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  • 1. 10StepslistoneThanks to Lin, Shay, Ileana, Veronica,Mohammad, Eiman, Chune, Fatimah,Bank, Vu, and Kyoung
  • 2. Tribulation (n) When one goes through a period of worrying situations.A state of trouble, or a bad event that causes suffering or trouble. e.g :Their tribulation has finally passed
  • 3. VERBOSE(ADJ.)• containing more words than necessary :wordy• given to wordiness • — ver bose lyadverb • — ver bose nessnoun • — ver bos i tynoun• e.g. • He is a verbose speaker. • She has a verbose writing style.
  • 4. BIZARRE(ADJ.) • strikingly out of the ordinary: as• a: odd, extravagant, or eccentric in style or mode • b: involving sensational contrasts or incongruities • — bi zarrelyadverb • — bi zarre nessnoun • e.g. • I just heard the most bizarre story. • She wore a bizarre outfit.
  • 5. somber(adj.) • Definition: 1. dark and dull, as color, or as things in respect to gloomily dark; shadowy; dimly lighted: a somber passageway. 2. color: a somber dress. 3. gloomy, depressing, or dismal: a somber mood. 4. Example: 5. It was a fun movie, but the ending was rather somber
  • 6. poignant(adj.) Definition: a. Profoundly moving; touching b. Physically painful c. Keenly distressing to the mind or feelings Example :Something that is poignant affects you deeply and makes you feel sadness or regret.
  • 7. heinous(adj.) Definition: hateful; odious; abominable; totally reprehensible Example: Even the most heinous of crimes began when someone made a wrong choice and gave into temptation.
  • 8. charlatan(n.) Definition: a person who pretends or claims to have more knowledge or skill than he or she possesses; quack. Example: But he was also a charismatic showman with a touch of the charlatan about him, and he loved a good spectacle.
  • 9. Provoke (v)1. to cause a reaction or feeling, especially a suddenoneprovoke debate/discussionex.The novel has provoked fierce debate in the US.provoke somebody into (doing) somethingex. She hopes her editorial will provoke readers intothinking seriously about the issue.provoke somebody to do somethingex.Emma, though still at school, was provoked to helptoo.2.to make someone angry, especially deliberatelyex. The dog would not have attacked if it hadnt beenprovoked.provoke somebody into (doing) somethingex. Paul tried to provoke Fletch into a fight.http://www.mobilemarketingwatch.com/twitter-pegged-to-help-provoke-the-biggest-pay-per-view-buyrate-in-entertainment-history-15141/
  • 10. Eradicate (v) to completely get rid of something such as a disease or a social problem eradicate something from something ex. We can eradicate this disease from the world. —eradicationnoun[non-count]
  • 11. Placebo (n) [countable] a harmless substance givento a sick person instead ofmedicine, without tellingthem it is not real. Placebosare often used in tests inwhich some people take realmedicine and others take aplacebo, so that doctors cancompare the results to see ifthe real medicine worksproperly. ex. I feel better after taking a placebo.http://marksinthemargin.blogspot.com/2012/01/placebo-effect.html
  • 12. Permeate (v)1.if liquid, gas etc. permeates something, it enters it and spreads through every part of it ex. The smell of diesel oil permeated the air.2. if ideas, beliefs, emotions etc permeate something, they are present in every part of it ex. Science and Technology continues to permeate our life.http://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjoc/content/figures/1860-5397-6-86-1.png?scale=3.0&max-width=1024&background=FFFFFF
  • 13. Atrophy: wasteaway, degenerate. Atrophy of mybrokenleg
  • 14. Indigenous: native (adj.) Thecamel , eagle and the cactus are indiguenouslifeforms in thedesert.
  • 15. Innocuous: harmless (adj.) I am innocuous!!!
  • 16. Component (n): Part of a largerthing
  • 17. Retreived from http://www.latinamericanstudies.org IMPEDE (transitive verb) im-’pēd To interfere with or slow the progress of something or someone. E.g.: The fence between Mexico and the US impedes undocumented immigrants to cross the border.  Impediment (n) Synonyms: Obstruct, encumber. Antonyms: Facilitate, assist.
  • 18. HETEROGENEOUS (adjective) he-tə-rə-’jē-nē-əs Consisting of dissimilar or diverse ingredients or constituents.E.g.: Combine all the heterogeneous ingredients(cake mix, eggs, and semisweet chocolate chips) in a large bowl until moistened.  Heterogeneously (adv) Synonyms: varied, indiscriminate. Heterogeneity (n) Antonyms: homogeneous.
  • 19. HOMOGENEOUS (adjective) hō-mə- ‘jē-nē-əs, -nyəs a) Of the same or a similar kind or nature. b) Of uniform structure or composition throughout. Homogenize (verb) Antonyms: disunite, separate. Homogeneously (adv) Synonyms: Homogeneousness (n) homogenize, integrate. E.g.: Bake 45 to 50 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in center of the homogeneous cake comes out clean.
