WHITE PAPER FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. BY: COMMANDER ELVIS ABREU ENCARNACION, ARD, (DEMN)
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WHITE PAPER FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. BY: COMMANDER ELVIS ABREU ENCARNACION, ARD, (DEMN)

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What is the White Paper on Defense and National Security? ...

What is the White Paper on Defense and National Security?
The origin of the term white book, comes from the English culture, a parliamentary source documents such as reports or announcements of certain state policies were named as white paper, an example of this was that during the rule of England over Palestine created 3 white books cited as historical fact that in 1948 the British government published a White Paper restricting Jewish immigration and offering independence for Palestine within 10 years of publication.
. White papers are official publications, where the government sets out a proposed policy or course of action on an issue of national interest, this book may be, according to the English doctrine, a query to the details of a new legislative proposal and expresses the intention to clear and transparent form of government to pass new legislation.

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    WHITE PAPER FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. BY: COMMANDER ELVIS ABREU ENCARNACION, ARD, (DEMN) WHITE PAPER FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. BY: COMMANDER ELVIS ABREU ENCARNACION, ARD, (DEMN) Document Transcript

    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com A WHITE PAPER FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. BY: COMMANDER ELVIS ABREU ENCARNACION, ARD, (DEMN) What is the White Paper on Defense and National Security? The origin of the term white book, comes from the English culture, a parliamentary source documents such as reports or announcements of certain state policies were named as white paper, an example of this was that during the rule of England over Palestine created 3 white books cited as historical fact that in 1948 the British government published a White Paper restricting Jewish immigration and offering independence for Palestine within 10 years of publication. . White papers are official publications, where the government sets out a proposed policy or course of action on an issue of national interest, this book may be, according to the English doctrine, a query to the details of a new legislative proposal and expresses the intention to clear and transparent form of government to pass new legislation. Also known as "reference documents" may simply propose a strategy to be applied to the details of other legislation in the same way can be used to display approaches to the aspirations of the government on plans and projects of short and medium term, in this case we refer to a White Paper for National Defense. Today Latin America indict their resources and made great efforts to create conditions for development at all levels, from a programmatic and organized manner; an important tool available to these states in the region is the White Paper on National Defense; This is a public document that reflects the state of the legal system, politics posed the concept for the security, defense and development of
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com the country and national interests, to show graphically as has proliferated the application of this instrument in Latin America presents this table. Argentina - White Paper on National Defense (1999) - Defense Review (2001) Currently, the Ministry of Defense is working on a new revision. Bolivia White Paper on Defense (2005). Brazil It has a National Defense Policy approved by Decree No. 5,484 of June 30, 2005. Colombia There is a state policy in the defense sector is the Defense Policy and Democratic Security (2003). Chile - Paper on National Defense (1997). - Paper on National Defense (2002). Ecuador Defense Policy of Ecuador (2002). El Salvador - Has the document "The Republic of El Salvador: national defense and its armed forces ", 2004 (first production intended for later To issue a White Paper) and a document entitled "The Salvadoran nation defense, security and development" (1998). Guatemala - National Defense Policy of the Republic of Guatemala (2003). - Paper on National Defense of the Republic of Guatemala (2005). Honduras White Paper on Defense (2006). Mexico White Paper on Defense (2005). Nicaragua White Paper on Defense (2004). Paraguay White Paper on Defense (2013). Peru White Paper on Defense (2005). Dominican Republic In foreclosure defense white paper Uruguay "The National Defense: contributions to a debate," 2005 and another entitled "Basis for a National Defense Policy" (1999). Venezuela Organic Law on Security and Defense (1976), (2002) Source: Dr. Sonia Winer (2013), Defense and Security Policy in Latin Stage; RESDAL Publication, (2009). EL White Paper presents among other things, the strategic policy framework for defense planning in an expanded concept, with a medium-term perspective, it is therefore important that the Dominican Republic, in the process it is mired in regarding the modernization of the legal framework governing the armed forces, establish the need for tailor its White Paper for National Defense. Dominican Republic is developing wills aimed at establishing its policy regarding the concept of security and defense, example is the modification made to the Organic Law of the Armed Forces, contained in Law No. 139-13 September 13 2013, this change affects the concept in several respects, for example in its preamble states that "the State in its effort to ensure its own security and defense should focus its military corps to change their structure and functions so that they can be integrated to efforts that seek to protect the local environment overall
