Five Types of Journalistic Articles Journalism 1 + 2 + New Media Prof. Holly K. Johnson ©2012
   The five basic types of articles are     Hard News                     Features                      Op/Ed       Sport...
The goal of newswriting is to convey a lot ofHard News        information as efficiently as possible and in a             ...
A feature story is different from a hard news                    story because the emphasis is on human                   ...
Editorials are unsigned pieces that express the                   majority view of the newspaper’s editorial board.       ...
Sports can come in hard news, features                    (including player profiles) or opinion. The most     Sports     ...
A review is a critical analysis of a performance.     Reviews        Most reviews include the following basic             ...
Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be?                              Russi...
ANSWER = HARD NEWS                     Russian tanks and troops                     rumbled into theSports                ...
Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be?                           He may g...
ARTICLE = REVIEW                      He may go down in history as American cinemas                      master mythmaker,...
Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be?                           Michael ...
ANSWER = SPORTS – HARD NEWS                      Michael Phelps opened his quest to win                      eight gold me...
Let us practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be?                                  ...
ANSWER = FEATURE (note anecdotal lead + nut graph)                                   It seemed like a good idea at the tim...
REMEMBER SOME ARTICLES CALL FOR YOU TO KEEPYOUR OPINION TO YOURSELF, OTHERS DO NOT.MUST REMAIN UNBIASED       MUST PRESENT...
Thank you, thankyou very much!                   END
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Basic Article Types

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Intended for new media and journalism students at Mercer County Community College in Prof. Holly Johnson's classes. This presentation introduces students to the basic types of articles that are written in print and online journalism.

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  • Hard news
  • Hard news
  • Opinion
  • Opinion
  • Sports
  • Sports
  • Feature
  • Feature
  • Feature
  • Basic Article Types

