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New Learning Communities



NMSU College of Extended Learning has integrated the concepts of learning ecosystems, connectivism, and bioteams to establish a framework for integrating course management systems, Web 2.0 tools, and ...

NMSU College of Extended Learning has integrated the concepts of learning ecosystems, connectivism, and bioteams to establish a framework for integrating course management systems, Web 2.0 tools, and social networks with new learning skills and contexts. The ecosystem model connects pedagogy and practice to tools, enhancing new learning communities. Strategies for implementing, fostering and assessing communities will be shared.

Resources at http://newlearningcommunities.pbworks.com/

Persons cited in this presentation are Siemens, Downes, Tittenberger, Gutl, Chang, Thompson, @hollyrae, @suceppib, @retazens, @nmsu, @desertjul, @tektrekker, @phlipper3000, @laurapresently



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  • Love this new take on the ecosystem, learning community, etc. I will definitely be looking at this more as I revise CEL 560 for the fall. Would you consider being a guest presenter and presenting this to my students this fall?
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  • Focus on these key wordsHow many have heard about learning communities and learning ecosystemsWhen you think about the two ideas together, just one or two word snapshots what associated concepts pop into our head
  • ShiftPerspectiveClarity
  • Gütl, C. & Chang, V. (2008). Ecosystem-based Theoretical Models for Learning in Environments of the 21st Century. International. Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), Vol 3 (2008), 50-60.G. Siemens and P. Tittenberger. Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009. Available at http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wikis/etl/index.php/Handbook_of_Emerging_Technologies_for_LearningThompson, K. ‘Bioteaming: A manifesto for virtually networked business teams’, http://www.bioteams.comAdditional Web resources can be found at * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/connectivism * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/ecosystem * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/bioteams
  • IndividualizedUniqueCan go awry

