HOLES CHAPTER 7: THANKS TOHIRO, WALEED,LESLIE, PRISCILA, S KY, YO, ANH, CYNTHIA, SALMA, BO WEN, KATHY, ESSAM,
Blade (n) [bleyd] Definition the flat cutting part of a sword, knife, etc.http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/media/oald8/fullsize/b/bla/blade/blade_comp.jpg - The blade banged against the ground. - The blade should be kept sharp.
bang (v) [bang] Definition To hit something hard against something else, making a loud noisehttp://caffeinated-muse.blogspot.com/2009/08/lets-bang-our-head-on-wall-shall-we.html - The blade banged against the ground. - A guy was banging on the wall and yelling.
Bold (adj.); Boldly (adv.) not afraid of taking risks and making difficult decisions• Ex: The airman boldly jumped from the airplane with his parachute.
Weigh (v) weight (n): amount somebody/something weighsex: He has put on weight since I last saw him.
bounce off definition: To make something rebound off someone or something Example: The ball bounced off the crossbar
Dent (n,v) definition: (n) a depression in a surface made by pressure or a blow. (v) To make a dent in Example: a dent in the side of a car.
streamA body of water flowing ina channel orwatercourse, as ariver, rivulet, or brook.
BE PROUD OFproud of (adj.) feeling pleasurable satisfaction over something by which you measures your self-worth He know it was nothing to be proud of, but he felt proud nonetheless. (Holes,p 40)
NONETHELESSnonetheless (adv.) Nevertheless; however. He know it was nothing to be proud of, but he felt proud nonetheless. (Holes,p 40)
Bob( v. )His head seemed to bob up and down on hisneck, like it was on a spring.Definition in the context: to move or make sth movequickly up and down. e.g. tiny boats bobbed up and down in the harbour. e.g. he bobbed his head crazily.
Grave( n.)His cap was stained with blood from his hands. He felt likehe was digging his own grave.Definition in the context: a place in the ground where adead person is buried. e.g. There were flowers on the grave.
SteepSloping sharply at an angle Rise/fall suddenly
Rotate (v)He laid his shovel back down on the bottom of his hole and, to his surprise it fit.He rotated it and only had to chip off a few chunks of dirt, here and there, beforeit could lie flat across his hole in everi direction.(Holes – p.39)Def: to turn in a circle, especially around a fixed point.Ex: Rotate the handle by 180 degree to open the door.
Faint (adj); Faint (v)“I was afraid you’d fainted,” Mr.Penanski said. “ You wouldn’t havebeen the first.”(Holes – p.40)Def: not strong, feel weak as if you are about to become unconscious.Ex: I felt faint with hunger.
Be soaked “His clothes were soaked with sweat.”Meaning : thoroughlywet or saturated
Aimlessly “After leaving Myras house, Elya wandered aimlessly through the town, until he found himself down by the wharf.”Meaning : Devoid of direction or purpose.
something somewhere in a careless untidy way: Merrill dumped her suitcase down in the hall. dump something on something They dump tons of salt on icy road surfaces to make driving safer.dump something in/into something He found a can of beef stew and dumped it in a saucepan to heat
to give someone a particular job or make them responsible for a particular person or thing assign somebody a task/role Ive been assigned the task of looking after the new students. assign somebody to some thing Jans been assigned to the Asian Affairs Bureau. assign somebody to do something Madison was assigned to investigate a balloon accident. assign somebody something Assign each student a partner. 2to give a particular time, value, place etc to something: How much time have you assigned for the meeting? assign something to something A code was assigned to each batch of work. 3to give money, equipment etc to someone to use assign something to somebody A personal bodyguard had been assigned to her. assign somebody something They assigned me a small room.
Compact (v.): to press something tightlytogether.“...when the dirt was in the ground, it was compacted”p.34e.g.Drink cans are now compactedfor recycling.Essam
Reluctantly (adv.): not wanting to do something and therefore slow to do it. “Reluctantly, he climbed up out of his hole” p.34 e.g. She reluctantly did her homework.Essam
Previously (adv.): happening or existing before something. “and once again dug his shovel into his previously dug dirt” p.34 e.g. He was previously employed as a tour guide, and now he is teaching English.Essam
To get a positive result afterward.Its beneficial."It pays to go to sleep early. That way youre nottired in class."