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Animal nutrition wiki

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  • 1. Animal Nutrition Wiki By: Jace & Nathan
  • 2. Nutrition • Definition- Process in which animals consume and utilize food. • Provides a balanced diet and supports the life processes of the animal. • A direct correlation between proper nutrition and weight of grain, also known as feed efficiency.
  • 3. Feed Efficiency • Livestock Producers ▫ Monitor animal nutrition to decreases the number of days to slaughter. • Companion Animal ▫ Limit amount of feed to maintain animal health.
  • 4. Balanced Ration • Goal is to provide animal with all nutrients needed for proper growth. • Total amount of feed the animal gets in one day.
  • 5. The Essential Nutrients • Needed to insure life and provide energy. • Without, problems may occur during ▫ Reproduction ▫ Lactation ▫ Body mass ▫ Maturity time • 6 Essential Nutrients: ▫ Water ▫ Carbohydrates ▫ Lipids(Fats) ▫ Proteins ▫ Minerals ▫ Vitamins
  • 6. Water • Vital process where it dissolves nutrients and acts as a carrier of nutrients within the body. • Also controls the body temperature of the animal. • Makes up 40-80% of the animals nutrition. • A clean water supply is best for rapid growth and efficient production. • Younger animals need up to 80-90% of water which makes it THE MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT!
  • 7. Carbohydrates • This nutrient is the main energy source. • Produces body heat while providing energy to the body. • Carbohydrates have two groups, simple and complex. • Simple contain things such as sugars and starches. • Complex contain cellulose and fiber. • The extra carbohydrates that aren’t burned off turn into fat. • Obtained by: alfalfa, corn, sugars, and pasture.
  • 8. Lipids(Fats) • Provide twice as much energy and heat than carbohydrates. • This nutrient is easily digested. • Obtained by: oats, cotton seeds, and distiller grains.
  • 9. Protein • The main source of repairing and maintaining bodily functions. ▫ Such as hair, skin, muscles • Essential for fetal development. • Made by amino acids. • Monogastric animals have to take in amino acids whereas Ruminants make their own. • Obtained by: meat and bone meal, soybean meal, and corn meal.
  • 10. Minerals • Provide rapid growth of bones, teeth, tissue, and etc. • These regulate chemical processes while making body functions happen. • There are two types of minerals, macro and micro minerals. • Macro minerals are needed in large amounts, whereas micro are needed in small. • Obtained by: mineral supplements, wheat, and hay.
  • 11. Vitamins • Supplies animals with important nutrients that help repair and perform other body functions. • These are needed in small amounts, but are very helpful to the animals. • Two types of Vitamins are fat-soluble and water- soluble. • Obtained through supplements.
  • 12. 5 Different Diets 1. Maintenance 2. Growth 3. Reproduction 4. Lactation 5. Work
  • 13. Maintenance • Used in animals in which weight maintenance is wanted. • High in carbs and fat, low in protein, minerals, and vitamins.
  • 14. Growth • Used when you want animal to fatten or gain weight. • Use many vitamins, minerals, protein.
  • 15. Reproduction • Used for animals from breeding to birth. • High in protein, vitamins, and minerals. • Feeding more than one animal.
  • 16. Lactation • All mammals after birth, produce milk. • Fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorous are needed.
  • 17. Work • Used for animals that are being grown for labor. • Salt, minerals, carbs, and vitamins are needed to keep animals healthy.