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The Unifications of Italy and Germany (shared using VisualBee)

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  • 1. The Unifications ofItaly and Germany
  • 2. Why Did Italy Unite • The Spread of Nationalism • Revolutions of 1848: Liberalism and Nationalism Split • Defeat of Russia in Crimean War • Isolation of Austria • Re-emergence of France under Napoleon III
  • 3. Italy Becomes a Nation-State • Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872) • Revolutionary democrat • Republican
  • 4. Maps
  • 5. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) • Republican • Revolutionary • Military leader • guerilla fighter
  • 6. Count Camillo Benso di Cavour (1810-1861) • Sardinian nobleman • Prime minister of Sardinia-Piedmont • King Victor Emmanuel II (1849- 1861) • Conservative • Ambitious • Pragmatic
  • 7. Before and After
  • 8. Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1808-1873; r. 1848-1870) • Nephew of Napoleon • Re-emerging French Empire • Sounded democratic • Believed in personal rule and a centralized state • Made a deal with Cavour: • France promised Nice and Savoy (from Piedmont) • Sardinia promised Lombardy and Venetia (from Austria)
  • 9. Unification Of Italy Timeline1859 Austria goes to war against Sardinia- Piedmont (and France)1860 Napoleon bails, but Austria cedes Lombardy1860 Plebescites in Tuscany, Parma, and ModenaMay Garibaldi and thousand Red Shirts go to1860 Sicily1861 Kingdom of Italy declared (King Victor Emmanuel)
  • 10. Massimo dAzeglio • First speaker of the new Italian Parliament: “We have made Italy, now we must make Italians!”
  • 11. Unification of Germany, 1864-1871 • Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) • Junker • Brilliant diplomat • “Blood and iron” • Not revolution • 1862 became Minister-President
  • 12. The German Confederation 1815
  • 13. Unification of Germany (cont.) • William I, King of Prussia (r. 1861- 1888) • Schleswig-Holstein (1864) • Austro-Prussian war of 1866 – The Seven Weeks’ War
  • 14. Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 • Leopold von Hohenzollern • Paris Commune • January 18, 1871: Second German Empire (Reich) declared in the Palace of Versailles, Hall of Mirrors
  • 15. Unification of Germany

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