Nude Descending a Staircase | Marcel Duchamp | 1912
LHOOQ | Marcel Duchamp | 1919
Fountain | Marcel Duchamp | 1917
1960s Media ArtFluxus, the Situationists and the Society of the Spectacle
Yoko Ono, “Cut Piece,” 1964
Yoko Ono, Eyeblink, 1966
(you can see all of these films on UbuWeb – www.ubu.com/film)
The Situationists – Situationist International magazine, 1957 – informed by Dada and Surrealism – advocated the suppression of art– critique of capitalist society and division of producers and consumers – close to anarchists in disdain for bureaucracy and authoritarian structures
Guy Debord – wrote “The Society of the Spectacle” in 1967 – life has been reduced to spectacle – we exist in a state of alienation– modern capitalist society is a society of consumption and meaningless drudgery – capitalist creation of “pseudo-needs” – solution? Reinvent life!
Key terms: derivepsychogeography detournement
dérive “In a dérive one or more persons during a certain perioddrop their relations, their work and leisure activities, and alltheir other usual motives for movement and action, and let themselves be drawn by the attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find there.” – the flow of acts and encounters
psychogeography“They look at the city as a special instance of repressed desires.”
detournement “Ultimately, any sign is susceptible to conversion into something else, even its opposite.” – re-routing events and images – An artistic technique in which works of art or massculture (comics, film, ads, etc.) are reworked or placed in new contexts to subvert their original meaning.