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FOUNDATION FOR DEVELOPMENT AND
IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC STUDIES
(FUNDEIMES)
Paper titled:
PARTIC...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
CLARIFICATION
"The views expressed in this research report are the sole responsibility of
their (S)...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
CHAPTER II
PARTICIPATION IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMMES RELATED TO THE
ELIMINATION ...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Educational Management Strategic Plan 2008 - 2012
In 2010 is promulgated the new constitution of th...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
v. Remove the gender disparities in primary and secondary education here
by 2005, and achieving gen...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
We have to note that these plans have their reference s in many
international organizations and fri...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
To increase the participation of the different social sectors, family and public and
private organi...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Specific goal.
Supporting inclusive education of students with special educational needs with
neede...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Increase Target specific economic effort of each country to achieve the Goals by
2021.
Indicator.
D...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Get at least 40% of the schools have school libraries in 2015 and 100% in 2021.
Indicator.
Ratio of...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Providing a specific curriculum that incorporates Meta reading and computer use in
the teaching and...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Specific goal.
Increase the number of young people completing upper secondary education.
Indicator....
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Getting between 30% and 70% of students in vocational technical education run
company practices or ...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
budgets, structures and regulations certifying education, thus, will decrease the
illiteracy in all...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
48 - monthly newsletter of the NSO Available
at: http://www.one.gob.do/ (See: 2013, june 14:00...
T...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Keep in mind that illiteracy, in any of its essential modes: absolute,
practical and digital, is cl...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
REFERENCES
Libros
Cruz, S. y de la Cruz, M. (2012). La Globalización y su Incidencia en los
Derecho...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Made Serrano, Nicolás. (2009). Metodología de la Investigación Científica,
Santo Domingo Este, Repú...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
Secretaria de Estado de Educación, Republica Dominicana. (2009). Programa
Patria Letrada. Santo Dom...
Fundeimes.blogspot.com
http//www.elnuevodiario.com.do/app/article.aspx?id=167565.
http://hoy.com.do/el-pais/2012/9/11/4459...
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PARTICIPATION IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMMES RELATED TO THE ELIMINATION OF ILLITERACY (EXTRACT)

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More than participation, Dominican Republic, through the years, it has been inserted into the universal education, with international commitments which has been included. That is why your goals and achievements are rather formulas for measuring the progress of education in the Republic, since this also contributes to educational excellence, given that commitments to institutions and countries in other regions are assumed, while commitments are being established as goals to be achieved by the Dominican education system, in order to standardize education universally, with the mechanisms established treaties and conventions that have been signed..

These international education commitments, duties have been taken as well as a political responsibility, to be established as an important benchmark to measure the impact of education programs that run efficiently. Therefore, in educational plans and programs for the period 2008 - 2013, a global education guide serve for monitoring and enforcement, and detecting the scope of such programs and the country's ability to meet its stated commitments.

The World Declaration on Education for All was considered essential so universal all access to education and promoting equity, pay attention priority to learning, broadening the means and scope of basic education, improve the learning environment; strengthen coordination of actions, and realize the enormous potential for progress and increase the chances of individuals when accessing education.

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Transcript of "PARTICIPATION IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMMES RELATED TO THE ELIMINATION OF ILLITERACY (EXTRACT)"

  1. 1. Fundeimes.blogspot.com FOUNDATION FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC STUDIES (FUNDEIMES) Paper titled: PARTICIPATION IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMMES RELATED TO THE ELIMINATION OF ILLITERACY (EXTRACT) AUTHOR IS: VIDAL JOSE RODRIGUEZ PICHARDO And LUIS JIMENEZ ALMONTE SANTO DOMINGO, DN YEAR 2014
  2. 2. Fundeimes.blogspot.com CLARIFICATION "The views expressed in this research report are the sole responsibility of their (S) author (S) and the institution does not necessarily reflect the opinions issued.”
