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Animal Nutrition Wiki
By: Jace & Nathan
Nutrition
• Definition- Process in which animals consume
and utilize food.
• Provides a balanced diet and supports the lif...
Feed Efficiency
• Livestock Producers
▫ Monitor animal nutrition to decreases the number
of days to slaughter.
• Companion...
Balanced Ration
• Goal is to provide animal with all nutrients
needed for proper growth.
• Total amount of feed the animal...
The Essential Nutrients
• Needed to insure life and
provide energy.
• Without, problems may occur
during
▫ Reproduction
▫ ...
Water
• Vital process where it dissolves nutrients and
acts as a carrier of nutrients within the body.
• Also controls the...
Carbohydrates
• This nutrient is the main energy source.
• Produces body heat while providing energy to the
body.
• Carboh...
Lipids(Fats)
• Provide twice as much energy and heat than
carbohydrates.
• This nutrient is easily digested.
• Obtained by...
Protein
• The main source of repairing and maintaining
bodily functions.
▫ Such as hair, skin, muscles
• Essential for fet...
Minerals
• Provide rapid growth of bones, teeth, tissue, and
etc.
• These regulate chemical processes while making
body fu...
Vitamins
• Supplies animals with important nutrients that
help repair and perform other body functions.
• These are needed...
5 Different Diets
1. Maintenance
2. Growth
3. Reproduction
4. Lactation
5. Work
Maintenance
• Used in animals in which weight maintenance is
wanted.
• High in carbs and fat, low in protein, minerals,
an...
Growth
• Used when you want animal to fatten or gain
weight.
• Use many vitamins, minerals, protein.
Reproduction
• Used for animals from breeding to birth.
• High in protein, vitamins, and minerals.
• Feeding more than one...
Lactation
• All mammals after birth, produce milk.
• Fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorous are
needed.
Work
• Used for animals that are being grown for labor.
• Salt, minerals, carbs, and vitamins are needed to
keep animals h...
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Transcript of "Animal nutrition wiki"

  1. 1. Animal Nutrition Wiki By: Jace & Nathan
  2. 2. Nutrition • Definition- Process in which animals consume and utilize food. • Provides a balanced diet and supports the life processes of the animal. • A direct correlation between proper nutrition and weight of grain, also known as feed efficiency.
  3. 3. Feed Efficiency • Livestock Producers ▫ Monitor animal nutrition to decreases the number of days to slaughter. • Companion Animal ▫ Limit amount of feed to maintain animal health.
  4. 4. Balanced Ration • Goal is to provide animal with all nutrients needed for proper growth. • Total amount of feed the animal gets in one day.
  5. 5. The Essential Nutrients • Needed to insure life and provide energy. • Without, problems may occur during ▫ Reproduction ▫ Lactation ▫ Body mass ▫ Maturity time • 6 Essential Nutrients: ▫ Water ▫ Carbohydrates ▫ Lipids(Fats) ▫ Proteins ▫ Minerals ▫ Vitamins
  6. 6. Water • Vital process where it dissolves nutrients and acts as a carrier of nutrients within the body. • Also controls the body temperature of the animal. • Makes up 40-80% of the animals nutrition. • A clean water supply is best for rapid growth and efficient production. • Younger animals need up to 80-90% of water which makes it THE MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT!
  7. 7. Carbohydrates • This nutrient is the main energy source. • Produces body heat while providing energy to the body. • Carbohydrates have two groups, simple and complex. • Simple contain things such as sugars and starches. • Complex contain cellulose and fiber. • The extra carbohydrates that aren’t burned off turn into fat. • Obtained by: alfalfa, corn, sugars, and pasture.
  8. 8. Lipids(Fats) • Provide twice as much energy and heat than carbohydrates. • This nutrient is easily digested. • Obtained by: oats, cotton seeds, and distiller grains.
  9. 9. Protein • The main source of repairing and maintaining bodily functions. ▫ Such as hair, skin, muscles • Essential for fetal development. • Made by amino acids. • Monogastric animals have to take in amino acids whereas Ruminants make their own. • Obtained by: meat and bone meal, soybean meal, and corn meal.
  10. 10. Minerals • Provide rapid growth of bones, teeth, tissue, and etc. • These regulate chemical processes while making body functions happen. • There are two types of minerals, macro and micro minerals. • Macro minerals are needed in large amounts, whereas micro are needed in small. • Obtained by: mineral supplements, wheat, and hay.
  11. 11. Vitamins • Supplies animals with important nutrients that help repair and perform other body functions. • These are needed in small amounts, but are very helpful to the animals. • Two types of Vitamins are fat-soluble and water- soluble. • Obtained through supplements.
  12. 12. 5 Different Diets 1. Maintenance 2. Growth 3. Reproduction 4. Lactation 5. Work
  13. 13. Maintenance • Used in animals in which weight maintenance is wanted. • High in carbs and fat, low in protein, minerals, and vitamins.
  14. 14. Growth • Used when you want animal to fatten or gain weight. • Use many vitamins, minerals, protein.
  15. 15. Reproduction • Used for animals from breeding to birth. • High in protein, vitamins, and minerals. • Feeding more than one animal.
  16. 16. Lactation • All mammals after birth, produce milk. • Fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorous are needed.
  17. 17. Work • Used for animals that are being grown for labor. • Salt, minerals, carbs, and vitamins are needed to keep animals healthy.
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