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Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
Spina bifida
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  • 1. Spina Bifida Pim parakul Mr.Holly Human Interaction Spring 2011
  • 2. Definition
    • A birth defect that results from a mistake early in the development of the spinal cord.
    • (Hosick, Howard L. )
  • 3. Causes and Symptoms
    • The development of the fetal nervous system is the most complicated process during pregnancy. It starts a few weeks after conception and continues until well after birth. The earliest steps are the most crucial, because the basic plan of the nervous system must be established accurately if it is to work properly later.
    • (Hosick, Howard L. )
  • 4. Effects
    • Difficulties with feeding
    • Difficulties with swallowing
    • Difficulties with breathing
    • Choking
    • Arm stiffness.
    • (Arthur Schoenstadt, MD)
  • 5. Assitance
    • There is no known cure for nerve damage due to spina bifida .
    • (www.wikipedia.org)
  • 6. Treatment
    • To prevent further damage of the nervous tissue and to prevent infection, pediatric neurosurgeons operate to close the opening on the back.
    • (www.wikipedia.org)
  • 7. Help
    • I can help people with spina bifida by volunteer at the SBA which there are a lot of spina bifida to take care.
  • 8. Work Cited
    • Hosick, Howard L. "Spina bifida." Magill’s Medical Guide, Sixth Edition . Ed. Tracy Irons-Georges, 6th ed. 6 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2010. Salem Health Web. 07 Apr. 2011.
    • &quot;Effects of Spina Bifida.&quot; Nervous System . Clinaero, Inc. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://nervous-system.emedtv.com/spina-bifida/effects-of-spina-bifida.html>.
    • &quot;Spina Bifida.&quot; Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spina_bifida>.
  • 9.
    • THE END!

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