Exceptional Verbs(Verbs which are not followed by gerunds or infinitives)Created by Holly Cin
Causative Verbs “Causative verbs” are used to expressthe idea that X causes Y to do something. Causative verbs are have, get, and make. Passive causative means that I causesomething to get done by somebody else.
Make + object(followed by the simple verb) If I make you do something, I make you do it by force or by compulsion. You’ll doit, but it will be done against your will. For example, in class today, I made Rayan give me his money when I pointed thegun at him. He had no choice. He did it against his will. We have an expression in English that goes, “The devil made me do it.” In otherwords, its not my fault because I had no choice. (I didn’t want to eat that cake but the devil made me do it!) Mothers often make their children eat vegetables.Musical Lesson: "I Cant Make You Love Me If You Dont," by Bonnie Raitthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nW9Cu6GYqxoThis is a song about unrequited love. So sad!
Have + object(followed by the simple verb) If I have you do something for me, it means I haveasked you to do something for me.Example: I had a leak in my bathroom, so I called theplumber, and I had him fix the leak.Example: I was very thirsty when I came home so I askedmy son to bring me a glass of water. In other words, Ihad him bring me a glass of water. In other words, Icaused him to get me the water.
Get + object(followed by the infinitive)If I get you to do something, I convince, persuade, or“encourage” you to do something that you didnt want to dowillingly at first.Example: Many of the students did not want to makegerund slides for me, but I got them to do it by remindingthem about letters of recommendation which they mightneed from me one day.Sometimes I get my children to help me with things byoffering them rewards (in other words, by bribing them).Musical Lesson:
Passive Causative:Have or get + object(followed by the past participle)Example: I had my house painted (by the painter). Ipaid the painter which caused him to do the work forme. He agreed to do the work.Other examples:I had my nails done (by the manicurist).I had my hair cut (by the barber or the beautician).I got my car repaired (by the mechanic).You have to get your computer fixed (by the guy whofixes the computers).
Other “exceptional” verbsLet and helpVerbs of Perception
Let + object(followed by the simple verb) The lesson to learn here is that the simple verb follows "let,”as in “let’s go,” “let’s eat,” or “let me help you.”Musical Lesson:"Dont Let the Sun Go Down On Me," by Elton Johnhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FI5xme5k5AQ “If You Love Me, Let Me Know,” by Olivia Newton John http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnG6i7DWV7M
Help + object(followed by the infinitive or by the simple verb) He helped me do my homework. He helped me to do my homework.Both are equally correct.Can you help him open the door?Can you help him to open the door?Again, both are equally correct.Musical Lesson:“Help Me, Rhonda,” by the Beach Boyshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81BjS3k_FZ8What does the singer want Rhonda to help him (to) do?
Verbs of Perception, part 1 Certain verbs of perception are followed by either the simple verb or thegerund. These verbs are see, notice, watch, look at, observe, hear, listen to, feel, andsmell Both of the following sentences are correct and their meaning is similar, butnot the same:1. I heard the rain fall on the roof.2. I heard the rain falling on the roof.So what’s the difference? The gerund form suggests that the event was inprogress; it emphasizes the idea of “while.” In other words, I heard the rainwhile it was falling on the roof. However, there really is NOT a big differencehere between the two sentences.
Verbs of Perception, part 2:When there is a difference However, sometimes there is a clear difference betweenusing the simple verb and the gerund after a verb ofperception. The use of the gerund gives the idea that anactivity is already in progress at the point of perception. Example 1: When I entered my apartment, I heard myroommate singing in the shower.When I heard her, the singing was already in progress. Example 2: Last night, I heard Mariah Carey sing.This means that I heard the singing from beginning to end—theentire concert. It was not in progress when I first heard it.