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Funktsionalism ja le_corbusier
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Funktsionalism ja le_corbusier

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  • 1. Funktsionalism ja Le Corbusier Sandra Silver
  • 2. • 20. saj alguse modernismi üldidee - funktsionalism• Ehitise vorm vastavalt funktsioonile• Form follows function• Klassikalise vastand Villa Stein• Puudub jäik vormiline normatiivsus• Esteetika seoti ajastu, mitte minevikuga• Odavus, ajasäästlikkus• Valgusküllasus• Puuduvad liigsed asjad• Le Corbusieur (purism) Villa Savoye, Poissy, Paris 1928-30
  • 3. Le Corbusier - Millowners association building
  • 4. Le Corbusier, “VillaStein-de Monzie,kitchen”, 1926 Staircase in Villa Savoye
  • 5. Pavillon de l’Esprit Nouveau à l’expo de 1925(arch. Le Corbusier)
  • 6. Ozenfant House and Studio
  • 7. Ozenfant House and Studio
  • 8. • “meisterlik, korrektne, suurejooneline mahtude ja valguse mäng”• “maja kui masin” töötab funktsionaalselt• Laeva vorm+funktsioon oli mõnikord eeskujuks• Manifest uue arhitektuuri jaoks: – Postidel esimene korrus – Vaba fassaadikompositsioon – Vaba plaan – Lintaken – katuseterrassid Le Corbusier Chapel, Ronchamp, France
  • 9. • Interjööris siserõdud, trepid, pandused – kaldteed• Klaasseinad• Lintaken, mille kardin ei ulatunud põrandani• Valge fassaad, ent värviline siseruum• Moodne maalikunst ja skulptuur• Kasutab Thonet’ painutatud puust toole• “inimene elab ruumis, mitte mööbli keskel”• Mööbel seina ääres/seina moodustaja• Corbusieur+Pierre Jeanneret+Charlotte Perriand
  • 10. Villa la Roche
  • 11. • Torumööbel• Muudetavad, mugandatavad esemed (reguleeritav lamamistool)• Õõtsuv tool, pöördiste• Lehmanaha muster• Raam (torukonstruktsioon) ja polster üksteisest eraldi
  • 12. The list of the designs by the Le Corbusier team in 1929. Apart from the"Casiers Standard" a modular storage system, this is all of his furniture. Theydid not go into production. Mainly because they were too difficult to produce.Projected as furniture for the working class, it is an irony that their technicalcomplexity made them become luxury items and status symbols.
  • 13. Left: The Corbusier furniture at the Salon dAutomneRight: "Fauteuil Grand Confort, Grand Modèle" which is nowadaysknown as LC 3. Le Corbusier; Iannis Xenakis; Edgard Varèse «Poème électronique: Philips Pavilion»