Contraception Presentation
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Contraception Presentation

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Contraception Presentation Contraception Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • All About: Contraception
  • Behavioral
    • What it is…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Abstinence
  • Barrier
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    "Male" Condoms
    • 1) Check the date
    • 2) Check for the air pocket
    • 3) Open with fingers, NEVER with teeth or scissors
    • 4) Pinch about ½ inch at the top to leave room for semen
    • 5) Should be unrolled directly onto the penis after it becomes erect, all the way to the base of the penis
    • 6) After ejaculation, the couple should separate before the penis becomes soft.
    • 7) Hold the condom at the base as it is withdrawn.
    • 8) When the penis is completely out, remove the condom and throw it in the garbage.
    • 9) It is a good idea for the couple to wash their hands and genitals before touching any more, if they have intercourse again, a new condom is needed.
    Condoms 101
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    "Female" Condoms
  • Hormonal
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    "The Pill"
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    "The Shot" Depo-Provera
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    "The Patch"
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    NuvaRing
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Implanon
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Emergency Contraceptive Pills "Plan B"
  • Methods Not Recommended For Teens
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    IUD Intrauterine Device
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Spermicide
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Withdrawal or "Pulling Out"
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Diaphragm
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Natural Family Planning
    • What is it…
    • How effective is it…
    • How it works…
    • Advantages…
    • Disadvantages…
    • Side Effects…
    Sterilization
    • Which kinds of birth control work 100% of the time?
    • A. The pill, sterilization (getting your tubes tied) and abstinence (not having intercourse)
    • B. Only sterilization and abstinence
    • C. Only abstinence
  • C. Only Abstinence
  • 2. “Male condoms prevent pregnancy at least 85% of the time.
    • A. True
    • B. False
  • A. True
    • When used correctly and every time, “male” condoms are around 95% effective
    • Even with 85% effectiveness (for typical users), that’s a 15% chance of pregnancy compared to an 85% chance of pregnancy if no contraception is used.
    • It is called a “male” condom, but can be worn on a penis or sex toy
  • 3. Of the following kinds of birth control, which one is the most effective?
    • A. The pill
    • B. The “male” condom
    • C. Fertility awareness (“natural family planning”)
  • A. The Pill
  • 4. A woman can use hormones to prevent pregnancy in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
    • Pills
    • A shot into her muscle
    • A vaginal ring
    • An injection into her blood stream
    • An implant in the arm
    • A T-shaped plastic device inserted into the uterus
    • A patch put on the skin
  • D. An injection into her blood stream
  • 5 . Using two methods (such as a condom and a hormonal method like the pill) is very effective in preventing pregnancy and HIV and other STDs.
    • True, this may be as effective as sterilization
    • False, this is probably only about as effective as a “male” condom by itself
    • False, this is less effective than a “male” condom by itself
  • A. True, this may be almost as effective as sterilization
    • A male or female condom must be one of the methods to add protection from STIs
    • NEVER use more than one condom
    • NEVER use a male and female condom together
  • 6. What is the main way hormonal birth control methods work?
    • They block the sperm from the egg
    • They prevent the ovary from releasing an egg
    • They kill the sperm
  • B. They prevent the ovary from releasing an egg.
  • 7. What does a person have to know to use an IUD correctly?
    • Check the string once a month
    • Put it in and take it out every time you have sex.
    • Take one every day
  • A. Check the string once a month
    • Only a doctor or nurse should insert or remove an IUD
    • It is replaced once every 5 or 10 years
    • Feel for the string, if it gets longer, shorter or disappears, return to the doctor.
  • 8. What does a person have to know to use a “male” condom correctly?
    • Put it on just before you ejaculate (“come”)
    • Check the date on the package to make sure it hasn’t expired
    • Take one every day
  • B. Check the date on the package to make sure it hasn’t expired
    • Condoms are NOT reusable
    • Condoms must be used from the very beginning of sex, before any type of intercourse
  • 9. Fertility Awareness means figuring out when the woman ovulates (releases an egg) and not having intercourse (or using another method)…
    • … After that time
    • … Before and during that time
    • … During your period
  • B. Before and during that time
    • Must abstain around 1 week every month
    • Abstaining during one’s period does NOT prevent pregnancy
    • The only way to learn when you ovulate is to buy a book or take a class. Even then it can be very difficult.
