Lesson1 North South Divide
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  • 1. Freedom Module Geography Lessons Lesson 1 The North-South Divide Aim- To understand that different parts of the world have very different standards of living.
  • 2. Citizenship
    • Empathising with the experience of others in the Global community
  • 3. Starter Activity:
    • Spend 3 minutes with the person next to you, talking about the following 8 photos.
    • Think about how different life is in the UK and in poorer countries like the ones shown in the continent of Africa.
  • 4. EDUCATION WATER COLLECTION HEALTH CARE PUBLIC TRANSPORT AFRICA
  • 5. EDUCATION WATER COLLECTION HEALTH CARE PUBLIC TRANSPORT UNITED KINGDOM
  • 6. Main Activity 1 - What is Development?
    • Dictionary definition:
    • “ The act or process of growing or developing”
    • There is no single definition
    • Development is a “Fuzzy concept”
  • 7. Development
    • Can you think of a definition?
    • Write it on the word document ‘Lesson 1 Worksheet.’
    • Is it all about money then?
    • Look at the next four slides and then answer the question on the worksheet.
  • 8. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 20% of Population, 80% of Wealth in the North 80% of Population 20% of Wealth in the South
  • 9. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Gross National Product (GNP) of a country is the economic value it adds in one year - GNP per capita is used to measure living standards 1999 $
  • 10. BROADER MEASURES But economic development is not the only way to measure progress - the Human Development Index (HDI) looks at social factors too In addition to income per head, we also measure life expectancy and education
  • 11. BROADER MEASURES The HDI is measured as a score from 0 to 1, with a higher number indicating more development
  • 12. Is Kenya a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC)? What is a LEDC? An LEDC is a Less Economically Developed Country. Therefore LEDCs are relatively poor countries. What do we need to know about Kenya to find out whether it is a LEDC?
  • 13. the percentage of people that cannot read or write per capita = per person the average number of years a person lives to Internet link – statistics on Kenya www.xist.org/ Development indicators 0% 0% 14% 30% _ Adult illiteracy ( male then female for 1997) 77 yrs 54 yrs 48 yrs Life expectancy at birth 300 22,000 _ Population per doctor (1993) 3317 2075 _ Daily calorie intake per capita 18700 280 175 GNP per capita $ (1995) UK 1997 KENYA 1997 KENYA 1965 Indicator money earned in a country (value of goods and services) the population of that country
  • 14. Choose 2 of these development indicators. On the worksheet explain how they show that Kenya is a LEDC compared to the UK. 0% 0% 14% 30% _ Adult illiteracy ( male then female for 1997) 77 yrs 54 yrs 48 yrs Life expectancy at birth 300 22,000 _ Population per doctor (1993) 3317 2075 2169 Daily calorie intake per capita 18700 280 175 GNP per capita $ (1995) UK 1997 KENYA 1997 KENYA 1965 Indicator Development indicators
  • 15. Plenary
    • ‘ Success in life depends on where you are born.’
    • Is this statement true?
    • Think about it and be prepared to tell the class what you think.
  • 16. Homework – Define these keywords
    • MEDC
    • LEDC
    • GNP
    • Trade
    • Debt
    • Long term aid
    • Short term aid
  • 17. Extension Activity
    • Write a short story explaining what it would be like to swap your British lifestyle for that of a similar aged teenager in an LEDC. How would the quality of your life change? Would that have to mean that you were less happy?
    • Use the development indicators worksheet.