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Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)
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Lesson 5 (poverty level & human resources)



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  • 1. Poverty Level in Asia
  • 2. Understand the relationship between human development and poverty in Asia
    Give an assessment of the Asian population based on gender, literacy, life expectancy, income, composition, etc.
    Recognize the importance of having a high literacy rate in a country.
  • 3. Analyze the relationship between economic development and human resources of Asian countries.
    Reflect on the effects and how people could contribute to the alleviation of poverty especially in the Philippines.
  • 4. See the sad reality
    2.8 – 3 Billion people live in severe poverty
    These figures represent almost half of the world population
  • 5. See the sad reality
    1.2 – 1.3 Billion people live in extreme poverty, especially those in the Asian and African continents
  • 6. Several definitions…
    Income poverty
    Basis of poverty:
    per capita expenditure necessary to attain 2,000 to 2,500 calories per day
    According to the World Bank
    Basis: International poverty line
  • 7. Arbitrary definitions
  • 8. In the World Development Report 2000…
    Poverty not measured in terms of economics alone.
    Definition expanded:
    Basic needs were taken into consideration
    Exploitation of certain sectors of society
    Inequalities between men and women
    Lack of opportunity to express opinion
    Vulnerablity to violence
    Powerlessness to fight corruption
    Lack of voice in the decision making processes
  • 9. Human Resources of Asia
  • 10. Population Growth
    Population of one nation
    Formulation of
    policies to
    arrest or hasten
    population growth
  • 11. Population concerns:
    Aggravated by extreme poverty and hunger
    Environmental destruction
    Problem in education
  • 12. Population distribution & composition
    Affect the potential development of a country
  • 13. Young population
    • Greater need for education and health services
    • 14. Significant portion of the population would be relying on old people
  • Old population
     Considerable need for medical services and recreational facilities
  • 15. Health indicators
  • 16. Health indicators
    May either imply progress or insufficiency in health services
    Vital in the government’s formulation of policies designed to improve the condition of its citizens
    High birth rate
    High death rate
  • 17. Life expectancy
    Developed countries
    Underdeveloped countries
  • 18. 11 million children under the age of 5 die of hunger and other related illnesses
    For surviving children, they may experience difficulty in achieving the full potential of having a comfortable life
  • 19. Projection!
    Around 3 – 4 billion people would be added to the world population between now and the year 2025...
  • 20. Employment & progress
  • 21. Employment Rate
    Percentage of the population with occupation
    Unemployment Rate
    Percentage of the population without any source of livelihood
    Scarcity of work and livelihood have serious implications:
    Food inadequacy for a family
    Reduction in purchasing power
    Increasing number of school drop-outs
    Rising incidence of various illneses and crime
  • 22. GDP
    Gross Domestic Product
    The total market value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given year
    GDP / total population = per capita GDP
  • 23. Let us identify...
    In West Asia?
    In East Asia?
    In Southeast Asia?
  • 24. Education & literacy rate
  • 25. Education
    Essential to the development of a person to the country she or he belongs.
  • 26. Literacy Rate
    Percentage of the country’s population that can read and write
  • 27. Migration & urbanization
  • 28. Migration
    The movement of people within and outside a country’s territory
    Major factor in the development of societies and states
    Currently offers the most immediate solution to alleviating unemployment problems and coping with economic difficulties