  3. 3. Fundeimes.blogspot.com CHAPTER II PARTICIPATION IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMMES RELATED TO THE ELIMINATION OF ILLITERACY 2.1. Goals and L Returned ogres, contribute towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals Relating to Training Illiteracy More than participation, Dominican Republic, through the years, it has been inserted into the universal education, with international commitments which has been included. That is why your goals and achievements are rather formulas for measuring the progress of education in the Republic, since this also contributes to educational excellence, given that commitments to institutions and countries in other regions are assumed, while commitments are being established as goals to be achieved by the Dominican education system, in order to standardize education universally, with the mechanisms established treaties and conventions that have been signed.. These international education commitments, duties have been taken as well as a political responsibility, to be established as an important benchmark to measure the impact of education programs that run efficiently. Therefore, in educational plans and programs for the period 2008 - 2013, a global education guide serve for monitoring and enforcement, and detecting the scope of such programs and the country's ability to meet its stated commitments. The World Declaration on Education for All was considered essential so universal all access to education and promoting equity, pay attention priority to learning, broadening the means and scope of basic education, improve the learning environment; strengthen coordination of actions, and realize the enormous potential for progress and increase the chances of individuals when accessing education.
  4. 4. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Educational Management Strategic Plan 2008 - 2012 In 2010 is promulgated the new constitution of the Republic, which establishes for compulsory ma pre-school education, a fact that has come to strengthen the fight against illiteracy, to look s to reach their full potential for the benefit of society to pave the way for social exclusion. Along with the above we add the commitment of the Dominican nation to the Millennium Goals, in which 189 states committed themselves to the Millennium Declaration, which was the result of a series of summits throughout the 1990s, and at the summit held in 2000 in New York, the United signed, committing to a series of targets in various fields. For this study we are interested in the goal or objective number two reads: "Achieving Universal Primary Education." From this it follows that reached the 2015 should ensure that children have completed primary education cycle. This has been improving over the years in Dominican Republic, although some obstacles, since different economic conditions have severely hit the country and governments have the resources for education are only strictly necessary to meet basic expenses in this sense, hindering the achievement of immediate goals to finally achieve this goal by 2015. However, in accordance with the Strategic Plan for Educational Management 2008 - 201 2, the Dominican Republic established in the plan, in order to reduce illiteracy was committed in the following points: i. Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children; ii. Ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls and children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to free and compulsory primary education of good quality and finish; iii. Ensuring that addressed the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and preparation for working life; iv. Increase of 2015 the number of adult literacy by 50%, especially for women, and equitable to all adults equitable access to basic education and continuing education;
  5. 5. Fundeimes.blogspot.com v. Remove the gender disparities in primary and secondary education here by 2005, and achieving gender equality in relation to education by 2015, focus on ensuring girls' full and equal access to basic education good quality and good performance; vi. Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and achieve measurable results, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills learning. To achieve these commitments at the time, countries that have signed, as the Dominican Republic also undertook to: i. Mobilize strong national and international political commitment to education for all, develop national action plans and enhance significantly investment in basic education; ii. Promote EFA policies within a sustainable and well-integrated sector activity, clearly linked to poverty elimination and development strategies; iii. Ensure the engagement and participation of civil society in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of strategies for educational development; iv. Create systems of governance and management of education to be able to react quickly, participatory and accountable; v. Meeting the needs of education systems affected by conflict, natural calamities and instability and conduct educational programs in ways that promote mutual understanding, peace and tolerance, and that help to prevent violence and conflict; vi. Implement integrated strategies for gender equality in education, based on the recognition of the need to change attitudes, values and practices; The challenges were assumed by signing the Plan of Education 2021 Iberoamericano I feel based on the following challenges: l to universal access to primary education, free secondary education, l to universalization the initial level, expanding access to higher education, and eradicate illiteracy, education for diversity and social inclusion, increase the% of GDP spent on education (6%), quality improvement, i NCORPORATION of information technology and communication ( ICT) in the education system, and improbable the teaching condition.
  6. 6. Fundeimes.blogspot.com We have to note that these plans have their reference s in many international organizations and friendly governments, which have put their grain of sand, so that the societies of the p countries of South America and the Caribbean r region, making the bound and free levels of education with schooling complements, all conjugated with the purpose of reducing illiteracy, which ultimately account s is one of the elements causing increased poverty and marginalization, their causes. Once high levels of social exclusion. Among these we can cite s body to the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture (OEI), l which has conducted many studies and has submitted projects to improve education and avoid foreclosure; the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), an organism that deep therefore the United Nations and is devoted exclusively to children around the world, therefore, is always present in all programs pertaining to education children, seeking their welfare and development. Another agency is the C Economic omission for Latin America (ECLAC), the organization contributes detailed studies and economics combined with education and presents analyzes that help strengthen educational programs and projects. The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is another organization that promotes the eradication of illiteracy, working with money to l to build infrastructure for schools. The Board of Education P popular for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEAAL), which is composed of several non-governmental organizations and the aim, is to support efforts to improve education in villages. It should also highlight the work of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which al aboard tirelessly in order of total eradication of illiteracy. Such organizations have been cooperating in Dominican Republic with a firm commitment to uphold the rights of every human being living on it. Established the following goals for achieving the objectives achieved in education, according to international commitments and participation Dominican Republic, which as mentioned above but these scopes are participation commitments. This plan comes to merge with the Ten-Year Plan 2008 - 2018, in which is given a further boost below goals for locking Educational Management Plan 2008 is - 2012. Goal: Strengthen and broaden the participation of society in the educational activity Specific goal.
