• Definition- Process in which animals consume
and utilize food.
• Provides a balanced diet and supports the life
processes of the animal.
• A direct correlation between proper nutrition
and weight of grain, also known as feed
• Livestock Producers
▫ Monitor animal nutrition to decreases the number
of days to slaughter.
• Companion Animal
▫ Limit amount of feed to maintain animal health.
• Goal is to provide animal with all nutrients
needed for proper growth.
• Total amount of feed the animal gets in one day.
The Essential Nutrients
• Needed to insure life and
• Without, problems may occur
▫ Body mass
▫ Maturity time
• 6 Essential Nutrients:
• Vital process where it dissolves nutrients and
acts as a carrier of nutrients within the body.
• Also controls the body temperature of the
• Makes up 40-80% of the animals nutrition.
• A clean water supply is best for rapid growth and
• Younger animals need up to 80-90% of water
which makes it THE MOST IMPORTANT
• This nutrient is the main energy source.
• Produces body heat while providing energy to the
• Carbohydrates have two groups, simple and
• Simple contain things such as sugars and starches.
• Complex contain cellulose and fiber.
• The extra carbohydrates that aren’t burned off turn
• Obtained by: alfalfa, corn, sugars, and pasture.
• Provide twice as much energy and heat than
• This nutrient is easily digested.
• Obtained by: oats, cotton seeds, and distiller
• The main source of repairing and maintaining
▫ Such as hair, skin, muscles
• Essential for fetal development.
• Made by amino acids.
• Monogastric animals have to take in amino acids
whereas Ruminants make their own.
• Obtained by: meat and bone meal, soybean
meal, and corn meal.
• Provide rapid growth of bones, teeth, tissue, and
• These regulate chemical processes while making
body functions happen.
• There are two types of minerals, macro and
• Macro minerals are needed in large amounts,
whereas micro are needed in small.
• Obtained by: mineral supplements, wheat, and
• Supplies animals with important nutrients that
help repair and perform other body functions.
• These are needed in small amounts, but are very
helpful to the animals.
• Two types of Vitamins are fat-soluble and water-
• Obtained through supplements.
5 Different Diets
• Used in animals in which weight maintenance is
• High in carbs and fat, low in protein, minerals,
• Used when you want animal to fatten or gain
• Use many vitamins, minerals, protein.
• Used for animals from breeding to birth.
• High in protein, vitamins, and minerals.
• Feeding more than one animal.
• All mammals after birth, produce milk.
• Fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorous are
• Used for animals that are being grown for labor.
• Salt, minerals, carbs, and vitamins are needed to
keep animals healthy.