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 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
 The Unifications of  Italy and Germany  
(shared using VisualBee)
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The Unifications of Italy and Germany (shared using VisualBee)

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  • 1. The Unifications ofItaly and Germany
  • 2. Why Did Italy Unite • The Spread of Nationalism • Revolutions of 1848: Liberalism and Nationalism Split • Defeat of Russia in Crimean War • Isolation of Austria • Re-emergence of France under Napoleon III
  • 3. Italy Becomes a Nation-State • Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872) • Revolutionary democrat • Republican
  • 4. Maps
  • 5. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) • Republican • Revolutionary • Military leader • guerilla fighter
  • 6. Count Camillo Benso di Cavour (1810-1861) • Sardinian nobleman • Prime minister of Sardinia-Piedmont • King Victor Emmanuel II (1849- 1861) • Conservative • Ambitious • Pragmatic
  • 7. Before and After
  • 8. Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1808-1873; r. 1848-1870) • Nephew of Napoleon • Re-emerging French Empire • Sounded democratic • Believed in personal rule and a centralized state • Made a deal with Cavour: • France promised Nice and Savoy (from Piedmont) • Sardinia promised Lombardy and Venetia (from Austria)
  • 9. Unification Of Italy Timeline1859 Austria goes to war against Sardinia- Piedmont (and France)1860 Napoleon bails, but Austria cedes Lombardy1860 Plebescites in Tuscany, Parma, and ModenaMay Garibaldi and thousand Red Shirts go to1860 Sicily1861 Kingdom of Italy declared (King Victor Emmanuel)
  • 10. Massimo dAzeglio • First speaker of the new Italian Parliament: “We have made Italy, now we must make Italians!”
  • 11. Unification of Germany, 1864-1871 • Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) • Junker • Brilliant diplomat • “Blood and iron” • Not revolution • 1862 became Minister-President
  • 12. The German Confederation 1815
  • 13. Unification of Germany (cont.) • William I, King of Prussia (r. 1861- 1888) • Schleswig-Holstein (1864) • Austro-Prussian war of 1866 – The Seven Weeks’ War
  • 14. Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 • Leopold von Hohenzollern • Paris Commune • January 18, 1871: Second German Empire (Reich) declared in the Palace of Versailles, Hall of Mirrors
  • 15. Unification of Germany

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