Anxiety“Anxiety is the negative aspect of experiencingstress. It is the worry that is experienced due to fear of failure” (Honeybourne 2003)
TypesCognitive Anxiety•When a sports person may think about concerns of underachieving fromunpleasant thoughts.•Often the stage before somatic anxiety.•Often experience problems with concentration replaces mental images ofsuccess with failure. Somatic Anxiety •Result of a performers negative perception of the body’s physiological reactions to stress. •Due to the reaction of their body to stress the performer worries more. •Likely to have a queasy stomach and increased sweating.
State anxiety•Some people are more anxious that others in particularsituations•Can be either somatic state anxiety or cognitive stateanxiety. Trait anxiety •The persons usual behavioural tendency to become worried about environment. •Has a tendency to overreact and usually develops high levels of arousal easily and quickly.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF ANXIETY• COGNITIVE ANXIETY- indecision, confusion, negative thoughts, poor concentration, irritability, loss of confidence, images of failure.• SOMATIC ANXIETY - increased blood pressure, sweating, adrenaline boost, need to urinate, muscle tension, pacing, yawning, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, loss of libido• BEHAVIOURAL ANXIETY - biting fingernails, lethargic movements, fidgeting, avoidance of eye contact, covering face with hand
CAUSES OF ANXIETY IN SPORT-fear of failing or a bad performance-fear of bad feed back or evaluationpoints-fear of the competition from the event-fear of an injury occurring and theathlete having no control
SPORT COMPETITION ANALYSIS TEST (SCAT)1. Competing against others is socially enjoyable2. Before I compete I feel uneasy3. Before I compete I worry about not performing well4. I am a good sportsman when I compete5. When I compete, I worry about making mistakes6. Before I compete I am calm7. Setting a goal is important when competing8. Before I compete I get a queasy feeling in my stomach9. Just before competing, I notice my heart beats faster than usual10. I like to compete in games that demands a lot of physical energy11. Before I compete I feel relaxed12. Before I compete I am nervous13. Team sports are more exciting than individual sports14. I get nervous wanting to start the game15. Before I compete I usually get uptight
Another test was created after the SCAT test- Competitive state anxietyinventory (CSAI).This test was said to be more thorough and a better test that the SCATtest, as it distinguishes the differences between somatic and cognitiveanxiety making it multidimensional.