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26
21
51
97.5
6.5
70
60
89
86
Regular % Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity
Construction
Trade
Transport
Finance
...
31
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31
0.5
17.5
10
11 3
5
Piece Rate % Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity
Construction
Trade
Transport
Finance...
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Pakistan 1999-
2000
2001-
2002
2003-
2004
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2006
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2007
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2011
Labor Force Pa...
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Overview of Evolution of the industrial relations system in Pakistan
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Overview of Evolution of the industrial relations system in Pakistan

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This is just an over view of the labor market in Pakistan. Provide brief overview of the labor market conditions, labor market indicators which are prevailing in Pakistan.

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Overview of Evolution of the industrial relations system in Pakistan

  1. 1. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 1 of 28 WelcomeTO THE PRESENTATION Evolution of the industrial relations system in Pakistan
  2. 2. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 2 of 28 IndustrialRelationsA regulatory system or mechanism that governs workplace relations Industrial relations establish relations & rules which enhance and produce efficiency, productivity and excellent work, promote trust, cooperation by reducing conflicts between employer and employees. Labor Market : A market in which workers compete for jobs and employers compete for workers on wage rate basis. A Question? Who is the key player in establishing the industrial relations system? Government? Employers and the Workers No
  3. 3. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 3 of 28 ThePakistanScenarioAs industrial sector is increasing, role of industrial relations is increasing in Pakistan. Trade unions centered on personalities. Very few of them attempt to organize at root level. But prefer to compete for loyalty enterprise base unions. (reason of instability). Limit of members was 2,000 members. Now it is 135 union members for each . International Confederation of Trade Unions (ICFTU) Three affiliates of ICFTU were merged in Pakistan Workers Federations (PWF) in September 2005 Before Independence The feudal system prevalent in the country The hostile and feudal attitude of employers In-active role of government Pakistan remains mostly under Military rule after independence Anti-trade union attitude Pakistan Workers’ Federation (PWF) A single nation wide workers unions in Pakistan. PWF point out the following impeding factors
  4. 4. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 4 of 28 ThePakistanScenario Retrogressive’ labor legislation brought all the national federations under one umbrella to develop and maintain unity by forming a Joint Labor Council. The countrywide strike call of March 1969 led to the shutdown of electricity supply in major cities for two hours in the evening. Pakistan Tripartite Labor Conference (PTLC) was convened in 1969. This conference give two benefits to the labor force 1. Concept of Industrial Relations Ordinance 1969 2. Electing Collective Bargaining Agent through secret ballet elections
  5. 5. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 5 of 28 StepsTakenbyPakistanGovt. The Pakistan Decent Work Country Program (PDWCP) 2005 Cabinet approved the Labor Inspection Policy Labor Protection Policy 2006 National Employment Policy (NEP) 2007 Millennium Development Goals and Decent Work Together 2008 Employment and service conditions act (ESCA) 2009
  6. 6. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 8 of 28 LaborMarketIndicators Labor force participation rate Employment-to-population ratio Status in employment Employment by sector Part-time workers Hours of work Employment in the informal economy Unemployment Youth unemployment Long-term unemployment Unemployment by educational attainment Time-related underemployment Inactivity rate Educational attainment and illiteracy Manufacturing wage trends Labor productivity and unit labor costs
  7. 7. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 6 of 28 LaborMarketIndicatorsPopulations of Pakistan 155.37 million Growth Rate 1.09% Annually 2005-06 Population Age Group 30% Below 10 Years old 12.9% 10-14 years old Growth rate increases due to LFPR Populations of Pakistan 160.9 million Growth Rate 1.8% Annually 2007-08 Population Age Group 45.2% 10 Years and above Growth rate of child labor increases due to Populations of Pakistan 163.76 million Growth Rate 1.73% Annually 2009-10 Population Age Group 45.2% 10 Years and above Growth rate of 10 Years & above remain same but female labor force participation was increased.
  8. 8. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 9 of 28 LaborMarketIndicatorsPopulation 177.7 Million Growth Rate 2.05%. 2010-11 Population 2010-11 Employed Un- employed Total 57.24 M 53.25 M 3.4 M Male 68.7% Female 21.7%
  9. 9. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 10 of 28 LaborMarketIndicators 2010-11 Indicators From To + or - Labor Force 56.33 (Million) 57.24 Million + 0.91 Minimum Wage Rate Rs/- 7,000 Rs/- 8,000 + 1,000 Employed People 53.21 Million 53.84 Million + 0.63 Unemployed Rate 5.6% 6.0 + 0.4 Agriculture Sector 44% 45% + 1.0% Industrial Sector 13.2% 13.7% + 0.5% Wholesale and retail 16.3 16.2 % - 0.1% Community / Personal 11.2% 10.8% - 0.4%
  10. 10. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 11 of 28 RoleofInformalSector& PakistanGovernment2010-2011 Employs 73.8 percent of total labor force in 2010-11 Particulars 2010-11 Million 0.45 Million Skilled 0.17 Un-skilled 0.20 Semi-skilled 0.073 Highly skilled 0.0030 High qualified 0.0069
