TIPPING POINT, CHAPTER TWO:THANKS TO VERONICA, Kyoung, EIMAN,Luisa, Vu, Lin, Fatimah, Chune, Bank,Ileana and YO
INFECTION infection /in·fec·tion/ (-fek´shun) invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissuesCHRONIC INFECTION Pathological state resulting from having been infected E.g.: Specialists are working on my computer trying to eradicate the chronical infection produced by a cibervirus.
LINGER lin·ger (lnggr) To persist To be tardy in acting; procrastinateLINGERING PROBLEM Prolonged issue E.g.: Your stress is a result of a lingering problem.
•An explanation based on or in accordance with whatis generally done or believed.e.g: The conventional explanation for the projectsuccess is the well-chosen engineers .
•Fall suddenly and uncontrollably .•Rapid decrease in value.e.g: the company’s annual profit plunged 25% .
CLUSTER (v,n) : to form groups, or thegroups themselvesExample: ". . .when the incidence of sexually transmitteddisease is highest, the clusters of black stars on the roadsbecome thick with cases” (The Tipping Point, p.26).
ANONYMITY : to maintain a low profile in asociety or community.Example: She enjoyed the anonymity of life in a large city.
ALIENATION: to get unfamiliar orunnaturalized into a society or community.Example: "The anonymity and alienation of big-city life makespeople hard and unfeeling” (The Tipping Point, p.27).
DIFFUSED: spread out or dispersedExample: "When people are in a group. . .responsibility foracting is diffused". (The Tipping Point, p.28)
DeterioratDef: (v) to be come worseThesaurus: e decline, degenerate;1 his health deteriorated: worsen,fail, slump, slip, go downhill, wane, ebb; informal go topot. ANTONYMS improve.2 these materials deteriorate if stored wrongly: decay,degrade, degenerate, break down, decompose, rot, gooff, spoil, perish; break up, disintegrate, crumble, fallapart.Word family: deteriorating (adj.), deterioration (n).
Hollowing outto make a hole or empty space by removing the insidepart of something.
Definition: If something is scaled back, it means the numberof sth isdecreased.Synonyms: Decrease, decline, grow downAntonyms: Increase, rise
Definition: to destroy, destruct, breakingAntonyms: vitalize, product, create
Equilibrium (n.) Definition: 1.A state of balance, especially Between opposing forces or Influences. 2.A calm state of mind and a balance of emotions. Example: The point at which the solid and the liquid are in equilibrium is called the freezing point.
Culprit (n.) Definition: 1.a person who has done sth wrong or against the law. 2.A person or thing responsible for causing a problem. Example: the police quickly identified the real culprit.
contagiousO Con-ta-gious (adj)O a disease that is contagious can be passed from person to person by touch or if a feeling, attitude, or action is contagious, other people are quickly affected by it and begin to have it or do it.O diseases spread by contact are contagious and those spread by air or water are infectious . Chicken pox is a contagious diseases which spread by touching
declineO De-cline (n)O a decrease in the quality, quantity, or importance of something.O Synonyms: decrease.O Antonyms: rise, increase. The decline of the economy can be seen clearly.
Have an impact on someone or something (n.) Def: have an influence on someone or something Exp. “Stickiness means that a message makes an impact ” (Tipping Point, p. 25)
Provocative (adj.)Def. acting as a stimulus or sensationExp. The word like in the first slogan is more provocative usage than as in the second one. √ 1) “Winston tastes good like a cigarette should” X 2) Winston tastes good as a cigarette should (Tipping Point, p. 25)
Def. – be able to control something Example ◦ “Our immune systems keep [the bacterium] in check easily” (The Tipping Point, p. 23)
Def. – get rid of Example ◦ “[The children] defeated HIV, purged it from their bodies, and went on to live healthy lives.” (The Tipping Point, p. 24)
Plummet: Fall straight down really quickly“After all, crime didn´t just slowly ebb in New York as conditions gradually improved. It plummeted.” (Tipping Point, pp. 7)
Ebb and flow: to decrease and then increase“It is that the best way to understand the emergence of fashion trends, the ebb and flow of crime waves, or, for that matter, the transformation of unknown books into bestsellers…” (Tipping Point, pp. 7)
Subtleadjective ( subtler , subtlest )(esp. of a change or distinction) so delicate or precise as to be difficultto analyze or describe: his language expresses rich and subtlemeanings.What they were saying is that there was a subtle increase in theseverity of crack problem in mid 1990s. (The Tipping Point P.17)
Severe/severitynounthe fact or condition of being severe: sentences should reflect theseverity of the crime | hay fever symptoms vary in severity. shestared at me with mock severity.What they were saying is that there was a subtle increase in theseverity of crack problem in mid 1990s. (The Tipping Point P.17)