    1. 1. Five Types of Journalistic Articles Journalism 1 + 2 + New Media Prof. Holly K. Johnson ©2012
    2. 2.  The five basic types of articles are Hard News Features Op/Ed Sports Reviews
    3. 3. The goal of newswriting is to convey a lot ofHard News information as efficiently as possible and in a way that make the reader feel interested in the information. Here are the key elements: Lede or Lead WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHY & HOW Supporting details for lead Cosmic quote Reaction DetailsNote: A hard news story is different from a feature because of itsincreased timeliness and impact. That means many readers may beaffected, even indirectly, and the story focuses on events as they unfold.
    4. 4. A feature story is different from a hard news story because the emphasis is on human interest rather than timliness. It doesn’t have to Features be told this instant. It’s news that can wait, if necessary, but it may be more entertaining than a story that just presents facts.1. Uses an anecdotal lead of 1-3 paragraphs. The lead usually provides a single person’s story that is an example of a broader concept which is explored in depth later in the article.2. Uses a nut graph which explains how the anecdote or information in the lead relates to the information contained in the rest of the article.3. Follows the pyramid after the nut graph by providing quotes, background/reactions and details.
    5. 5. Editorials are unsigned pieces that express the majority view of the newspaper’s editorial board. Opinion pieces express the opinion of the specific Op/Ed writer or columnist listed. These pages face one another, often contain editorial cartoons and give the masthead which lists the staff of the paper. The key features of both editorials and opinion columns are the same. They include:1. A position on an issue of controversy I have an opin that is relevant to the readers. The position may warn, criticize, explain, persuade, praise or call for some kind of action.2. Research evidence that supports the position. Scholarly research, survey data and other hard evidence must be discussed and the author must show how the evidence they present supports the position they are taking.
    6. 6. Sports can come in hard news, features (including player profiles) or opinion. The most Sports familiar sports story is, perhaps, the “game story.” The best game stories convey action, human interest and information WITHOUT bias.1. A news lead that answers the 4W’s + H (give a brief summary of the game, say who won and what the score was, when and where it was held)2. Performance analysis: Why did the winner win? How did the star athletes perform? How did individual athletes performance affect the outcome? (give full names of teams and athletes mentioned) Give key player statistics.3. Quotes: Get quotes from BOTH teams, from players, coaches and, if there is time, from fans.4. Injuries: If there were any notable injuries mention them.5. Weather: If environmental factors affected the game, describe how or why.6. Perspective: How does this game affect the team’s standings and future prospects?7. Other notes: Was the crowd wild? Did a player get in a fist fight with a ref? Note anything exciting.
    7. 7. A review is a critical analysis of a performance. Reviews Most reviews include the following basic elements:1. A catchy opening that draws the readers in to the piece (delayed lead)2. Identifying information including the name of the work, the primary actors and director involved, where and when it can be seen or was performed3. A concise summary of the content of the work4. An assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the work in your own opinion. Were the costumes successful? Could you hear all the actors? Did the chemistry between the lead actors work? What was the scenery like? How did it compare to other performances? This is also a good place for a quote from someone who was in the audience. Did they love it? Hate it? Why?5. Back ground and history such as other creative works by the same directors or how the performance compares to others in the same genre
    8. 8. Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be? Russian tanks and troops rumbled into theSports separatist province of South Ossetia and Russian aircraft bombed a Georgian town What kind of Saturday in a major article is this? escalation of the conflict that has left hundreds of civilians dead and wounded.
    9. 9. ANSWER = HARD NEWS Russian tanks and troops rumbled into theSports separatist province of South Ossetia and Russian aircraft bombed a Georgian town What kind of Saturday in a major article is this? escalation of the conflict that has left hundreds of civilians dead and wounded.
    10. 10. Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be? He may go down in history as American cinemas master mythmaker, but George Lucas still cant tell a story. Three years after concluding the Sports epochal "Star Wars" franchise and very publicly retreating to his sprawling Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, Calif., to make "my own little movies," Lucas has reverted to form. Earlier this summer, he produced and co-wrote yet another What kind of installment of the lucrative but creatively article is this? exhausted "Indiana Jones" adventure series. Friday marks the release of "Star Wars: The Clone Wars," an animated spinoff that Lucas executive produced and that looks like precisely what it is: a television show that has been puffed up into a feature-length advertisement for itself. Taken together, the two movies represent a dispiriting if predictable move, as if the man who reinvented movies -- changing how theyre made and marketed, even their collective meaning -- is still incapable of reinventing himself.
    11. 11. ARTICLE = REVIEW He may go down in history as American cinemas master mythmaker, but George Lucas still cant tell a story. Three years after concluding the Sports epochal "Star Wars" franchise and very publicly retreating to his sprawling Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, Calif., to make "my own little movies," Lucas has reverted to form. Earlier this summer, he produced and co-wrote yet another What kind of installment of the lucrative but creatively article is this? exhausted "Indiana Jones" adventure series. Friday marks the release of "Star Wars: The Clone Wars," an animated spinoff that Lucas executive produced and that looks like precisely what it is: a television show that has been puffed up into a feature-length advertisement for itself. Taken together, the two movies represent a dispiriting if predictable move, as if the man who reinvented movies -- changing how theyre made and marketed, even their collective meaning -- is still incapable of reinventing himself.
    12. 12. Let’s practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be? Michael Phelps opened his quest to win eight gold medals by qualifying 1.44 Sports seconds faster than his rivals with an Olympic-record time in the 400-metre individual medley preliminaries. The American won his heat in 4 minutes, What kind of 7.82 seconds, 44-hundredths of a second article is this? better than his gold medal-winning time four years ago in Athens. Phelps was under his world-record pace after 150 metres of the four-stroke race, but eased off to save something for Sunday mornings final.
    13. 13. ANSWER = SPORTS – HARD NEWS Michael Phelps opened his quest to win eight gold medals by qualifying 1.44 Sports seconds faster than his rivals with an Olympic-record time in the 400-metre individual medley preliminaries. The American won his heat in 4 minutes, What kind of 7.82 seconds, 44-hundredths of a second article is this? better than his gold medal-winning time four years ago in Athens. Phelps was under his world-record pace after 150 metres of the four-stroke race, but eased off to save something for Sunday mornings final.
    14. 14. Let us practice: Based on what you see here, what kind ofarticle does this appear to be? It seemed like a good idea at the time. Save gas money, be environmentally correct, lose weight — just by biking to work. And so after two decades, Dan Cooley, 41, saddled up a silver 21-speed to make the daily two-mile commute to work. In four months, he lost 15 pounds. Way to go, Dan! Sports Friday morning, July 25, around 6:50 a.m., he was pedaling on a residential street, wearing his green hospital scrubs, when a Volkswagen roared out of a driveway in front of him. As Mr. Cooley pulled over to the sidewalk, the car turned onto a driveway, knocking him What kind of off his bike. In Mr. Cooley’s narrative, the passenger, article is this? swearing, jumped out and pummeled him. Then he got back into the car, which zoomed away. Mr. Cooley lay prostrate on the sidewalk, bloodied, with a concussion and a torn ligament. This summer, the number of new cyclists has increased strongly across the country. Dahon, makers of folding bikes popular with commuters, reports a 30- percent sales increase from a year ago. Transportation Alternatives, a bicycling advocacy group, estimates that 131,000 people cycle daily in New York, up 77 percent since 2000.
    15. 15. ANSWER = FEATURE (note anecdotal lead + nut graph) It seemed like a good idea at the time. Save gas money, be environmentally correct, lose weight — just by biking to work. And so after two decades, Dan Cooley, 41, saddled up a silver 21-speed to make the daily two-mile commute to work. In four months, he lost 15 pounds. Way to go, Dan! Sports Friday morning, July 25, around 6:50 a.m., he was pedaling on a residential street, wearing his green hospital scrubs, when a Volkswagen roared out of a driveway in front of him. As Mr. Cooley pulled over to the sidewalk, the car turned onto a driveway, knocking him What kind of off his bike. In Mr. Cooley’s narrative, the passenger, article is this? swearing, jumped out and pummeled him. Then he got back into the car, which zoomed away. Mr. Cooley lay prostrate on the sidewalk, bloodied, with a concussion and a torn ligament. This summer, the number of new cyclists has increased strongly across the country. Dahon, makers of folding bikes popular with commuters, reports a 30- percent sales increase from a year ago. Transportation Alternatives, a bicycling advocacy group, estimates that 131,000 people cycle daily in New York, up 77 percent since 2000.
    16. 16. REMEMBER SOME ARTICLES CALL FOR YOU TO KEEPYOUR OPINION TO YOURSELF, OTHERS DO NOT.MUST REMAIN UNBIASED MUST PRESENT A SUPPORTED OPINION Sports Hard News Reviews Features Opinions Sports – Hard news
    17. 17. Thank you, thankyou very much! END
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