New Learning Communities New Learning Communities Presentation Transcript

  • Fostering New Learning Communities, Nurturing Online Learning EcosystemsJune 19, 2009 #sloancsym #nlc San FranciscoSloan C International Symposium on Emerging Technology Applications for Online Learning
    Holly Rae Bemis-Schurtz, M.A. @hollyrae
    Susan Bussmann, Ph.D. @suceppib
    New Mexico State University
    We apply these concepts to foster experiential learning for K-20 educators.
  • Consider …
    Clarity, focus, perspective, adaptation, evolution
  • Influential Concepts
    Learning Ecosystems(Gutl & Chang)
    Connectivism(Siemens & Downes)
  • Overview
    New Learning Contexts & Skills
    Learning Ecosystem as a Model
    Characteristics of New Learning Communities (NLCs)
    Organizational Biomimicry
    One to many communications
    Self organizing, collective leadership
    Developing NLCs
    Nurturing & Supporting NLCs
    Assessing NLCs
  • Scoble’s Social Media Starfish
    The Conversation Prism
    Social Media Landscape
  • What happens to learning in this context?
    “Our learning and information acquisition is a mashup. We take pieces, add pieces, dialogue, reframe, rethink, connect, and ultimately, we end up with some type of pattern that symbolizes what’s happening ‘out there’ and what it means to us. And that pattern changes daily.
    G. Siemens and P. Tittenberger.
    Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009.
  • Connectivism
    ‘A learning theory for a digital age’ from George Siemens (@gsiemens) & Stephen Downes (@downes).
    Influenced by learning theories, social structures, and technologies, such as
    Affordance of tools
    Contextual situated learning
    Social learning theory
    Epistemological views
    Embodied cognition
    New media theory
    Systems theory
    Network theory
  • In a nutshell…
    ‘knowledge and cognition are distributed across networks of people and technology is the process of connecting, growing, and navigating those networks'
    the knowledge of the network is bigger than any one node
    Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009
  • Learning is forming connections
    Connectivism(George Siemens & Stephen Downes)
    Learning is connecting new experiences within our neural, conceptual and social networks
    Depth and diversity of the connections is what determines understanding
    Frequency of exposure and integration with other concepts can strengthen understanding
    Connections can be strong or weak – different networks serve different needs
    Expertise (the facility of using networks) is what is needed to learn in this new context
  • New Learning Skills
    G. Siemens and P. Tittenberger. Handbook of emerging technologies for learning, March 2009. “New Learning, New Educators, New Skills”
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft_skills
    Created with Wordle - http://www.wordle.net/
    Soft Skills
  • Flickr Creative Commons Search for ‘early adopters’ or ‘power users’
    Technology Fluency & Adeptness
  • Wayfinding
    Wayfinding encompasses all of the ways in which people and animals orient themselves in physical space and navigate from place to place
    • traditional navigation methods used by indigenous peoples
    • in the context of architecture to refer to the user experience of orientation and choosing a path within the built environment
    • the set of architectural and/or design elements that aid orientation.
    From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayfinding
  • Sensemaking
    Sensemaking is the ability or attempt to make sense of an ambiguous situation.
    creating situational awareness and understanding in situations of high complexity or uncertainty in order to make decisions.
    "a motivated, continuous effort to understand connections (which can be among people, places, and events) in order to anticipate their trajectories and act effectively" (Klein et al., 2006a).
    Klein, G., Moon, B. and Hoffman, R.F. (2006a). Making sense of sensemaking I: alternative perspectives.
    IEEE Intelligent Systems, 21(4), 70-73.
  • How do you support the development of personal learning skills?
  • Consider the Ecosystem
    A network of living and nonliving things
    Energy and water cycles continuously
    Producers generate for Primary. Secondary, & Tertiary Consumers
    Decomposers recycle and compost for a healthy foundation
    Illustration by Sabine Deviche (ASU)
  • Learning Ecosystem as a Model
    Gutl & Chang, 2008
    a comprehensive review of the ecosystem model as used to describe highly dynamic learning environments that change organically and often
    a model to identify perspectives, relationships, approaches and implementations
    assists in identifying pedagogical, cognitive, social, organizational, and technological aspects
  • Characteristics
    Open and flexible to allow for student's self direction
    Support the individual learner and the community in a natural learning process
    Network of learning agents and sources dynamically changes according to situations and context
    (Gutl & Chang, 2008)
  • from David Armano (@armano)
  • Our working definition
    A learning ecosystem is…
    a framework for understanding new learning environments that incorporate a variety of
    tools (ie: course management systems, Web 2.0 applications) and
    multiple touch points (web, client, mobile) that aims to make transparent to the members of the learning community various
    channels (relationships, pathways, protocols) for learning.
  • So we’ve tried…