  7. 7. Fundeimes.blogspot.com To increase the participation of the different social sectors, family and public and private organizations, especially those related to health services and promotion of economic, social and cultural development, and coordination in educational projects. Indicator. Number of programs involved in different social sectors and apply integrated indicator. Achievement level. Increase annually the programs involved in various social sectors and develop a territory (municipality, department, and region) in a coordinated manner, depending on the goals established by each country. Specific goal. Ensuring access and retention of all children in the school through the implementation of support programs and development of families to encourage their children stay in school. Indicator. Percent indicator. Families with socio-economic difficulties are supported to ensure the regular attendance of their children in schools. Achievement level. Get at least 30% of families are below the poverty line receive some form of financial support to ensure the holistic development of children and girls, and school attendance, and 100% in 2021. Specific goal. Strengthen the specific goal of participation of the University in initiatives aimed at improving basic education. Indicator. Indicator Percentage Universities, schools and university students in programs to support basic education. Achievement level. Increase Level of achievement each year the number of universities, schools and university students who spend some time to continuously support educational programs to at least 5% by 2015 and at least 20% by 2021. Goal: Increase opportunities and providing education to the diverse needs of students.
  8. 8. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Specific goal. Supporting inclusive education of students with special educational needs with needed supports. Indicator. Percentage Indicator students and students with special needs enrolled in regular school. Achievement level. Getting Achievement level in 2015 between 30% and 60% of students with special educational needs is integrated into the mainstream school and that between 50% and 80% is in 2021. Goal: Increase the supply of early education and enhance their educational Specific goal. Increase the offer for preschool children aged 3-5 years. Indicator. Percentage of children 3 to 5 years participating in educational programs. Achievement level. Getting between 50% and 100% of children aged 3 to 5 years receive early educational services in 2015 and receives 100% in 2021. Specific goal. Enhance specific educational goal of this stage and ensure adequate training of teachers who are responsible for it. Indicator. Indicator Percentage of educators who have the specific title of early childhood education. Achievement level. Get achievement level between 30% and 70% of teachers working with children aged 3 to 5 years have the qualifications established in 2015 and between 60% and 100% of it available in 2021. Goal: Invest more and invest better Specific goal.
  9. 9. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Increase Target specific economic effort of each country to achieve the Goals by 2021. Indicator. Development of a financing plan indicator for each country in the year 2012 for achieving the goals and update it regularly. Achievement level. Approve a plan achievement level in each country, evaluate and adapt every three years. Goal: Achieve universal primary and lower secondary education and improve its quality. Specific goal. Meta ensure specific schooling for all children in primary education and lower secondary education in satisfactory condition. Indicator. Percentage Indicator enrollment and completion of primary education. Achievement level. In 2015, the 100% achievement levels of students are enrolled in primary education and between 80% and 100% complete at the corresponding age. In 2021, over 90% of students finish primary school at the age established. Achievement level. Reach between 60% and 95% of students enrolled in basic secondary education in 2015 and between 70% and 100% in 2021. Between 40% and 80% of students complete basic secondary education by 2015, and 2021 between 60% and 90% Specific goal. Improve the provision of computers in libraries and schools. Indicator. Percentage of schools with libraries Indicator. Achievement level.
  10. 10. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Get at least 40% of the schools have school libraries in 2015 and 100% in 2021. Indicator. Ratio of students per computer display. Achievement level. Making the computer-student ratio is between 1/8 and 1/40 and 2015 and between 1/1 and 1/10 in 2021. Goal: To provide a meaningful curriculum to ensure the acquisition of basic skills for personal development and the exercise of democratic citizenship. Specific goal. Improve the level of acquisition of basic skills and fundamental knowledge by pupils and students. Indicator. Percentage Indicator students with satisfactory levels of achievement in basic skills in national and international competitions. Achievement level. Decrease between 10 and 20% in the two lower levels of performance on tests of LLECE 6th grade or school PISA and IEA involving different countries, and increase in proportion of students in both high levels in these tests. Specific goal. Enhance values education for active democratic citizenship, both in the curriculum and the organization and management of schools. Indicator. Student results in national and international studies on democratic citizenship that are made throughout the decade. Achievement level. Achieving a level of achievement improvement in results between studies conducted. Goal: To provide a meaningful curriculum to ensure the acquisition of basic skills for personal development and the exercise of democratic citizenship. Specific goal.
