Flow                RedundancyNodes        Paths
Design Idea                   networks  Nodes                       Paths     Redundancy                   FlowFirst Princ...
for loop 1,                                                                                                               ...
for loop 1,                                                                                                               ...
horizontal influence        vertical influence                                                 point                      ...
•	 structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure                                     •	 buildings ...
Med                                          ium                                                Flow                      ...
Medium Flow                                                                  Medium Flow                                  ...
M ed    ium                                                                                                               ...
High Flow                                                        t                                                      ke...
High Flow                                                                                 Low Flow                        ...
Plan   Perspective
Plan   Perspective
Plan   Perspective
•	 structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure                                                  ...
Translation + Synthesis              Integrating Structural              and Spatial Networks           •	 structural/path...
Loop 2                            networks  Design Idea                      Nodes                       Paths            ...
for loop 2,                                                                                                               ...
for loop 2,                                                                                                           ente...
for loop 2,                                                                                             enter hereTranslat...
Multi-National City: New YorkArchitects: Martin/Baxi ArchitectsLocation: New York City, World Trade Centre Site   •	 Propo...
Parc de la VilletteArchitect: Berbard Tschumi Architects (BTA)Location: Paris. 125 acres(55 hectares) Quai de I’Oise x Bou...
Nodes and Paths1:1 Design Part 2                                                                                          ...
Redundancy and                   Indeterminance Test       Sticks & Bricks Model                                          ...
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Group 9 Architectural Iterative Research Cycles on Networks
BSI AMDI Presentation
Fall 2012

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NodesPathsFlowRedundancy

  1. 1. Flow RedundancyNodes Paths
  2. 2. Design Idea networks Nodes Paths Redundancy FlowFirst Principle:How can multiple networks (spatial, urban, structural)be integrated in a design?
  3. 3. for loop 1, enter here • structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure • buildings direct flow reducing pathway redundancy but forming “space” • strategic placement of structural members / location of stands reflect the strength of the over all system as well as the individual members Translation + Synthesis Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks Redundancy and Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model• flow rate (of customers) have a direct correlation to node (stall) growth (number of customers).• critical mass (of stands/customers) creates positive redundancy• location and function of a node will affect the success of sur- • multiple paths/columns adds redundant strength rounding nodes • a system is only as good as its connections • failure is immanent when horizontal member is comprised • with each removal, something is in fact lost. Nodes and Flow Farmers Market Study 1 Paths Test Tool Path Study • redundancy is dependant on conditions of addition and subtraction • subtraction for addition: tools removes material in order to join • guided paths travel parallel to guide path of least resistance • unguided paths are undetermined until reading edge or guide
  4. 4. for loop 1, enter here Redundancy and • structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model • buildings direct flow reducing pathway redundancy but forming “space” • strategic placement of structural members / location of stands reflect the strength of the over all system as well as the individual members Translation + Synthesis Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks • multiple paths/columns adds redundant strength • a system is only as good as its connections• flow rate (of customers) have a direct correlation to node (stall) growth (number of customers). • failure is immanent when horizontal member is comprised• critical mass (of stands/customers) creates positive redundancy• location and function of a node will affect the success of sur- • with each removal, something is in fact lost. rounding nodes Nodes and Flow Farmers Market Study 1 Paths Test Tool Path Study • redundancy is dependant on conditions of addition and subtraction • subtraction for addition: tools removes material in order to join • guided paths travel parallel to guide path of least resistance • unguided paths are undetermined until reading edge or guide
  5. 5. horizontal influence vertical influence point node no guides - meandering path to edge path runs parallel to guide
