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New york

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  • 1. American Urbanization & New York City Joshua M. Holloway
  • 2. • New York Herald; by James Gordon Bennet• Modern journalism was created; gave the reader what the people wanted to hear; politically independent• First Herald papers, 3 suicides, 3 murders, a fire which killed 10 people, and an accident which involved a shooting in the face.• Pre modern paper—owned by certain political party, expensive, and not much circulation
  • 3. The Famine-Irish Immigrants• More Irish in New York than anywhere else other than Dublin.• Irish and african-americans thrown into competition for the worst dwellings and lowest playing jobs• Irish death rate 3 times higher than the rest of the city
  • 4. Roaring 20’s• Shift in economic times; “2nd industrial revolution”• Mass production of new consumer goods; automobiles, washing machines, household appliances• For ordinary people for the first time.• Need to be good at advertising and marketing
  • 5. Barnum’s American Museum• American Museum started when Barnum bought Scudder’s museum• Building was a mix between a museum, lecture hall, wax museum freak show, zoo, and theatre.-Brought eager audiences from all around
  • 6. F. Scott Fitz Gerald • Moved to New York amongst many others trafficking in • Great American novelist • Break up with Zelda caused a 3 day drinking binge, right after, rewrote old-rejected manuscript, got in the papers and started becoming popular instantly
  • 7. Harlem• An explosion of artistic culture, mainly by African Americans, came out of Harlem starting around 1910• Poetry, novels, painting, jazz, etc.• Made new opportunities for the poor who lived around there since the culture started gaining reputation
  • 8. “A Merger”• New York’s success of becoming the national metropole was due to it’s leaders abilities to envision the future path of national economy; then strategically adapt.• 2 major examples: -The building of the Eerie canal which controlled exports to Europe -The “triangle” trade (between N.Y., the “cotton farming” south, and Britain)
  • 9. “the Great transatlantic MiGrations”• 1870-1920—migrations to and from America, across the Atlantic, occurred• 3 major factors that caused and helped: -Steam powered transportation -Absence of political and legal restraints -Job opportunity; potential agriculture and industrial development
  • 10. Comparative Migration• America took in almost any foreigner who came; included every country in Europe and beyond• Argentina & Brazil took in mostly Mediterraneans• Canada took in exclusively Irish and British• American took in more than 6 times what South America received
  • 11. “Birds of Passage”• “Birds of Passage”: Immigrants who came to earn America’s capital, then go back home with the earned money• Did not pledge to America’s allegiance; led to harsh anti-immigration laws