What is public speaking
Public speaking is the process of
speaking to a group of people in a
structured, deliberate manner
intended to inform, influence, or
entertain the listeners.
importance of public speaking
Public speaking is both an art and a science
In social occasions
In professional life
All these speeches require a lot of prepration
and acquisition of public speaking skill
You must be prepared to make your
mark as an effective speaker some
point out that “most people fear
public speaking more than death
The conscious and unconscious movements and
postures by which attitudes and feelings are
According to various researchers, body
language is thought to account for between
50 to 70 percent of all communication. So
understanding body language is also very
Different types of body
Nervous Defensive Body Language
Power Body Language
Positive Body Language
Rapport Building Body Language
Nervous Defensive Body
When people are nervous or defensive it often
shows in their body. Here are a few things people
do when they are nervous:
1. Wringing Hands
2. Take up as little physical space as possible
3. Cross their arms
4. Touch their forehead in shame
5. Purse their lips
Power Body Language
When people are feeling dominant, powerful or
confident there are a few different body language
moves that come out. They are:
1. Shaking the fist
2. Forehead “jabs”
3. Battle Stance
4. Cowboy Cross
5. Taking up a lot of physical space to claim
Positive Body Language
If you see the following body language signs it
1. Rubbing the Chin- The universal gesture for contemplation.
2. Licking the lips- Someone is excited to begin or start a project.
3. Rubbing the Hands Together- This is a gesture of excitement or
getting ready to begin.
4. Open Palms- When someone shows you their palms it usually means
they aren’t hiding anything.
5. Runners Stance- This is what people do when they are getting
ready to make a move—both mentally and physically.
Rapport Building Body
When you want to build a connection with
someone or show them that you are on the same
page you can use nonverbal cues to help. Here are
1. Mirroring their body language
2. Matching their cadence
4. Using the thumbs up gesture
5. Keeping your palms open
How to understand body language
►Think for a moment about
how much a person is able
to convey with just a facial
expression. A smile can
indicate approval or
happiness, while a frown
can signal disapproval or
Well time gestures can also drive home the speaker ‘s
points .it would therefore be useful if you could watch
seasonal speakers and see how they use gestures
Use proper facial expression .biting the
lips or frowning may leave a negative
impression, where as a smiling face
and bright eyes creates a positive
Looking at the ceiling or looking out of the
window while talking make the speech foal
flat.it is good idea to first look at a person
who nods hi s head approvingly ,and then
look at all other members of the audience .
Are You Keeping People Away with Your
So here are the 10 Tips
to Improve Your Body
Importance of voice
You most be aware if the fact that a person voice
is important because the accent , stress, pitch
and volume help the audience to judge a
person’s confidence level, education and socio-
cultural background. This could also be one of
the factor in determine the effectiveness of a
person as a speaker.
Factor of voice
Loudness or the softness of the voice .
Characteristic that distinguishes one
voice from another
The number of words , a speaker speaks
per minute (the normal rate is between
120 to 150 words )
The number of vibrations per second (the
rise and fall of the voice conveys different
Refers to rising and falling pitch of the
We must know how to use pauses
effectivity .a pause often adds to the
impact of words.
It often lets the listener reflect on the
If you wish to be effective in your delivery,
you will need to be absolutely accurate in
Effect of voice
There are two types of effect
which we get
Speaker deliver and audience drink every
single word what you say and deliver
How to improve your voice
One of the most important components of
public speaking is the sound of your voice. It
influences the impact of your message, and
might even make or break the success of your
speech. Fortunately, for many people, good
voice quality can be learned.
Breathe from your diaphragm
Practice long and controlled exhales. When you speak, use
breath to punctuate your point. For example, take a
breath at the end of each phrase whether you need to or
not. Use that opportunity to pause and let the listeners
absorb what you say
Moderate your volume
Find out if you speak too loudly or too softly. When you
begin speaking, ask your audience how your volume is
(each situation is different). Try to stay at the
appropriate volume throughout your speech.
Moderate your pace
This one is also closely related to breath. If you speak
too quickly, people can’t keep up. If you speak too
slowly, people will lose interest. Record your speech to
determine if you need to change your pace. Get
feedback from others.
Articulate Try exaggerating your lip movement to reduce mumbling.
Practice articulating tongue twisters and extending and
exaggerating vowel sounds. Become an expert at articulating
tongue twisters as quickly and crisply as possible. Focus on the
ones you find difficult.
Loosen up before you begin
Look side to side. Roll your head in half-circles and roll
your shoulders back. Shift your rib cage from side to side.
Yawn. Stretch. Touch your toes while completely relaxing
your upper body, then slowly stand up, one vertebra at a
time, raising your head last. Repeat as needed.
Practice breath control
Take a deep breath, and while you exhale, count to 10 (or recite
the months or days of the week). Try gradually increasing your
volume as you count, using your abdominal muscles—not your
throat—for volume. Don’t let your larynx tense up.
Structure of a Good Speech
Just as the opening overs of a limited cricket match are
crucial, for example ,when Virender Sehwag or Charis
Gayle smash the ball all round or out of the stadium,
raining four sixes and entertain the crowd
So too the opening lines of your speeches
are very crucial. You can bring the audience
to your side by your captivating words .you
should grab the attention of the audience
with a good introduction
You must state the purpose of your speech.you have to
say, audience I ‘m here to share with you my experience
Make sure you give the outline of your speech
Should be most organized and important
Arguments and counter arguments should
Signpost and linker
Illustration should be used to make your
speech lively and persuasive .
Just as the opening overs of a cricket match are
crucial, the finala overs too are very crucial
because you want to post an imposing score
and challenge the opposition. In your speech
too , try to finish with a flourish .
Summarize the main points effectively
Key points or tips
Stand straight and hold your head high
Use the open palm gesture, which suggests openness.
Keep eye-contact with the audience
Try to sport a warm smile which will help suggest friendliness,
and build a rapport with the audience .
Speak in a well-modulated voice, with
the right tone and pitch . Adjust to the
level of the volume required.
Articulate the words with clarity
,precision and the correct rhythm.