Lesson1 North South Divide

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  • Lesson1 North South Divide

    1. 1. Freedom Module Geography Lessons Lesson 1 The North-South Divide Aim- To understand that different parts of the world have very different standards of living.
    2. 2. Citizenship <ul><li>Empathising with the experience of others in the Global community </li></ul>
    3. 3. Starter Activity: <ul><li>Spend 3 minutes with the person next to you, talking about the following 8 photos. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about how different life is in the UK and in poorer countries like the ones shown in the continent of Africa. </li></ul>
    4. 4. EDUCATION WATER COLLECTION HEALTH CARE PUBLIC TRANSPORT AFRICA
    5. 5. EDUCATION WATER COLLECTION HEALTH CARE PUBLIC TRANSPORT UNITED KINGDOM
    6. 6. Main Activity 1 - What is Development? <ul><li>Dictionary definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The act or process of growing or developing” </li></ul><ul><li>There is no single definition </li></ul><ul><li>Development is a “Fuzzy concept” </li></ul>
    7. 7. Development <ul><li>Can you think of a definition? </li></ul><ul><li>Write it on the word document ‘Lesson 1 Worksheet.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Is it all about money then? </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the next four slides and then answer the question on the worksheet. </li></ul>
    8. 8. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 20% of Population, 80% of Wealth in the North 80% of Population 20% of Wealth in the South
    9. 9. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Gross National Product (GNP) of a country is the economic value it adds in one year - GNP per capita is used to measure living standards 1999 $
    10. 10. BROADER MEASURES But economic development is not the only way to measure progress - the Human Development Index (HDI) looks at social factors too In addition to income per head, we also measure life expectancy and education
    11. 11. BROADER MEASURES The HDI is measured as a score from 0 to 1, with a higher number indicating more development
    12. 12. Is Kenya a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC)? What is a LEDC? An LEDC is a Less Economically Developed Country. Therefore LEDCs are relatively poor countries. What do we need to know about Kenya to find out whether it is a LEDC?
    13. 13. the percentage of people that cannot read or write per capita = per person the average number of years a person lives to Internet link – statistics on Kenya www.xist.org/ Development indicators 0% 0% 14% 30% _ Adult illiteracy ( male then female for 1997) 77 yrs 54 yrs 48 yrs Life expectancy at birth 300 22,000 _ Population per doctor (1993) 3317 2075 _ Daily calorie intake per capita 18700 280 175 GNP per capita $ (1995) UK 1997 KENYA 1997 KENYA 1965 Indicator money earned in a country (value of goods and services) the population of that country
    14. 14. Choose 2 of these development indicators. On the worksheet explain how they show that Kenya is a LEDC compared to the UK. 0% 0% 14% 30% _ Adult illiteracy ( male then female for 1997) 77 yrs 54 yrs 48 yrs Life expectancy at birth 300 22,000 _ Population per doctor (1993) 3317 2075 2169 Daily calorie intake per capita 18700 280 175 GNP per capita $ (1995) UK 1997 KENYA 1997 KENYA 1965 Indicator Development indicators
    15. 15. Plenary <ul><li>‘ Success in life depends on where you are born.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Is this statement true? </li></ul><ul><li>Think about it and be prepared to tell the class what you think. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Homework – Define these keywords <ul><li>MEDC </li></ul><ul><li>LEDC </li></ul><ul><li>GNP </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Long term aid </li></ul><ul><li>Short term aid </li></ul>
    17. 17. Extension Activity <ul><li>Write a short story explaining what it would be like to swap your British lifestyle for that of a similar aged teenager in an LEDC. How would the quality of your life change? Would that have to mean that you were less happy? </li></ul><ul><li>Use the development indicators worksheet. </li></ul>

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