As we depend more and more on the Internet for information, we need to remember…even if you find it on the Web, it still belongs to the person who created it.And, the ownership of these creations is protected under the U.S. Copyright Law.
Literary works Musical works Dramatic works Pantomimed and choreographed works Pictorial, graphic, and sculptured works Motion pictures and audiovisual works Sound recordings These types of work are protected under the law.
How does a piece of work qualify for copyright protection? It must be
Watch out… Just because it doesn’t say “copyright” doesn’t mean it isn’t.
Works created before 1989 require the copyright notice.
Since 1989 works do not have to have the copyright notice, but they are still protected under the law.
It begins with its creation and ends 70 years after the death of the creator.
So, you find a great photograph on the internet you would like to use in your lesson…. Do you have to ask the creator permission to use it? http://www.flickr.com/photos/csessums/828692131/in/photostream
FAIR USE is the right of the public to make reasonable use of copyrighted material in special circumstances without the permission of the owner of the work. The Copyright Act of 1976 Section 107
Allows the use of copyrighted materials without written permission or payment when the benefit to society outweighs the cost to the copyright owner.
Explicitly allows use of copyrighted materials for educational purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.
Four factors to considerwhen establishing if a use is fair: The purpose and character of the use The nature of the copyrighted work The amount you want to use in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole The economic effect (Balance the rights of the owners and users.)
Five questions to ask yourself when establishing if the use is fair: Are you creating something new or just copying? Are you competing with the source you are copying from? Does citing the work mean you do not have to ask permission or you can use as much as you want? How much are you copying? How important to the original is the material you want to copy? The more you copy, the less likely it is really fair use.
General Guidelines Types of Media and Permissible Amounts Motion media: Up to 10 percent of the total or three minutes, whichever is less. Text material: Up to 10 percent of the total or 1,000 words, whichever is less. An entire poem of less than 250 words may be used, but no more than three poems by one poet or five poems by different authors in an anthology. For poems exceeding 250 words, 250 words should be used but no more than three excerpts from one poet or five excerpts from different poets in the same work Music, lyrics, and music video: up to 10 percent of the work but no more than 30 seconds of the music or lyrics from an individual musical work. Illustrations or photographs: no more than five images from one artist or photographer. no more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a collection. Numerical data sets: up to 10 percent or 2,500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table. Copying of a multimedia project: no more than two copies may be made of a project. http://www.edu-cyberpg.com/Teachers/copyrightlaw.html
Fair use http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/videos/podcasts/fair-use-media-literacy-education Please watch video for more information.
Public Domain There are some materials not covered by copyright laws: Works whose copyright has expired Works released to the public domain by the creator Government documents
CREATIVE COMMONS An alternative to copyright Allows the creators of pieces of work to grant some or all rights to use their works to the public Avoids problems with copyright laws when sharing creative works Creators choose how to share their works Allow you to exchange, share, access, and modify works
CREATIVE COMMONS Please watch video for more information. http://creativecommons.org/videos/wanna-work-together
Creators’ Choices How do they want to share their works? Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give credit the way you request. . Share Alike You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work. Non Commercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for non commercial purposes only. No Derivative Works You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it. http://creativecommons.org
CC offers Six Types of Licenses Attribution Attribution Share Alike Attribution No Derivatives Attribution Non-Commercial Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives http://creativecommons.org
Places you can find works using CC…. http://www.Flickr.com/creativecommons/ http://commonswikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page www.jamendo.com www.ccmixer.org
What Comes Next? Practice what you preach; preach what you practice. Become good stewards of creative works, both yours and others. Give credit where credit is due – to the original creator of the work.