  6. 6. • structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure • buildings direct flow reducing pathway redundancy but forming “space” • strategic placement of structural members / location of stands reflect the strength of the over all system as well as the individual members Translation + Synthesis Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks Redundancy and Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model• flow rate (of customers) have a direct correlation to node (stall) growth (number of customers).• critical mass (of stands/customers) creates positive redundancy• location and function of a node will affect the success of sur- • multiple paths/columns adds redundant strength rounding nodes • a system is only as good as its connections • failure is immanent when horizontal member is comprised • with each removal, something is in fact lost. Nodes and Flow Farmers Market Study 1 Paths Test Tool Path Study • redundancy is dependant on conditions of addition and subtraction • subtraction for addition: tools removes material in order to join • guided paths travel parallel to guide path of least resistance • unguided paths are undetermined until reading edge or guide
  7. 7. Med ium Flow Cos m Hon an and e W Th Mar y _ Spe hidden e ket ciali Tot Cak Tota zed al p e L l peo eo ady d ple _ ple _ Foo 10 _ 1 Foo a_ 0 5 d ndi 2 of I ple _ ys eo Ra l p a Hi gh Tot Sha n Flo w Tota i’s Farm Med l pe ium ople _ Mar Flow _3 ket Cre pAl Tota erie Mote l pe ople bile _ F re d _4 ood pa th ba se d on st al li nf lu en ce High Flow
  8. 8. Medium Flow Medium Flow JB Soda _ Drin ks Total People _1 2 The Main Squeeze_ Drinks Total People _ 8 Mary’s African Cuisine _ Food Total People _1 1 High Flow High Flow Alt ere dp athWrap so D Catering _ Food ba sed StairsTotal People _ 2 on sta Low Flow ll in flu en ce
  9. 9. M ed ium ow Flo Fl gh w Hi Ea He s p To t Co Tot py’s tal a al P Pie Pe st Fa eop Lad op le mily le _ y _1 10 6 Ma rke t_ Ma rke t Ro To se ta La l P ne eo F pl arm e_ 16 _ M ark et e c en nflu li al st ow on Fl gh s ed Hi ba th pa d re Alte
  10. 10. High Flow t ke ar _M r m 8 Fa _ st ple re o illc l Pe H ta To Sea Blooms _ Specialized Market Total People _ 10Medium Flow High FlowAltered path based on stall influence
  11. 11. High Flow Low Flow Pasture Hill Farm _ Market Total People _ 3 Cheelin Express _ Food Total People _ 12 Noggins Corner Farm _ Market Total People _ 15Medium Flow High FlowAltered path based on stall influence
  12. 12. Plan Perspective
  13. 13. Plan Perspective
  14. 14. Plan Perspective
  15. 15. • structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure • buildings direct flow reducing pathway redundancy but forming “space” • strategic placement of structural members / location of stands reflect the strength of the over all system as well as the individual members Translation + Synthesis Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks Redundancy and Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model Nodes and Flow • • • • multiple paths/columns adds redundant strength a system is only as good as its connections failure is immanent when horizontal member is comprised with each removal, something is in fact lost. Farmers Market Study 1 Paths Test Tool Path Study • redundancy is dependant on conditions of addition and subtraction • subtraction for addition: tools removes material in order to joinNetwork Conclusions across Market and Model tests:• flow rate (of customers) have a direct correlation to the node (stall) growth (number of customers).• nodes that engages the senses will attract more customers• location and function of a node will affect the success of surrounding nodes.• the pauses caused by people can create new pathway in the market• when the moving circulation approaches the paused area, the circulation tends to bend away from it or gets trapped by it’s effect• areas with a history of pauses will continuously repeat itself
  16. 16. Translation + Synthesis Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks • structural/pathway redundancy added in case of partial system failure • buildings direct flow reducing pathway redundancy but forming “space” • strategic placement of structural members / location of stands reflect the strength of the over all system as well as the individual members Redundancy and Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model • flow rate (of customers) have a direct correlation to node (stall) growth (number of customers). • critical mass (of stands/customers) creates positive redundancy • location and function of a node will affect the success of sur- • multiple paths/columns adds redundant strength rounding nodes • a system is only as good as its connections • failure is immanent when horizontal member is comprised • with each removal, something is in fact lost. Nodes and Flow Farmers Market Study 1 Paths Test Tool Path Study • redundancy is dependant on conditions of addition and subtraction • subtraction for addition: tools removes material in order to join • guided paths travel parallel to guide path of least resistance • unguided paths are undetermined until reading edge or guide
  17. 17. Loop 2 networks Design Idea Nodes Paths Redundancy Flow Revised Question: What are the bare essentials in a network? Using a minimum set of components: two paths and node, explore a set of essential relationships.What is a node? What is an obstruction? How do you create a new path and make others fails?