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com regional, hemispheric and "; also notes in its fifth recital that "the Ministry of the Armed Forces, an instance of the executive branch has expanded the scope of its traditional performance, happening to have agencies with missions related to security and national development" and the very essence of name the law in its 3rd article. Change the name to Ministry of Defense (MEAS) ministry responsible for the direction and overall conduct of the armed forces; likewise provides in Article 4to. Numeral 13 is the MEASURED establishment of the state, responsible for implementing security policies and defense of the country. Another point of Law No. 139-13, which directly affects the security and defense concept is that in Chapter II, Section I, Article 8 (Mission of the ground force), as paragraph 10 states: "Ensure , control and defend the land border from the threat that threatens national security interests or that may affect the Dominican cultural identity ", this specific numeral shows, without mentioning it directly, generating concern and importance is given to the issue of illegal immigration, as an element affecting state security and national cultural identity. Result of this effort by the State, the Directive was drawn Security and National Defense by Presidential Decree No. 189-07 dated April 3, 2007, which stated in Article III, paragraph 1) Definition and Identification of the National Objectives; in paragraph 2) Adoption of a Law on National Security and Defense; and in paragraph 4) Publication of the Book of Defense, which agrees as follows: "Vision and national perspectives of the defense and the features and application of the concept of national security policy will be defined." It's time for the Dominican Republic expedite the process of achieving the provisions of the directive, in order to continue the reorganization of its security and defense, based on new and existing models, thus translating into black and white your position on the regional strategic environment; his role in the same face to the times; various international cooperation agreements it has signed the Dominican State, as well as the position in the framework of its policy to protect national interests.
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com It is public knowledge that in line with the current reality of the country, as archipelagic state recently declared by Act No. 66-07; promulgated on May 22, 2007; national interests in relation to the exclusive economic zone and the Dominican territorial waters, have expanded considerably, creating an adverse diplomatic situation with neighboring countries, which calls to take an official position regarding this case, which , should be reflected in the book referred to in this manner clearly publishing the country's position and so ventilate such cases the relevant international forums. Regarding strategic area of Dominican Republic, both for its geographical position and its economic significance to the region, the country will have to make official positions against their interests and agreements it has signed, taking care not putting any interest above the national. The Dominican government should review its position on the case of globalization, which brings changes in all aspects, as this phenomenon progresses keeping the country in a situation of asymmetric growth means that economic growth is not balanced or among nations and among its citizens. The result of these processes is manifested in the emergence of new regional poles of economic and ideological nature, in this situation the strategic landscape will tend to change based on national interests and geographical environment, taking clear that the hegemonic countries will pressure for their interests in the region, therefore the Dominican government should stop embodied in that book, its strategic position on the bilateral and multilateral relations in the region, as important as issues are: a) Diplomacy; b) Economics; c) Migration; d) Defense; e) Military Cooperation; f) Boundary Situation; g) Cooperation and Exchange of Industrial Technology; h) Foreign Trade, among others. Today seen as the functional structure of the state is affected by the political and economic decisions taken by the government in different orders, often in response to pressure from international nongovernmental organizations cut (NGOs), the performance of these and the new context created by their agendas, ultimately generating a porous borders both physical and virtual, which influences the pyramidal structure of the state and also in the cultural identity of the nation.
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com Despite some changes in the absolute meaning of the concept of sovereignty, influenced by the current reality of the interests of the hegemonic countries and the accession to international treaties, the state remains the central actor and instrumental relationships of power in international forums and not (NGOs), which operated in the international arena, so the country must adapt to the new conditions set by the geostrategic reality, without losing sight of its intention, its national interests and right it to self-determination. The political context and current diplomatic, creating what is now referred to as border porosity which influences the customs and traditions of national culture transforming their structure result of the influence of uncontrolled immigration and globalized media that serve channel for the bombardment of information, which is aimed at weakening the position of Dominican Republic against migrant diplomats from other players in the international theater interests, placing both the Dominican State and members of their society, in a sensitive position due to the action of the new forms of threats and risks to the global world. The consolidation of political and economic structure of Dominican Republic, poses to the community and the CARICOM countries in the Central American and South American community of nations, a positive factor in the context of regional cooperation, and that the Dominican state represents a value aggregate that has to do with its geopolitical importance in the region. The consolidation referred to in the preceding paragraph, is reflected in a greater capacity for dialogue on equal terms to Dominican Republic in regional forums, this results in equilibrium at the time of decision making in the international order, paving the way for cooperation on regional and individual security; Hence the importance of the preparation of the defense white paper, published to leave policies and strategies both comprehensive development and defense. The White Paper on National Defense, will be a tool, without having the force of law, act as an official manual nature that efficient and clarify the role of Dominican Republic on stage that corresponds to power in the pursuit of national interests to adverse situations, problems remaining fruit of past situations and new dangers.
