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Camera angles


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  • 1. G.C.S.E. FILM STUDIES Camera Angles/Movements Recap
  • 3. Extreme Wide Shot The view is so far from the subject that he isn't even visible. Often used as an establishing shot.
  • 4. Very Wide Shot The subject is visible (barely), but the emphasis is still on placing him in his environment.
  • 5. Wide Shot The subject takes up the full frame, or at least as much as comfortably possible.
  • 6. Mid Shot Shows some part of the subject in more detail while still giving an impression of the whole subject.
  • 7. Medium Close Up Half way between a mid shot and a close up.
  • 8. Close Up A certain feature or part of the subject takes up the whole frame.
  • 9. Extreme Close Up The ECU gets right in and shows extreme detail.
  • 10. Cut In Shows some (other) part of the subject in detail.
  • 11. Cutaway A shot of something other than the subject.
  • 12. Two Shot A shot of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot.
  • 13. Over The Shoulder Shot Looking from behind a person at the subject.
  • 14. Point Of View Shot Shows a view from the subject's perspective.
  • 15. Weather Shot The subject is the weather. Can be used for other purposes, e.g. background for graphics.
  • 17. Arc An arc shot is a camera move around the subject, somewhat like a tracking shot. In mathematics, an arc is a segment of the circumference of a circle. A camera arc is similar - the camera moves in a rough semi-circle around the subject.
  • 18. Crab The term crabbing shot is a less-common version of tracking, trucking and/or dollying. These terms are more or less interchangeable, although dollying tends to mean in-and-out movement whereas the others tend to mean side-to-side movement at a constant distance from the action.
  • 19. Dolly A dolly is a cart which travels along tracks. The camera is mounted on the dolly and records the shot as it moves. Dolly shots have a number of applications and can provide very dramatic footage. A dolly shot is also known as a tracking shot or trucking shot. However some professionals prefer the more rigid terminology which defines dolly as in-andout movement (i.e. closer/further away from the subject), while tracking means side-to-side movement.
  • 20. Dolly Zoom A dolly zoom is a cinematic technique in which the camera moves closer or further from the subject while simultaneously adjusting the zoom angle to keep the subject the same size in the frame. The effect is that the subject appears stationary while the background size changes (this is called perspective distortion). The exact effect depends on the direction of camera movement. If the camera moves closer, the background seems to grow and become dominant. If the camera moves further away, the foreground subject is emphasized and becomes dominant • The dolly zoom is also known as: • Hitchcock zoom • Vertigo zoom or vertigo effect • Jaws shot • Trombone shot • Zolly or zido • Telescoping • Contra-zoom • Reverse tracking • Zoom in/dolly out (or vice versa) •
  • 21. Follow The Follow shot is fairly self-explanatory. It simply means that the camera follows the subject or action. The following distance is usually kept more or less constant. The movement can be achieved by dollying or tracking, although in many cases a Steadicam is the most practical option. Handheld follow-shots are quite achievable in many situations but are not generally suited to feature film cinematography.
  • 22. Pedestal A pedestal shot means moving the camera vertically with respect to the subject. This is often referred to as "pedding" the camera up or down.
  • 23. JIB / Crane • A camera attached to either a jib or a crane making a physical movement of the camera often to great heights.
  • 24. Pan A pan is a horizontal camera movement in which the camera moves left and right about a central axis. This is a swivelling movement, i.e. mounted in a fixed location on a tripod or shoulder, rather than a dolly-like movement in which the entire mounting system moves.
  • 25. Tilt A tilt is a vertical camera movement in which the camera points up or down from a stationary location. For example, if you mount a camera on your shoulder and nod it up and down, you are tilting the camera.
  • 26. Tracking The term tracking shot is widely considered to be synonymous with dolly shot; that is, a shot in which the camera is mounted on a cart which travels along tracks. However there are a few variations of both definitions. Tracking is often more narrowly defined as movement parallel to the action, or at least at a constant distance (e.g. the camera which travels alongside the race track in track & field events). Dollying is often defined as moving closer to or further away from the action.
  • 27. Trucking Trucking is basically the same as tracking or dollying. Although it means slightly different things to different people, it generally refers to side-to-side camera movement with respect to the action. The term trucking is not uncommon but is less widely-used than dollying or tracking. Yet another equivalent term is crabbing.
  • 28. Zooming A zoom is technically not a camera move as it does not require the camera itself to move at all. Zooming means altering the focal length of the lens to give the illusion of moving closer to or further away from the action. The effect is not quite the same though. Zooming is effectively magnifying a part of the image, while moving the camera creates a difference in perspective — background objects appear to change in relation to foreground objects. This is sometimes used for creative effect in the dolly zoom.