  • 20. OPPORTUNE (adjective ä-pər-’tün, -’tyün occurring at an appropriate time.E.g.: An opportune Touchdown gave the Championship to the local team.  Opportunely (adv)  Opportunity (n)  Opportunism (n)  Opportuneness (n) Synonyms: timely, seasonable. Antonyms: inopportune, untimely.
  • 21. Dexterous (adj.)def: demonstrating neat skill, esp. with handssyn: handy, skillful, neat, nimble, savvy, smooth, masterly,
  • 22. Extrude (v)def: thrust or force outsyn: thrust out, force out, expel, emit, reject.
  • 23. Disconcerting (adj)def: causing one to feel unsettledsyn: unsettling, discomfiting, disturbing, unnerving, troubling
  • 24. Commend (v)def: praise officially or formally.syn: praise, compliment, applaud, congratulate, salute,honnor
  • 25. Adverse(adj)Definition:-acting against or in a contrary direction. EX.:-He said it could have adverse effects on confidence and growth.
  • 26. Definition:- one that defends or maintains a cause or proposal. EX.:-She works as a consumer advocate.
  • 27. Definition:Harsh , loudEX.: it was a RAUCOUS party lastnight
  • 28. Affluent( adj ) :Having a great deal of money; wealthy( noun ) : A person who is well-off financially.e.g: She is an affluentwidow who gives generously to many worthwhilecharities.
  • 29. Animosity( a noun ) : Strong hostility, dislike , ill willorenmitythattendstodisplay itself in actione.g :I just hope that it doesnt cause anyanimositybetween the two sets of fans.
  • 30. Idiosyncrasy(noun) : A mode of behavior or way of thought peculiar toan individual.e.g : All people have at least one idosyncracythat makesthem different from each other
  • 31. I embellish my slide with the embellished things.Embellish (vt.), Embellished (adj.)** to improve or beautify by adding detail or ornament;adorn**
  • 32. The company needed a hero to rectify the situation. to fix; to put right; to correct; to remedy VERB
  • 33. stringentstrin‧gent(adj)Definition: stringent law, rule, standard etc is very strict and must beobeyedSynonyms: tough, strict,rigidAntonym: easy, gentle, relaxed.Company cars have proved to be less popular since the taxation rules havebecome more stringent.Fatimah
  • 34. DistraughtDis-traught(adj)Definition: so upset and worried that you cannot think clearlySynonyms: anxious, in panic.Antonym: calm, gladdened.She was distraught because she did not do well in the test.Fatimah
  • 35. chagrinchag‧rin(n,v)Definition: annoyance and disappointment because something has nothappened the way you hoped.Synonyms: upset, frustration.Antonym: joy, pleasure.The rejection of his proposal chagrined him deeply.Fatimah
  • 36. ostentatiousOs-ten-ta-tious(adj)Definition: something that is ostentatious looks very expensive and isdesigned to make people think that its owner must be very rich.People whoareostentatious like to show everyone how rich they are.Synonyms: flashy, showy.Antonym: modest, plain.He was vain and ostentatious.She carried her car keys on an ostentatious gold key ring.Fatimah
  • 37.  Def. – State of acting separately Part of Speech ◦ Autonomous (Adj) Example ◦ The universities are anxious to preserve their autonomy from central government.
  • 38.  Def. - describes something that is not active or growing, but which has the ability to be active at a later time Example ◦ The long-dormant volcano has recently shown signs of erupting.
  • 39.  Def. - to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected Example ◦ Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.
  • 40.  Def. - stupid or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at; ridiculous Other Parts of Speech ◦ Ludicrousness (N) ◦ Ludicrously (Adv) Example ◦ The babylooked ludicrous in that suit!
  • 41. Feign (v) Feignedly [feynd] (adv.) (adj.)*Definition/Synonyms: 1.pretended; sham; counterfeit:feigned enthusiasm. 2. assumed;fictitious:a feigned name. 3. disguised:afeigned voice*Antonyms: real; actual*Example sentence: Therewillbebustleandexcitement,real andfeigned.
  • 42. Leniency (n) Leniently (adv.) [lee-nee-uhnt, leen-yuhnt] (adj.)*Definition: When someone in authority is lenient, they arenot as strict or severe as expected.*Synonyms: agreeably tolerant; permissive; indulgent;generous*Antonyms: selfish; mean*Example sentence: He believes the government already islenient with drug traffickers.
  • 43. Harshness (n) [hahrsh] (adj.) Harshly (adv.)*Definition: Something that is harsh is so hard, bright, orrough that it seems unpleasant or harmful.*Synonyms: ungentle; hard; tough; severe*Antonyms: easy; simple*Example sentence: The punishment was harsh and unfair.
  • 44. [fyoot-l, fyoo-tahyl] (adj.) Futility (n)*Definition: If you say something is futile, you mean there isno point in doing it, usually because it has no chance ofsucceeding; incapable of producing any result*Synonyms: useless; trifling; frivolous; trivial; vain*Antonyms: serious; weighty*Example sentence: Futile attempt to obtain a better look.