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com Although since the geographical context and immigration the country is established by current laws and signed international agreements in the past, it is vital that they are highlighted in detail in the White Paper on National Defense, with special care and detail in maritime delimitation the which after the declaration of archipelagic state by the Dominican Republic, has put the country on roads found with the interests of other nations friends and neighbors, as well as emphasize the importance for the country, the issue of illegal immigration, which constitutes an element that has a negative impact on the security of the State. Also should be left set of factors such as birth and death of the population and population density by region, etc.., Terrestrial and maritime border territorial limits as political structure, economic and productive characteristics of the regions and essential factor of the environment in different ecosystems, for which the Defense White Paper should be fed to existing legislation and official publications that address these issues. In order of new threats facing countries today, are among others, terrorism, fundamentalism, proliferation of chemical and nuclear weapons, smuggling, illegal migration, drug trafficking, environmental destruction by pollution among others, all these or most of the threats mentioned can be summarized in one concept, organized crime, illicit activities such states categorized as threats to the national security so requires special measures both the prosecution and prevention of these, both internally and in the field of international cooperation. These threats, some of them never before faced by the states, cause effects on the security and defense of the same, leading them to create legal provisions and the internal repression, as well as multilateral cooperation mechanisms to combat these scourges therefore Defense White Paper should bring all these threatening elements content and raise its policy of addressing these, an example would expose the country in this book his refusal against the proliferation of chemical and nuclear weapons, or no support for the intervention or armed aggression on sovereign countries as established by the Dominican constitution in Chapter I, Article 3 which refers to "The inviolability of sovereignty and non-intervention principle."
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com There is now a widespread perception of decreased chances of an armed conflict of a global nature, whether nuclear or conventional; Now there is a proliferation global conflict focused on a framework of regional or local insecurity and unforeseen crises appearing announced by signs of tension, sometimes the difficulty of interpreting these signs that precede conflicts prevented from taking measures to avoid the outbreak of the same, now the Dominican Republic presents some indicators of stress related to immigration. In this regard it is noted that after the publication by the Constitutional Court of the Dominican Amparo Judgment No. 168-13, the international community took a leading role to become a tool in order to pressure the Dominican government that the unknown application of its laws to thereby accommodate the desires and interests other than its own. This incident also created within the CARICOM, where members of the press to punish conclave Dominican Republic preventing this from becoming a full member of this forum, also has begun an aggressive campaign seeking even the country is withdraw the benefits of coming under the umbrella of the Petrocaribe agreement and demonstrated that the migration issue should be focused on the White Paper on Defense and national security issue as presented by the Law 139-13, Organic Law of the Armed Forces Chapter II, Section I, Article 8 in item 10 (Mission of the ground force), and that this issue threatens to topics as crucial as it is the fuel and international cooperation. In conclusion the Defense White Paper is an important tool as a tool for medium- term planning for both the security and defense of the State and the development of the country which has become law without legal basis to be a document of strategic level which transparently plasma facing countries in the region and the world national interests and the official position of the country on issues that could lead to conflicts with diplomatic status in the regional context.
    • Fundeimes.blogspot.com References:  Constitución de la República Dominicana, proclamada el 26 de enero, Publicada en la Gaceta Oficial No. 10561, del 26 de enero de 2010.  Ley Orgánica de las Fuerzas Armadas de República Dominicana, No. 139-13 del 13 de septiembre de2013.  Ley No. 66-07 que declara la República Dominicana como Estado Archipelágico.  Texto de una gestión conjunta realizada el 18 de octubre de 2007 por el Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte y los Estados Unidos de América en relación con la ley de República Dominicana número 66-07, de 22 de mayo de 2007.  Libro Blanco de la Defensa Nacional del Perú.  Libro Blanco de la República de Argentina.  Decreto Presidencial No. 189-07 de fecha 3 de Abril del 2007.  Sentencia TC/0168/13.  Karla Santaella (2012), Seguridad y Defensa Nacional.