  11. 11. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Providing a specific curriculum that incorporates Meta reading and computer use in the teaching and learning in arts education has an important role and to stimulate interest in science among students and teachers. Indicator. Weekly reading time at different stages. Achievement level. Spend at least 3 hours of required reading in primary and 2-hour basic secondary education. Indicator. Frequency of computer use at school by students. Achievement level. Getting teachers and students to use the computer in the process of teaching and learning regularly in 2021. Indicator. Weekly time devoted to arts education in schools. Indicator. Percentage of teachers with established Art Education degree. Achievement level. Spend at least 3 hours devoted to Arts Education in Primary and Secondary Education in Basic. Indicator. Percentage of students who follow scientific or technical training in post compulsory education. Achievement level. Getting between 30% and 70% of teachers in art education in 2015 have established certification and that between 60% and 100% have it in 2021. Goal: Increase the participation of young people in upper secondary education, vocational and technical college.
  12. 12. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Specific goal. Increase the number of young people completing upper secondary education. Indicator. Percentage of students who complete upper secondary education. Achievement level. Situation completion rates of upper secondary education from 40% to 70% by 2015 and between 60% and 90% in 2021. Specific goal. Increase access to Technical and Vocational Education and the University. Indicator. Percentage of pupils from ethnic minorities, indigenous populations and Afro descendants performing ETP and university studies. Achievement level. Increase of 2% of students from ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples and Afro- descendants who access the ETP and 1% of those who reach the annual University. Goal: To promote the connection between education and employment through vocational technical education. Specific goal. Improve and adapt the design of vocational technical education in accordance with the labor demands. Indicator. Percentage of professional technical races whose curricula are designed by considering powers of labor demand. Achievement level. Between 20% and 70% vocational technical training races organized in accordance with the powers derived labor demand in 2015 and between 50% and 100% in 2021. Indicator. Percentage of students doing internships. Achievement level.
  13. 13. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Getting between 30% and 70% of students in vocational technical education run company practices or labor institutions in 2015 and that between 70% and 100% made in 2021. Above detailed several goals established in the plan Iberoamericano 2021, and were taken in the strategic plan of educational management from 2008 to 2012. 2.1.1 Effect on the frame and Social Exclusion Human Rights. It should keep in mind that e l illiterate does not have the right equipment to enable integrated into different social levels, not just as an individual (social inclusion problems, precarious work, high morbidities, etc..), But also at your household (nutrition, hygiene, health and education of children), which therefore has to expound the rest of the whole society, stimulating educational environment effects such as low performance and high costs for the health system . While textile companies, one of the sectors most present in the free zone model, are after cheap labor; and for such utilitarian purposes, has found it easy to identify who are the most marginalized and excluded from Year 41 Social Studies, Vol XL -. No. 149 April-June 2009, Justice Editorial social al and social policies, p. May. It should be noted that when the State, provided the rights of citizens literate an individual, no matter their age, significantly increases their development in human terms and as a person determined insertion, allowing you to know your rights and foothold in life. That in the end is what is sought in accordance with the covenants and agreements signed by the states and also in accordance with the Millennium Development Goals, objectives will not be achieved by Dominican Republic and other nations to the date fixed for various reasons past. Importantly, in the context of human rights, the right to education is contained more fully in Article XIII which we exposed its paragraph 1 above, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 Rights and that it was ratified the Dominican Republic and therefore, the country is bound to this covenant, and that it is defined that states parties are accountable to provide
  14. 14. Fundeimes.blogspot.com budgets, structures and regulations certifying education, thus, will decrease the illiteracy in all its form. 2.2 Overview of the Dominican Republic for Punta Cana Community International The program Responds to Be International case government policy and the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology to Promote Greater equity and growing number of low-income youth from around the country can no quality other actions, which is the center of the shares of the hedging policy and equity. Here's how the Dominican Republic is displayed in the international community,, since this scholarship program has led to younger different stratus social tees you several country clubs of the continent and European Americano, has-been of weighting is very good relative to education Dominican. With the International Scholarship Program has-been n Implemented do an EXTENSIVE process of encouraging young Dominicans to study, Regardless of geographic location or socioeconomic status of his f family, in Addition to supporting Institutions of higher education to continue its better or institutional. In Addition to this program, we not have tried to Improve the training of technicians and Dominican professionals to it adequately meet the requirements Demanded by changes in the national and international context, to create a space That Promotes lifelong learning and Accompany the country's competition Nationally and Internationally. With the MOU of February 9, 2007, the Agency for International Cooperation, Spanish Government undertook to support the esfuerzos the Dominican Republic to strengthen, specifically looking for budget support to the industry of education, towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals. This support was The One That gave impetus to the development of the plan 2008- 2018. 