RIGHTS OF STATE
Apurupa Devi. V
• The Fundamental Rights are defined as the
basic human rights of all citizens.
• These rights, defined in Part III of the
Constitution, apply irrespective of
race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed or
• They are enforceable by the courts, subject
to specific restrictions.
Seven fundamental rights were
originally provided by the Constitution – right to
equality, right to freedom, right against
exploitation, right to cultural and educational
rights, right to property and right to
constitutional remedies. However, the right to
property was removed from Part III of the
Constitution by the 44th Amendment in 1978.
Right to Equality
Right to Freedom
Right against Exploitation
Cultural and Educational Rights
Right to constitutional remedies
• The Right to Equality is embodied in Articles 14–
16, which collectively encompass the general
principles of equality before law and nondiscrimination.
• The Right to Freedom is covered in Articles 19–
22, with the view of guaranteeing individual
rights to every individual of the country.
• The Right against Exploitation, contained in Articles 23–
24, lays down certain provisions to prevent exploitation
of the weaker sections of the society by individuals or
• Every person has the right to get education no person
can discriminate against going to school.
• The Cultural and Educational rights, given in Articles 29
and 30, are measures to protect the rights of cultural,
linguistic and religious minorities, by enabling them to
conserve their heritage and protecting them against
• Right to constitutional remedies empowers the
citizens to move to a court of law in case of any
denial of the fundamental rights.
Ex : For instance, in case of imprisonment, the
citizen can ask the court to see if it is according to
the provisions of the law of the country.