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Definitions
 

Definitions

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    Definitions Definitions Document Transcript

    • Category #1: The Isms Nationalism: The placing, by the individual, of national interests over and above those of the individual, regional, or global. Can exist under all political, social and economic conditions, and across societal structures such as class. Internationalism: the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences Humanitarianism: In its most general form, humanitarianism is an ethic of kindness, benevolence and sympathy extended universally and impartially to all human beings. Humanitarianism has been an evolving concept historically but universality is a common element in its evolution. Multilateralism: Multilateralism is a term in international relations that refers to multiple countries working in concert on a given issue
    • Supranationalism: Supranationalism is a method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states. Symbolism: Representation of a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or qualities Bilingualism: the ability to speak two languages colloquially Pluralism: a social organization in which diversity of racial or religious or ethnic or cultural groups is tolerated
    • Multiculturalism: the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country Separatism: A movement that has as its goal the cultural and/or political disengagement of two groups or societies. A separatist movement often struggles to detach its territory from a multicultural or plural state and establish its own state. Ultranationalism: Extreme Nationalism.
    • Category #4: Polotical and Legal Concepts Nation: A nation is a grouping of people who share real or imagined common history, culture, language or ethnic origin, often possessing or seeking its own government. Nation-State: The nation-state is a state that self-identifies as deriving its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign entity for a nation as a sovereign territorial unit. The state is a political and geopolitical entity; the nation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity.
    • Identity: Identity is an umbrella term used throughout the social sciences to describe an individual's comprehension of him or herself as a discrete, separate entity. Patriotic: one who is true to their country, willing to die for its honor Non-Nationalist: Anti-nationalism is the idea that nationalism is undesirable or dangerous. Some anti-nationalists are humanitarians or humanists who pursue an idealist form of world community, and self-identify as world citizens. National Interest: The national interest, often referred to by the French term raison d'État, is a country's goals and ambitions whether economic, military, or cultural. The notion is an important one in international relations where pursuit of the national interest is the foundation of the realist school.
    • Foreign Policy: The totality of a state's relations with and polices toward other states. A nation's foreign policy, even though it may be largely the prerogative of an executive branch, is grounded in its domestic policy. Quebecois: Any inhabitant or native of the city or province of Quebec, esp. a French Canadian one; Of or pertaining to Quebec, or French Canada; The dialect of French spoken in the Canadian province of Quebec Conscription: Conscription (also known as the draft, call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary enrollment in the service of a country. It is most often used in the specific sense of requiring citizens to serve in the armed forces.
    • Self-determination: Self-determination is the free choice of one’s own acts without external compulsion. In politics it is seen as the freedom of the people of a given territory or national grouping to determine their own political status and how they will be governed without undue influence from any other country. Successor State: Succession of states is a theory in international relations regarding the recognition and acceptance of a newly created state by other states, based on a perceived historical relationship the new state has with a prior state. The theory has its root in 19th century diplomacy. Sovereignty: Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a territory. It can be found in a power to rule and make law that rests on a political fact for which no purely legal explanation can be provided.
    • Self Government: Self-government is the ability of peoples to govern themselves according to their values, cultures and traditions. Institutions: Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given human collectivity.
    • Human Rights: The basic rights and freedoms that all humans should be guaranteed, such as the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law International Law and agreements: International law is the term commonly used for referring to laws that govern the conduct of indepedent nations in their relationships with one another. It differs from other legal systems in that it primarily concerns provinces rather than private citizens.
    • Land Claims: Land claims are a legal declaration of desired control over areas of property including bodies of water. The phrase is usually only used with respect to disputed or unresolved land claims. Some types of land claims include aboriginal land claims, Antarctic land claims, and post-colonial land claims. First Nation Treaties and the Indian Act: The Indian Act ("An Act respecting Indians"), R.S., 1985, c. I-5, is a Canadian statute that concerns registered Indians (that is, First Nations peoples of Canada), their bands, and the system of Indian reserves. Peacekeeping vs Peacemaking: Peacekeeping: Military operations undertaken with the consent of all major parties to a dispute, designed to monitor and facilitate implementation of an agreement (ceasefire, truce, or other such agreement) and support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement. Peacemaking: Peacemaking is a form of conflict resolution which focuses on establishing equal power relationships (aka Divide and conquer) that will be robust enough to forestall future conflict, and establishing some means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a community that has previously had conflict.
    • All pictures taken from Google images.