  18. 18. for loop 2, enter hereTranslation + Synthesis • designed and built three 1:1 node components • assembled on front lawn • rearranged positions to explore node and path definition • secondary sources: Tschumi, van Eyck, Vortex research Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks 1:1 Design Part 1 Nodes and Paths 1:1 Design Part 2 • site: Medjuck front lawn as study zone • existing nodes: buildings, trees, benches, etc. • paths: map informal and formal • consider “tool” path in design • massing study with light• human nodes obstruct established flow path• when node scales up, it splits into two or three nodes and new paths form in between• sometimes visual and aural connections between human Obstructions Test nodes create enough of a barrier to block a path and strengthen a node Farmers Market Study 2
  19. 19. for loop 2, enter here Integrating StructuralTranslation + Synthesis and Spatial Networks 1:1 Design Part 1 • designed and built three 1:1 node components • assembled on front lawn • rearranged positions to explore node and path definition • secondary sources: Tschumi, van Eyck, Vortex research • site: Medjuck front lawn as study zone • existing nodes: buildings, trees, benches, etc. • paths: map informal and formal Nodes and Paths • consider “tool” path in design 1:1 Design Part 2 • massing study with light• human nodes obstruct established flow path• when node scales up, it splits into two or three nodes and new paths form in between• sometimes visual and aural connections between human Obstructions Test nodes create enough of a barrier to block a path and strengthen a node Farmers Market Study 2
  20. 20. for loop 2, enter hereTranslation + Synthesis • designed and built three 1:1 node components • assembled on front lawn • rearranged positions to explore node and path definition • secondary sources: Tschumi, van Eyck, Vortex research Integrating Structural and Spatial Networks 1:1 Design Part 1 Nodes and Paths 1:1 Design Part 2 • site: Medjuck front lawn as study zone • existing nodes: buildings, trees, benches, etc. • paths: map informal and formal • consider “tool” path in design • massing study with light Obstructions Test Farmers Market Study 2 • human nodes obstruct established flow path • when node scales up, it splits into two or three nodes and new paths form in between • sometimes visual and aural connections between human nodes create enough of a barrier to block a path and strengthen a node
  21. 21. Multi-National City: New YorkArchitects: Martin/Baxi ArchitectsLocation: New York City, World Trade Centre Site • Proposal for the World Trade Centre competition in 2003. • A memorial for the victims of the 9/11 World Trade Centre event.Concept: • The design increased the total built area of the site from 15 million square foot to 24 million square foot. • The height of each floor varied algorithmically to represent a barcode-like section. • The total height of the new towers matched the height of the original tow- ers of 1360 feet. At the top of this tripod supported a stack of 20 ground zero sites. With a park on top. • Ground: o At the street level, spirals ramps at the foot of each tower would descend in the massive parking lots. o Looking up for the ground at the hovering surface above, one would find the foot prints of the original tower which are formed by two upside-down voids. The glow of this horizontal surface framed the original locations of where the towers used to be. • The Vortices o Shooting through the centre of each tower is a cylindrical, structural void, a hole instead of an atrium that opened to the sky. o Around its perimeter are glass elevators that would travel from the garage, PATH. and subway to the sky lobby. o From there commuters, tourist, shoppers, and residents could trav- el to other floors or up to the park above.BiliographyMartin, Reinhold. And Kadambari Baxi. Multi-National City. Architectural Itinerar-ies. Barcelona: Actar, 2007.Martin/Baxi Architects. “Multi-Nation City: New York” Accessed November 19,2012. http://www.martinbaxi.com/.
  22. 22. Parc de la VilletteArchitect: Berbard Tschumi Architects (BTA)Location: Paris. 125 acres(55 hectares) Quai de I’Oise x Boulevard Périplhérique • Parc de la Villette is located on the largest parks in Paris. • A manifestation of Tschumi’s writing and theory on architectural deconstruc- tivism focused on space, movement, and event. Concept, • • The follies (nodes) work together to navigate the user through the parks area. • The bright red cladding allows the user identify their placement on the landscape and used to unify their relationship. However, each of the follies function differently. • The components are organized and linked together by a grid and sometimes physically tied together by bridges and structure. • While some follies are not physically attached to each other, they still achieve invisible links. • Circulation is both determined and arbitrary. o Although tied together by the parks walkway, the curious look- ing follies not only draws circulation to them, but around and within them too.BibliographyHardingham, Samantha. and Kester Rattenbury. Bernard Tschumi: Parc de la Vil-lette. New York, Routledge. 2012.Wordpress: Nathanssu. “Defining Hybird” Accessed November 19, 2012. http://nathanssu.wordpress.com/2012/02/17/defining-hybrid-precedent-studies/
  23. 23. Nodes and Paths1:1 Design Part 2 for loop 2, enter hereTranslation + Synthesis • designed and built three 1:1 node components • assembled on front lawn • rearranged positions to explore node and path definition Integrating Structural • secondary sources: Tschumi, van Eyck, Vortex research and Spatial Networks 1:1 Design Part 1 • site: Medjuck front lawn as study zone • existing nodes: buildings, trees, benches, etc. • paths: map informal and formal • consider “tool” path in design • massing study with light • human nodes obstruct established flow path • when node scales up, it splits into two or three nodes and new paths form in between • sometimes visual and aural connections between human Obstructions Test nodes create enough of a barrier to block a path and strengthen a node Farmers Market Study 2
  24. 24. Redundancy and Indeterminance Test Sticks & Bricks Model Nodes and Flow Farmers Market Integrating Structural Study 1 and Spatial Networks 1:1 Design Part 1 Nodes and Paths Obstructions Test 1:1 Design Part 2 Farmers Market Study 2Integrated Aperiodic Multi-threaded Design Iterations

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