Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)


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Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)

  1. 1. Poverty Level in Asia<br />
  2. 2. Understand the relationship between human development and poverty in Asia<br />Give an assessment of the Asian population based on gender, literacy, life expectancy, income, composition, etc.<br />Recognize the importance of having a high literacy rate in a country.<br />Objectives<br />
  3. 3. Analyze the relationship between economic development and human resources of Asian countries.<br />Reflect on the effects and how people could contribute to the alleviation of poverty especially in the Philippines.<br />
  4. 4. See the sad reality<br />2.8 – 3 Billion people live in severe poverty<br />These figures represent almost half of the world population<br />
  5. 5. See the sad reality<br />1.2 – 1.3 Billion people live in extreme poverty, especially those in the Asian and African continents<br />
  6. 6. Several definitions…<br />Income poverty<br />Basis of poverty: <br />per capita expenditure necessary to attain 2,000 to 2,500 calories per day<br />According to the World Bank<br />Basis: International poverty line<br />
  7. 7. Arbitrary definitions<br />
  8. 8. In the World Development Report 2000…<br />Poverty not measured in terms of economics alone.<br />Definition expanded:<br />Basic needs were taken into consideration<br />Exploitation of certain sectors of society<br />Discrimination<br />Inequalities between men and women<br />Lack of opportunity to express opinion<br />Vulnerablity to violence<br />Powerlessness to fight corruption<br />Lack of voice in the decision making processes<br />
  9. 9. Human Resources of Asia<br />
  10. 10. Population Growth<br />Population of one nation<br />Formulation of<br />policies to<br />arrest or hasten<br />population growth<br />
  11. 11. Population concerns:<br />Aggravated by extreme poverty and hunger<br />Environmental destruction<br />Problem in education<br />
  12. 12. Population distribution & composition<br />Affect the potential development of a country<br />
  13. 13. Young population<br /><ul><li>Greater need for education and health services
  14. 14. Significant portion of the population would be relying on old people</li></li></ul><li>Old population<br /> Considerable need for medical services and recreational facilities<br />
  15. 15. Health indicators<br />
  16. 16. Health indicators<br />May either imply progress or insufficiency in health services<br />Vital in the government’s formulation of policies designed to improve the condition of its citizens<br />High birth rate<br />High death rate<br />
  17. 17. Life expectancy<br />Developed countries <br />vs.<br />Underdeveloped countries<br />
  18. 18. 11 million children under the age of 5 die of hunger and other related illnesses<br />For surviving children, they may experience difficulty in achieving the full potential of having a comfortable life<br />
  19. 19. Projection!<br />Around 3 – 4 billion people would be added to the world population between now and the year 2025...<br />
  20. 20. Employment & progress<br />
  21. 21. Employment Rate<br />Percentage of the population with occupation<br />Unemployment Rate<br />Percentage of the population without any source of livelihood<br />Scarcity of work and livelihood have serious implications:<br />Food inadequacy for a family<br />Reduction in purchasing power<br />Increasing number of school drop-outs<br />Rising incidence of various illneses and crime<br />
  22. 22. GDP<br />Gross Domestic Product<br />The total market value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given year<br />GDP / total population = per capita GDP<br />
  23. 23. Let us identify...<br />In West Asia?<br />In East Asia?<br />In Southeast Asia?<br />
  24. 24. Education & literacy rate<br />
  25. 25. Education<br />Essential to the development of a person to the country she or he belongs.<br />
  26. 26. Literacy Rate<br />Percentage of the country’s population that can read and write<br />
  27. 27. Migration & urbanization<br />
  28. 28. Migration<br />The movement of people within and outside a country’s territory<br />Major factor in the development of societies and states<br />Currently offers the most immediate solution to alleviating unemployment problems and coping with economic difficulties<br />