2.2.1 Optimism For the years 2009-2010, compared with 2008, the illiteracy rate was significantly reduced in the s rural area is both young and adult population, from 10.07% to 6.29% and 22.37% to 19.16%, respectively. Statistical Panorama - n. #
  15. 15. Fundeimes.blogspot.com 48 - monthly newsletter of the NSO Available at: http://www.one.gob.do/ (See: 2013, june 14:00... This allows intuitive r has been progress and the outlook has improved, although minimally, by the progress achieved s, and therefore, what is needed is the will to power of literacy reaches all estate s population and thus ensure the development necessary the nation, as noted in the following data on the literacy rate rural and urban. According to statistics from the Ministry of Education, in 2009 people aged 15-24 literate rural residents accounted for 95.8%, and residents in the urban area, 97.8%, unlike the 2000 levels when the gap was greater. Another way to encourage the Dominican population to achieve the eradication of illiteracy, to reduce social exclusion of this product are incentive programs for attendance, an economic benefit received by parents in order to send children and girls in schools, contributing to the primary and general continuing care. Obviously illiteracy adversely affects the quality of life of the person s, family and society, which is why we all develop s plane governments to eradicate illiteracy, in its various forms, help strengthening human development, and therefore to social inclusion. 2.2.2 Pessimism Although indicators studies in international non governess achieving established the People's Republic Dominican to have a low dropout rate, the fact remains that this has not been reflecting on learning, which has been showing in national tests that are given each year and has progressively lower levels of learning. Despite the economic growth that the country has been experiencing, education spending has been well below the percentage of most countries Hispano-American. Due to the limited budget allocation to the education line the country has struggled to achieve the fulfillment of the goals that will help meet the 2015 target d the Second Millennium, alongside the improvement of education in general, that allow lower levels of illiteracy and to the social inclusion of more citizens. Public expenditure on education stood at around 2.5% of GDP.
  16. 16. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Keep in mind that illiteracy, in any of its essential modes: absolute, practical and digital, is closely related to levels of poverty and inequality at the national level, causing a lot of social exclusion. Part of the problem is seen in that, weighs r, of the Dominican Republic to be one of the Caribbean countries with better systems of information technology and communication, many individuals in society remain s isolated digital divide, i.e., they are digital illiterates, default or also the fact that this form of education has not been touched in term s of application. This is because there are no limit government agencies and public institutions, which established centers that are dedicated to teaching the use of computers and other new technologies s. This is done in coordination and with the support of Minister of Education, which has been monitored n do these centers. A key to reducing illiteracy to a minimum and make the point that this topic cease to be part of the cause of much social exclusion, would be given the obstacles to be overcome, such as: the low development of students entering; students with learning disabilities because of their low cultural capital related to its origin, in high proportion of low socio-economic sector; Multiplicity of training curricula; mismatches between training curricula and the school curriculum; influence of daily teaching methodologies.
  17. 17. Fundeimes.blogspot.com REFERENCES Libros Cruz, S. y de la Cruz, M. (2012). La Globalización y su Incidencia en los Derechos Humanos en la República Dominicana en el Período 2006- 2011.(Trabajo de investigación para optar por el título de Especialista en Derechos Humanos y Derecho Internacional Humanitario, Escuela de Graduados en Derechos Humanos y Derecho Internacional Humanitario). García y Sánchez.(2009), Estudio Cualitativo de la Investigación Sobre Analfabetismo Funcional en México.Universidad Pedagógica Nacional de México. Hernández Sampieri, Roberto (2010). Metodología de la Investigación. México, D. F., MC Graw Hill, 5ta edición. Jabonero y Rivero (2009). Alfabetización y Educación Básica de Jóvenes y Adultos. Madrid, España, OEI, Fundación Santillana. Jiménez Castillo, Juan (2004). La Investigación Sobre el Analfabetismo Funcional. Estado Actual del Concepto.Departamento de Inspección Educativa (Islas Baleares). Made Serrano, Nicolás. (2009). Diccionario de Metodología de la Investigación Científica. Santo Domingo Este, República Dominicana, Impresora Soto Castillo.
