Category #1: The Isms
Nationalism: The placing, by the individual, of national interests over and above those of the
individual, regional, or global. Can exist under all political, social and economic conditions, and
across societal structures such as class.
Internationalism: the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are
more important than their differences
Humanitarianism: In its most general form, humanitarianism is an ethic of kindness,
benevolence and sympathy extended universally and impartially to all human beings.
Humanitarianism has been an evolving concept historically but universality is a common
element in its evolution.
Multilateralism: Multilateralism is a term in international relations that refers to multiple countries
working in concert on a given issue
Supranationalism: Supranationalism is a method of decision-making in multi-national political
communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of
Symbolism: Representation of a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or
Bilingualism: the ability to speak two languages colloquially
Pluralism: a social organization in which diversity of racial or religious or ethnic or cultural
groups is tolerated
Multiculturalism: the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can
coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country
Separatism: A movement that has as its goal the cultural and/or political disengagement of two
groups or societies. A separatist movement often struggles to detach its territory from a
multicultural or plural state and establish its own state.
Ultranationalism: Extreme Nationalism.
Category #4: Polotical and Legal Concepts
Nation: A nation is a grouping of people who share real or imagined common history, culture,
language or ethnic origin, often possessing or seeking its own government.
Nation-State: The nation-state is a state that self-identifies as deriving its political legitimacy
from serving as a sovereign entity for a nation as a sovereign territorial unit. The state is a
political and geopolitical entity; the nation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity.
Identity: Identity is an umbrella term used throughout the social sciences to describe an
individual's comprehension of him or herself as a discrete, separate entity.
Patriotic: one who is true to their country, willing to die for its honor
Non-Nationalist: Anti-nationalism is the idea that nationalism is undesirable or dangerous. Some
anti-nationalists are humanitarians or humanists who pursue an idealist form of world
community, and self-identify as world citizens.
National Interest: The national interest, often referred to by the French term raison d'État, is a
country's goals and ambitions whether economic, military, or cultural. The notion is an important
one in international relations where pursuit of the national interest is the foundation of the realist
Foreign Policy: The totality of a state's relations with and polices toward other states. A nation's
foreign policy, even though it may be largely the prerogative of an executive branch, is
grounded in its domestic policy.
Quebecois: Any inhabitant or native of the city or province of Quebec, esp. a French Canadian
one; Of or pertaining to Quebec, or French Canada; The dialect of French spoken in the
Canadian province of Quebec
Conscription: Conscription (also known as the draft, call-up or national service) is a general term
for involuntary enrollment in the service of a country. It is most often used in the specific sense
of requiring citizens to serve in the armed forces.
Self-determination: Self-determination is the free choice of one’s own acts without external
compulsion. In politics it is seen as the freedom of the people of a given territory or national
grouping to determine their own political status and how they will be governed without undue
influence from any other country.
Successor State: Succession of states is a theory in international relations regarding the
recognition and acceptance of a newly created state by other states, based on a perceived
historical relationship the new state has with a prior state. The theory has its root in 19th century
Sovereignty: Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a
territory. It can be found in a power to rule and make law that rests on a political fact for which
no purely legal explanation can be provided.
Self Government: Self-government is the ability of peoples to govern themselves according to
their values, cultures and traditions.
Institutions: Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation
governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given human collectivity.
Human Rights: The basic rights and freedoms that all humans should be guaranteed, such as
the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law
International Law and agreements: International law is the term commonly used for referring to
laws that govern the conduct of indepedent nations in their relationships with one another. It
differs from other legal systems in that it primarily concerns provinces rather than private
Land Claims: Land claims are a legal declaration of desired control over areas of property
including bodies of water. The phrase is usually only used with respect to disputed or
unresolved land claims. Some types of land claims include aboriginal land claims, Antarctic land
claims, and post-colonial land claims.
First Nation Treaties and the Indian Act: The Indian Act ("An Act respecting Indians"), R.S.,
1985, c. I-5, is a Canadian statute that concerns registered Indians (that is, First Nations
peoples of Canada), their bands, and the system of Indian reserves.
Peacekeeping vs Peacemaking:
Peacekeeping: Military operations undertaken with the consent of all major parties to a
dispute, designed to monitor and facilitate implementation of an agreement (ceasefire, truce, or
other such agreement) and support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement.
Peacemaking: Peacemaking is a form of conflict resolution which focuses on
establishing equal power relationships (aka Divide and conquer) that will be robust enough to
forestall future conflict, and establishing some means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a
community that has previously had conflict.