Muscular dystrophy

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Muscular dystrophy

  1. 1. Muscular Dystrophy Yareli Ochoa Mr.Holley Human Interaction Spring 2011
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>A group of related diseases that attack different muscle groups, are progressive and genetically determined, and have no known cure. </li></ul>Image and Text from Magill's Medical Guide.
  3. 3. Symptoms <ul><li>Symptoms vary with the different types of muscular dystrophy. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the muscles may be affected. Or, only specific groups of muscles may be affected, such as those around the pelvis, shoulder, or face. Muscular dystrophy can affect adults, but the more severe forms tend to occur in early childhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms include: </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation (only present in some types of the condition) </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle weakness that slowly gets worse </li></ul><ul><li>Drooling </li></ul><ul><li>Eyelid drooping </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent falls </li></ul><ul><li>Problems walking (delayed walking) </li></ul>© (2011 University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). )
  4. 4. Life Long Effects <ul><li>In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the heart muscle may become thickened and weakened. The limbs may become deformed, and abnormal curvature of the spine may develop progressing more rapidly after the child is wheelchair bound. In the later stages, weak muscles and scoliosis may cause difficulty breathing, and there may be increased risk of life-threatening chest infections. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Muscular dystrophy.&quot; Complete Home Medical Guide . 2004. eLibrary . Web. 07 Apr. 2011 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Assistance <ul><li>An important aspect in treating MD is to maintain a full range of motion in </li></ul><ul><li>joints and muscles for as long as possible. Passive stretching is a common </li></ul><ul><li>treatment. In this type of stretching, someone else moves the patient's </li></ul><ul><li>body through different stretches. A physical therapist or another person </li></ul><ul><li>trained in this type of treatment most often does passive stretching since </li></ul><ul><li>too much pressure can sometimes cause injury. It is common for parents of </li></ul><ul><li>children with MD to learn how to perform these movements because this </li></ul><ul><li>treatment needs to be done frequently. Passive stretching also helps </li></ul><ul><li>maintain overall mobility and slow the development of contractures. </li></ul>&quot;Muscular Dystrophy.&quot; Teen Health and Wellness.
  6. 6. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot; Muscular dystrophy.&quot; Magill's Medical Guide, 4th Rev. ed. . 2008. eLibrary . Web. 07 Apr. 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>© 2011 University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). All rights reserved. UMMC is a member of the University of Maryland Medical System, 22 S. Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. TDD: 1-800-735-2258 or 1.800.492.55 </li></ul><ul><li>Hinds, Maurene. &quot;Muscular Dystrophy.&quot; Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen, 2011. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. <http://www.teenhealthandwellness.com/article/240/muscular-dystrophy>. </li></ul>

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