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R schapter2


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  • 1. Thanks to Irede,Yaz, Nicole, Hiro, Leslie, Dang,Yo, Bowen,Alina,Salma, Priscila, and Khalid RSchapter2
  • 2. hereditary traits are inherited — passed down through the DNA of your biological parents. Synonyms: familial, genetic, inherited, transmissible, transmitted heritable, inheritable
  • 3. Side effects: a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy. E.g. “severe headaches are one of the side effects of the drug”.
  • 4. Obesity ( n( Definition: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health Example: Eating too much sugar might lead you to obesity. Synonyms: Fatness, overweight, bulk
  • 5. Harm ( v & n ) Example: There's no need to be frightened – he won't harm you. Synonyms: injury, damage, mischief, detriment, hurt Definition : any physical damage to the body or anything else caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  • 6. Advocacy (n) Advocate (n—person) “She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights.” Definition in context : (n.) a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea e.g. They are advocates although I don’t know what they advocate.
  • 7. Advocate (v) “He advocates reducing military spending” Definition in context: (v.) push for something e.g. The guy is making a lecture to express what he wants to advocate
  • 8. Proponent (n) “He is a follower of Thomas Jefferson or a proponent of his politics.” Definition in the context: (n.) a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea. e.g. They are the proponents of President Obama’s policy.
  • 9. Definitio n fiber (n) [fahy-ber] Parts of plants that you eat but cannot DIGEST, which help food to move quickly through your body. - High fiber foods such as oatmeal.
  • 10. Definitio n Genes (n)/genetic (adj)/ in the genes [jeen]/[juh-ner-ik] Genes: A small part of a cell that controls the development of the qualities that have been passed on to a living thing from its parents. Genetic: relating to GENES or GENETICS. -  Some diseases are related to genes. - Genetic mutations - Genetically (adv)-
  • 11. 1. Of long duration; continuing Ex: chronic money problems. 2. Lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases EX: chronic colitis. 3. Subject to a habit or pattern of behavior for a long time EX:a chronic liar.
  • 12. Legislation (n) 1. The act or process of legislating; lawmaking. 2. A proposed or enacted law or group of laws.
  • 14. SEDENTARY sedentary (adj) Characterized by or requiring much sitting: a sedentary job. Accustomed to sitting or to taking little exercise. Remaining or living in one area, as certain birds; not migratory. Attached to a surface and not moving freely, as a barnacle. e.g. sedentary lifestyle Also know as COUCH POTATO!
  • 15. trend (n) a general tendency in the way a situation is changing or developing.
  • 16. sedentary (adj) 1. spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much. 2. a sedentary group of people tend always to live in the same place.
  • 17. cholesterol (n) a chemical substance found in your blood. Too much cholesterol in your body may cause heart disease.
  • 18. Diagnosis (n); diagnose (v) diagnostic (adj) 1. the process of discovering exactly what is wrong with someone or something, by examining them closely. (noun)
  • 19. LETHARGIC (adj.) Lazy Lacking energy
  • 20. STROKE (n) Loss of consciousness caused by obstruction or rupture of an artery of the brain.
  • 21. Clot (n and v)Clot (n and v) A thick, viscous, or coagulated mass or lump, as of blood. e.g. Peripheral vascular disease is more commonly known as clots to the legs. When you have an open wound, the blood has to clot in order for the bleeding to stop.