  18. 18. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Made Serrano, Nicolás. (2009). Metodología de la Investigación Científica, Santo Domingo Este, República Dominicana, Impresora Soto Castillo, 2da Edición. Rassol, N. (1999). Literacy for sustainable development in the age of information.Philadelphia, E. U. A. Real Academia Española (2001). Diccionario de la Lengua Española, España, 22va Edición. Rodríguez Espinal, Luis S. (2006), Metodología para la investigación y Redacción Científica, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. Informes, documentos gubernamentales y Trabajos de Investigaciones Cumbre Mundial sobre la Sociedad de la Información, sobre la Promoción del Conocimiento las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación en los Países de América Latina y el Caribe. (2003). Declaración de Bávaro. Republica Dominicana. Los caminos hacia una sociedad de la información en América Latina y el Caribe. Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL). Naciones Unidas. Comisión Económica Para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL). (2012). Innovar en Educación: un aporte a la equidad. Santiago de Chile. Republica Dominicana.Secretaria de Estado de Educación de la. (2010). Metas Educativas, Consulta Nacional 2010. Santo Domingo. Secretaria de Estado de Educación, Republica Dominicana.(2009). Plan Estratégico Nacional 2008-2018. Santo Domingo.
  19. 19. Fundeimes.blogspot.com Secretaria de Estado de Educación, Republica Dominicana. (2009). Programa Patria Letrada. Santo Domingo. Sierra, R. (2012). Propuesta para optimizar la capacidad operativa y la versatilidad del Escuadrón de Rescate en cumplimiento a las misiones de la Fuerza Aérea Dominicana, mediante la adquisición de aeronaves multimotor, a partir del año 2014.(Trabajo de investigación para optar por el título de Especialista en Comando y Estado Mayor Aéreo, Escuela de Graduados Estudios Aeronáuticos). UNESCO,Oficina Regional de Educación para América Latina y el Caribe. (2009). Impacto Social y Económico del Analfabetismo: Modelo de Análisis y Estudio Piloto. Santiago de Chile. Veras, D. y Pérez, J. (2012). Impacto Social del Acceso a Los Recursos Tecnológicos para los Derechos Humanos en el Distrito Nacional, República Dominicana, caso: La Libre Expresión en el Internet Durante el Período de 2008-2011. (Trabajo de investigación para optar por el título de Especialista en Derechos Humanos y Derecho Internacional Humanitario, Escuela de Graduados en Derechos Humanos y Derecho Internacional Humanitario). Medios electrónicos http//www.alegsa.com.ar/Dic/tecnología.php. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultadospreliminares/Informe_Resultados_Prelimin ares.pdf. http://constitucion.soydominicano.net/63/articulo.html. http://www.educando.edu.do/articulos/docente/modificaciones-a-la-constitucion- dominicana/.
  20. 20. Fundeimes.blogspot.com http//www.elnuevodiario.com.do/app/article.aspx?id=167565. http://hoy.com.do/el-pais/2012/9/11/445988/Analfabetismo-Republica-Dominicana- el-Sur-con-mas-tasas-de-ahi-su. http://www.oei.es/metas2021/ALFABET.pdf. http://www.one.gob.do. http://www. Unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001374/137448so.pdf. http://ww.elnacional.com.do/.../2012/.../Buscan-reducir-el-analfabetismo-en-. http://www.hoy.com.do/.../2012/.../Entidades-ayudan-reducir-el-analfabetismo... http://www.visionmundial.org.do/visionmundial.php?id=737. http://www.un.org.es.millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG_Report_2010_SP.pdf. La Alfabetización Digital: una herramienta para alcanzar el desarrollo y la equidad en los países de América Latina y el Caribe. Disponible en: http://www.bvs.sld.cu/revistas/aci/vol13 1 05/aci04105.htm. (Consulta: 2013, septiembre. 12:00) http://definicion.de/www/#ixzz2hjYps5tJ. (Consulta: 2013, octubre 14, 17:26) Periódicos El Caribe, jueves 12 de septiembre de 2013. Página 14.

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