  11. 11. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 12 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 45.1 13.7 7 16.2 5.1 10.8 2.1 Sectors Agriculture Manufacturing Construction Wholesale Transport Community/Personal Others
  12. 12. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 13 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 36.2 75.4 Agriculture Sector (out of 100) Male Female
  13. 13. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 14 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 14.5 10.9 Manufacturing Sector ( out of 100) Male Female
  14. 14. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 15 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 8.9 0.2 Construction Sector both (from 100) Male Female
  15. 15. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 16 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 20.4 1.6 Wholesale Sector both (from 100) Male Female
  16. 16. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 17 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 6.6 0.1 Transport Sector both (from 100) Male Female
  17. 17. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 18 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 10.8 11.4 Community / Personal Sector both (from 100) Male Female
  18. 18. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 19 of 28 EmploymentsharedbySectors 2.6 0.3 Others Sector both (from 100) Male Female
  19. 19. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 20 of 28 LaborForceExpansion Policies Micro Credit Facilities President’s Rozgar Scheme by National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) National Vocational and Technical Education Commission (President’s Funnee Maharat Program and the Prime Minister’s Hunarmand Pakistan Program) Skill Development Councils Overseas Employment Information Technology National Internship Program Investing in Increasing Water Resources
  20. 20. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 21 of 28 NewFormsofEmployment &AreasofConcern The economic, social and political environment have great affects on labor-management relations. Labor force remain in the form of unions, management committees, and collective bargaining agents. In Pakistan, the employment is considered as the employee is having regular, casual, piece rate or apprenticeship .
  21. 21. homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 22 of 28 NewFormsofEmployment &AreasofConcern 5627 16 1 Employees % Regular Casual Piece Rate Apprentice Sectors Agriculture Mining Manufacturing Electricity Construction Trade Transport Finance Service
  22. 22. 26 21 51 97.5 6.5 70 60 89 86 Regular % Agriculture Mining Manufacturing Electricity Construction Trade Transport Finance Services 42 49 16 2 76 19 28 7 8 Casual % Agriculture Mining Manufacturing Electricity Construction Trade Transport Finance Services
  23. 23. 31 30 31 0.5 17.5 10 11 3 5 Piece Rate % Agriculture Mining Manufacturing Electricity Construction Trade Transport Finance Services 1 0 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 Apprenticeship % Agriculture Mining Manufacturing Electricity Construction Trade Transport Finance Services
  24. 24. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicator WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 25 of 28 Explanations Regular Employees Piece Rate Employees Apprentices 56 % employees have regular work mostly in Finance, services, trade, agriculture and mining. Every third employee out of 100 is engaged in piece rate employment in agriculture, manufacturing, mining sectors. Proportion of apprentices is insignificant, the maximum being 2 per cent of the employees in manufacturing.
  25. 25. Pakistan 1999- 2000 2001- 2002 2003- 2004 2005- 2006 2006- 2007 2007- 2008 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 2010- 2011 Labor Force Participation Rate 50.4 50.5 50.7 53.0 52.5 52.5 53.1 53.5 53.4 Employment-to-population ratio 46.8 46.5 47.0 49.7 49.8 49.9 50.3 50.7 50.4 Unemployment rate 7.2 7.8 7.4 6.1 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.7 Share of industry in total EMP 18.2 21.0 20.6 21.2 21.4 20.6 21.0 21.4 21.8 Share of agriculture in total EMP 47.8 41.1 41.8 41.6 42.0 42.8 43.3 43.4 43.5 Share of services in total EMP 34.0 38.0 37.6 37.1 36.6 36.6 35.7 35.2 34.7 Share of EMP in the informal economy 65.0 63.8 69.4 72.3 71.5 72.4 73.0 72.9 73.5 Selected key indicators of the labor market (%) Both Male and Female
  26. 26. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 26 of 28 CONCLUSION Less wages, less remunerative services with excellent, quality and productive work badly affects a significant portion of employed labor force. Similarly, poor working in significant place of work also increase the cost but produce nothing. Changing employee patterns affect industrial relations. As show in the charts, the regular workers are replaced by casual and piece rate workers. This is due to cost minimization strategy which is adopted by employers. Another factor is telecommuting which remove the boarders and increase the level of globalization. Freelancers and outsourcers are available at just one click, no need of establishing business, office, etc , also negatively affect the labor force participation Work force is not organized in industrial units. Recent barriers of electricity, gas also affect negatively the production. Ultimately, when the production rate is zero, or equal to zero, employers will fire the labor due to zero production. This action will increase the unemployment rate and also many social evils will produce. This transformation has led to increasing inequality of income, poverty, and insecurity.
  27. 27. Homihere.blogspot.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 27 of 28 Presentationisover YOU MAY ASK QUESTIONS NOW!
  28. 28. www.totalydarkpowerpointtemplate.com YOU ARE LOOKING AT Humayun Khalid Qureshi MBA 1.5 (HR) TODAY TOPIS IS Labor Market Indicators WE ARE CURRENTLY HERE 28 of 28 Presentationisover YOU MAY NOW RELAX!
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