  • 10. How long after unprotected sex or a birth control method failure (like a “male” condom breaking) does a woman have to take emergency contraceptive pills to improve her chances of preventing an unplanned pregnancy?
    • 24 hours
    • 72 hours
    • 120 hours
  • C. 120 hours
    • 5 days
    • The sooner, the more effective
      • Day 1: 98% effective
      • After that: 75-89% effective
    • Does not work if woman is already pregnant
    • Can be used when other methods fail
  • 11. Which of the following has the highest mortality rate (risk of death)?
    • The pill
    • Sterilization (getting your tubes tied)
    • Giving birth
  • C. Giving Birth
  • 12. Which of the following has the least health risk?
    • “ male” and “female” condom
    • The IUD
    • spermicides
  • A. “Male” and “Female” condom
    • The risk comes from the choice to engage
    • in sex, which is the risk of pregnancy or contracting an STI or HIV
    • Spermicides are NOT recommended
    • The IUD carries the risk of HIV or STIs as well as a small risk of harm to the uterus, or a miscarriage if the woman does become pregnant
  • 13. Women who have had more than one sex partner in the last couple of years, or who think they might in the next couple of years, should probably not use the IUD.
    • True
    • False
  • A. True
    • People who change partners “frequently”, which includes many teens, are at a greater risk of getting STIs
    • The greater your chances for an STI, the less safe it is for her to have an IUD
  • 14. Who should probably not use the pill, patch or ring?
    • Women over age 35 who smoke
    • Women under age 20
    • Women who have had more than one sex partner in the last couple of years
  • A. Women over age 35 who smoke
    • Even for very young women, the pill is safer than a pregnancy
    • Unlike the IUD, the pill does not increase the risk of getting an STI
    • For disease protection, a condom is still necessary!
  • 15. Who can buy condoms?
    • Only people over age 18
    • Only people with a prescription
    • People under age 18 who have a note from their parents
    • anyone
  • D. ANYONE
  • 16. What % of 18 year olds in the United States have not yet had sexual intercourse? Guess.
    • 79% of girls and 76% of guys are virgins
    • 42% of girls and 46% of guys are virgins
    • 19% of girls and 15% of guys are virgins
  • B. 42% of girls and 46% of guys are virgins
    • More than 4 out of 10 have chosen not to have intercourse yet
    • Also, some of those who have ever had intercourse, had it once (or in one relationship) and have since decided not to.
    • NOT EVERYONE IS DOING IT!
  • 17. People sometimes get pregnant the first time they have sexual intercourse.
    • True
    • B. False
  • A. True
    • Even before her first menstrual period, a girl might have ovulated, and might be able to get pregnant.
  • Birth Control Discussion
  • #1
    • A. I believe that it’s morally wrong to use any form of birth control except abstinence
    • B. I believe that some forms of birth control are immoral, even for married couples
    • C. I would not call any form of birth control “wrong” or “immoral”, as long as the couple is married
    • D. I would not call any form of birth control “wrong” or “immoral”, regardless of whether the couple is married.
  • #2
    • A. I believe that, in a heterosexual couple, birth control is the man’s responsibility.
    • B. I believe that in a heterosexual couple, birth control is the woman’s responsibility.
    • C. In my opinion, both people should take responsibility for birth control.
    • D. I believe that birth control is wrong; neither person should “take responsibility” for it.
  • #3
    • The law allows a married person to be sterilized without his or her spouse’s consent.
    • A. I agree with this law; no one should have to get a spouse’s permission.
    • B. I think the law should be changed; a man should be allowed to veto his wife’s decision to have her tubes tied.
    • C. I think the law should be changed; either spouse should be allowed to veto his or her spouse’s decision.
    • D. I think the law should be changed; sterilization should be illegal .
  • #4
    • The law allows a minor to get birth control without his or her parents’ consent.
    • I think the law should be changed; minors should not be allowed to obtain birth control, even with a parent’s permission.
    • I think the law should be changed; parents should have the legal right to say “no”.
    • In my opinion, parents should at least have the legal right to be notified, but not to veto the decision
    • I agree with the law; there should be no age limit on the legal right to privacy.
  • Finish all 3 sentences…
    • If I ever become a parent,
    • X. I hope my children will wait to be married until…
    • Y. I hope my children will wait to have sexual intercourse until…
    • Z. I hope my children will wait to have children of their own until…