    To establish a framework which shows our ecosystem.
    The next few slides show this over time.
    Each is only a snapshot of a dynamic system~ a moment in time.
  • Current Events & Trends
    Ambient Consumption
    Widgets & RSS
    Primary Consumption
    External Communities
    Facilitation and Assessment
  • Level of learner investment/aka “risk”
    Ambient Consumers
    Primary Consumers
    Parra, Bemis-Schurtz, Bussmann (NM TIE & iNACOL VSS, 2008)
  • Learner Responsibility
    Learner as Lurker
    Learner as Connector
    Relationship to Requirements
    Learner as Producer
    Learner as Recomposer
    • Learning/Course Management System
    • Webconferencing System
    • VOIP Instant Messaging Tool
    • Robust Wiki
    • Blogs
    • Micromedia
    • Robust Wikis
    • Voice Discussion Tools
    Collaboration & Interaction Tools
    Learning & Content Management Tools
    Ecosystem Tools
    Learnstreaming Tools
    Content Creation & Dissemination Tools
    • Multimedia Creation Tools
    • Social Bookmarking Tools
    • Content Sharing Tools
    • Custom Search Tools
    • Lifestreaming Tools
    • Analytic Tools
    • RSS Feed Aggregators
    • Social Networks
  • Examples of NMSU & RETALearning Ecosystems
    Used at various levels, K-20 to foster experiential learning for educators
    Shared quickly for reference ;-)
  • Podcasting and Vodcasting for Improved Achievementhttp://pvia.pbworks.com
    3rd grade Educator Teams implement podcasting in classrooms
    Mentors (RETA Instructors)
    Facilitated by @suceppib @hollyrae & Bethany Bovard (@tektrekker)
  • Online Teaching & Learning Opportunities Programhttp://otlo.pbworks.com/eLearning-Ecosystem
    Secondary educators develop OTL environments for distance delivery
    Multi-year program
    Facilitated by @suceppib & Julia Parra (@desertjul)
  • NMSU Division of Student Success
    Students and staff learn to access and share support online
    Very much in ‘beta’ ;-)
    Facilitated by @hollyrae with Laura Grant (@laurapresently) & Phillip Johnson (@phlipper3000)
  • Online Teaching & Learning Graduate Certificate Programhttp://extended.nmsu.edu
    15 credit graduate program
    Prepares learner for OTL
    Facilitated by @suceppib, @tektrekker & Julia Parra (@desertjul)
  • So…
    What happens to the community when it spans across all of these contexts?
    How does this influence our pedagogy?
  • Characteristics of New Learning Communities
    Personal learning skills are integral
    Conversation is not just in one system/tool/place
    Communities overlap between networks
    Connections (the stuff of learning) are made organically
    Highly dynamic, Influenced by a wider social experience and...
  • Organizational Biomimicry
    • Looking at ‘power users’ & ‘power’ communities of natural ecosystems
    • Ken Thompson (The Bioteaming Manifesto)
    • Traits of successful bioteams
    • Pheromone messaging
    • Collective leadership
    These are new communication styles for humans!
  • One to Many Communications
    Thompson (2008) – Did ants invent the perfect mobile messaging system?
  • Collective Leadership
    Thompson (2008) Why penguins have no commanding officer
  • This is a tremendous shift!
    Successful bioteams are highly dependent on members’ beliefs and values
    One to many communication methods are new to humans
    Each users experience is unique and personal responsibility is substantially increased
    So what strategies can we use to develop, nurture and evaluate our new learning communities?
  • Developing NLCs
    Begin with needs & comfort level assessment
    Choose core elements (tools) purposefully with learners in mind
    Make the ecosystem explicit
    Design so that you are facilitating interaction
    open ended and self directed activities
    act as concierge, connector, atelier, curator
  • Developing NLCs (ctd.)
    Establish reasonable expectations
    Consider learner risk
    Encourage voluntary participation
    Provide a synchronous orientation to the ecosystem
    Utilize audio/video tools frequently to support knowledge of the ecosystem
    Establish protocols for utilizing channels (ie: engaging a colleague or instructor via Skype)
  • Supporting NLCs
    Foster metacognitive awareness of the ecosystem, tools, touch points, channels with continued support
    Consider ‘Bio-score Calculator’(http://www.bioteams.com/flash/IsYourGroupaBioteam.html)
    Assist students in developing an idea of their own personal learning network
    Identify your own strategies for wayfinding, make transparent for your students
    Encourage social sensemakingthroughout the experience
  • Assessing NLCs
    Consider Ken Thompson’s ORGANICS (for assessing self organizing within a group)
    Evaluate growth in student’s
    self assessment of use of PLN(s)
    concept maps of PLN(s) over time
    Utilize summative assessments that are outcomes based (such as a portfolio)
    Utilize formative assessment (such as learnstreaming)
  • Learnstreaming*
    Use of these types of tools to develop holistic and formative understandings about what is happening in the learning community
    Lifestreaming (Plaxo, FriendFeed)
    Analytic Tools (Lijit, Google Analytics)
    RSS Aggregators
    ‘Friendships’ in social networks
    *this is experimental, be cautious
  • Let’s engage in somesensemaking.hollyrae@nmsu.edusuceppib@nmsu.edu
    Resources continue to grow…
    * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/connectivism
    * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/ecosystem
    * http://delicious.com/hollyrae/bioteams