Exceptional Verbs(Verbs which are not followed by gerunds or infinitives) Created by Holly Cin
Causative Verbs “Causative verbs” are used to express the idea that X causes Y to do something. Causative verbs are have, get, and make. Passive causative means that I cause something to get done by somebody else.
Make + object (followed by the simple verb) If I make you do something, I make you do it by force or by compulsion. You’ll do it, but it will be done against your will. For example, in class today, I made Rayan give me his money when I pointed the gun at him. He had no choice. He did it against his will. We have an expression in English that goes, “The devil made me do it.” In other words, its not my fault because I had no choice. (I didn’t want to eat that cake but the devil made me do it!) Mothers often make their children eat vegetables. Musical Lesson: "I Cant Make You Love Me If You Dont," by Bonnie Raitt http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nW9Cu6GYqxo This is a song about unrequited love. So sad!
Have + object (followed by the simple verb) If I have you do something for me, it means I have asked you to do something for me.Example: I had a leak in my bathroom, so I called the plumber, and I had him fix the leak.Example: I was very thirsty when I came home so I asked my son to bring me a glass of water. In other words, I had him bring me a glass of water. In other words, I caused him to get me the water.
Get + object (followed by the infinitive) If I get you to do something, I convince, pursuade, or “encourage” you to do something that you didnt want to do willingly at first. Example: Many of the students did not want to make gerund slides for me, but I got them to do it by reminding them about letters of recommendation which they might need from me one day.Sometimes I get my children to help me with things by offering them rewards (in other words, by bribing them).Musical Lesson:
Passive Causative: Have or get + object (followed by the past participle) Example: I had my house painted (by the painter). I paid the painter which caused him to do the work for me. He agreed to do the work. Other examples:I had my nails done (by the manicurist). I had my hair cut (by the barber or the beautician). I got my car repaired (by the mechanic). You have to get your computer fixed (by the guy who fixes the computers).
Other “exceptional” verbs Let and help Verbs of Perception
Let + object (followed by the simple verb) The lesson to learn here is that the simple verb follows "let,” as in “let’s go,” “let’s eat,” or “let me help you.” Musical Lesson: "Dont Let the Sun Go Down On Me," by Elton John http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FI5xme5k5AQ “If You Love Me, Let Me Know,” by Olivia Newton John http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnG6i7DWV7M
Help + object (followed by the infinitive or by the simple verb) He helped me do my homework. He helped me to do my homework.Both are equally correct.Can you help him open the door?Can you help him to open the door?Again, both are equally correct.Musical Lesson:“Help Me, Rhonda,” by the Beach Boyshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81BjS3k_FZ8What does the singer want Rhonda to help him (to) do?
Verbs of Perception, part 1 Certain verbs of perception are followed by either the simple verb or the gerund. These verbs are see, notice, watch, look at, observe, hear, listen to, feel, and smell Both of the following sentences are correct and their meaning is similar, but not the same: 1. I heard the rain fall on the roof. 2. I heard the rain falling on the roof.So what’s the difference? The gerund form suggests that the event was in progress; it emphasizes the idea of “while.” In other words, I heard the rain while it was falling on the roof. However, there really is NOT a big difference here between the two sentences.
Verbs of Perception, part 2: When there is a difference However, sometimes there is a clear difference between using the simple verb and the gerund after a verb of perception. The use of the gerund gives the idea that an activity is already in progress at the point of perception. Example 1: When I entered my apartment, I heard my roommate singing in the shower.When I heard her, the singing was already in progress. Example 2: Last night, I heard Mariah Carey sing.This means that I heard the singing from beginning to end—the entire concert. It was not in progress when I first heard it.