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Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)

Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)






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    Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources) Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources) Presentation Transcript

    • Poverty Level in Asia
    • Understand the relationship between human development and poverty in Asia
      Give an assessment of the Asian population based on gender, literacy, life expectancy, income, composition, etc.
      Recognize the importance of having a high literacy rate in a country.
    • Analyze the relationship between economic development and human resources of Asian countries.
      Reflect on the effects and how people could contribute to the alleviation of poverty especially in the Philippines.
    • See the sad reality
      2.8 – 3 Billion people live in severe poverty
      These figures represent almost half of the world population
    • See the sad reality
      1.2 – 1.3 Billion people live in extreme poverty, especially those in the Asian and African continents
    • Several definitions…
      Income poverty
      Basis of poverty:
      per capita expenditure necessary to attain 2,000 to 2,500 calories per day
      According to the World Bank
      Basis: International poverty line
    • Arbitrary definitions
    • In the World Development Report 2000…
      Poverty not measured in terms of economics alone.
      Definition expanded:
      Basic needs were taken into consideration
      Exploitation of certain sectors of society
      Inequalities between men and women
      Lack of opportunity to express opinion
      Vulnerablity to violence
      Powerlessness to fight corruption
      Lack of voice in the decision making processes
    • Human Resources of Asia
    • Population Growth
      Population of one nation
      Formulation of
      policies to
      arrest or hasten
      population growth
    • Population concerns:
      Aggravated by extreme poverty and hunger
      Environmental destruction
      Problem in education
    • Population distribution & composition
      Affect the potential development of a country
    • Young population
      • Greater need for education and health services
      • Significant portion of the population would be relying on old people
    • Old population
       Considerable need for medical services and recreational facilities
    • Health indicators
    • Health indicators
      May either imply progress or insufficiency in health services
      Vital in the government’s formulation of policies designed to improve the condition of its citizens
      High birth rate
      High death rate
    • Life expectancy
      Developed countries
      Underdeveloped countries
    • 11 million children under the age of 5 die of hunger and other related illnesses
      For surviving children, they may experience difficulty in achieving the full potential of having a comfortable life
    • Projection!
      Around 3 – 4 billion people would be added to the world population between now and the year 2025...
    • Employment & progress
    • Employment Rate
      Percentage of the population with occupation
      Unemployment Rate
      Percentage of the population without any source of livelihood
      Scarcity of work and livelihood have serious implications:
      Food inadequacy for a family
      Reduction in purchasing power
      Increasing number of school drop-outs
      Rising incidence of various illneses and crime
    • GDP
      Gross Domestic Product
      The total market value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given year
      GDP / total population = per capita GDP
    • Let us identify...
      In West Asia?
      In East Asia?
      In Southeast Asia?
    • Education & literacy rate
    • Education
      Essential to the development of a person to the country she or he belongs.
    • Literacy Rate
      Percentage of the country’s population that can read and write
    • Migration & urbanization
    • Migration
      The movement of people within and outside a country’s territory
      Major factor in the development of societies and states
      Currently offers the most immediate solution to alleviating unemployment problems and coping with economic difficulties