Reducing Adjective Clauses   to Adjective Phrases      HOLLY CIN   5EF/SUMMER 2012
Reducing Adjective Clauses                     to Adjective Phrases Adjective clauses can be reduced to adjective phrases...
 Examples:1. The guy who is sitting near the door is from China.This sentence can be reduced to:The guy sitting near the ...
Adjective clauses with objectpronouns CANNOT BE REDUCEDExample:The Student Who/Whom/That Icalled on was from Japan.Try to ...
 There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an adjective     phrase.1.     The adjective clause contains...
 There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an adjective     phrase.2.    If there is no BE form of a ve...
 There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an  adjective phrase. 3. The relative pronoun and the BE ve...
Non-essential clauses/phrases If the adjective clause is non-essential, and therefore requires commas, then the adjective...
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Reducedadjectiveclauses

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Reducedadjectiveclauses

  1. 1. Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases HOLLY CIN 5EF/SUMMER 2012
  2. 2. Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases Adjective clauses can be reduced to adjective phrases under certain conditions:1. The adjective clause must have a subject pronoun— who, which, or that.2. The adjective clause must not have an object pronoun—who, whom, or that used in the object position of the clause.
  3. 3.  Examples:1. The guy who is sitting near the door is from China.This sentence can be reduced to:The guy sitting near the door is from China.2. The woman that is wearing the striped dress is my neighbor.This sentence can be reduced to:The woman wearing the striped dress is my neighbor.3. The cat which is sitting on the table is Luigi.This sentence can be reduced to:The cat sitting on the table is Luigi.
  4. 4. Adjective clauses with objectpronouns CANNOT BE REDUCEDExample:The Student Who/Whom/That Icalled on was from Japan.Try to reduce it and see whathappens!
  5. 5.  There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an adjective phrase.1. The adjective clause contains the BE form of a verb followed by either the present participle (ing) or the past participle (ed). In this case, remove the relative pronoun and the BE verb.Example 1:The man who is talking to Khalid is from France.This can be reduced to:The man talking to Khalid is from France.Example 2:The ideas which are presented in the lecture are brilliant.This can be reduced to:The ideas presented in the lecture are brilliant.
  6. 6.  There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an adjective phrase.2. If there is no BE form of a verb in the adjective clause, it is sometimes possible to omit the subject pronoun and change the verb to its –ing form.EXAMPLE:English has an alphabet which consists of 26 letters.This can be reduced to the following:English has an alphabet consisting of 26 letters.EXAMPLE:Anyone who needs assistance should talk to the manager.This can be reduced to the following:Anyone needing assistance should talk to the manager.
  7. 7.  There are 3 ways in which an adjective clause is changed to an adjective phrase. 3. The relative pronoun and the BE verb are followed by a prepositional phrase. EXAMPLES: A. The man who is in the house likes to watch television all day. The man in the house likes to watch television all day. B. The books that are on the desk are mine. The books on the desk are mine.
  8. 8. Non-essential clauses/phrases If the adjective clause is non-essential, and therefore requires commas, then the adjective phrase is also non-essential and also requires commas.EXAMPLE:Houston, which is the largest city in Texas, is considered an inexpensive place to live.This can be reduced as follows:Houston, the largest city in Texas, is considered an inexpensive place to live.

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