Muscular Dystrophy Yareli Ochoa Mr.Holley Human Interaction Spring 2011
A group of related diseases that attack different muscle groups, are progressive and genetically determined, and have no known cure.
Image and Text from Magill's Medical Guide.
Symptoms vary with the different types of muscular dystrophy.
All of the muscles may be affected. Or, only specific groups of muscles may be affected, such as those around the pelvis, shoulder, or face. Muscular dystrophy can affect adults, but the more severe forms tend to occur in early childhood.
Mental retardation (only present in some types of the condition)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the heart muscle may become thickened and weakened. The limbs may become deformed, and abnormal curvature of the spine may develop progressing more rapidly after the child is wheelchair bound. In the later stages, weak muscles and scoliosis may cause difficulty breathing, and there may be increased risk of life-threatening chest infections.
"Muscular dystrophy." Complete Home Medical Guide . 2004. eLibrary . Web. 07 Apr. 2011
An important aspect in treating MD is to maintain a full range of motion in
joints and muscles for as long as possible. Passive stretching is a common
treatment. In this type of stretching, someone else moves the patient's
body through different stretches. A physical therapist or another person
trained in this type of treatment most often does passive stretching since
too much pressure can sometimes cause injury. It is common for parents of
children with MD to learn how to perform these movements because this
treatment needs to be done frequently. Passive stretching also helps
maintain overall mobility and slow the development of contractures.
"Muscular Dystrophy." Teen Health and Wellness.