Muscle dystrophy

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Muscle dystrophy

  1. 1. Muscle Dystrophy By Alex Barragan
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// md.caremedia.org/images/scoliosis.jpg </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why does this occur? <ul><li>Muscular dystrophy can occur at different ages of a person's life, ranging from infancy to middle age or later. The type of the disease is based in part on when in a person's life muscular dystrophy appears. It also depends on the severity of the muscle weakness, which muscles are affected, the rate of symptom progression, and the way the disease arises. Some types of muscular dystrophy affect only males; others affect both males and females. Some sufferers still enjoy a normal life span with mild symptoms that progress very slowly, while others experience fast and severe muscle weakness and wasting, dying in their late teens to early 20s. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/398719/muscular-dystrophy >. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Muscle Dystrophy Characteristics <ul><li>are a group of hereditary disorders characterized by progressive muscular atrophy and weakness. In most varieties the muscles of the limb girdles—the pelvic and shoulder muscles—are involved </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/398719/muscular-dystrophy >. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definition <ul><li>muscular dystrophy,   hereditary disease that causes progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles . Of the several types of muscular dystrophy, the more common are Duchenne, facioscapulohumeral, Becker, limb-girdle, and myotonic dystrophy . In all of these there is usually early evidence of degeneration and then regeneration of some muscle fibres. Those fibres that regenerate become larger than normal, and eventually the muscles are totally replaced by fibrous scar tissue and fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/398719/muscular-dystrophy >. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Long term Affects <ul><li>Most common long term effects is wasting of muscles. Ending up in a wheelchair or using crutches. Not being able to cook your own food, brush your own teeth or even role over in bed. You may be on a breathing pump to help you breath. Taking medication to help with your heart or having a pacemaker fitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.webmd.com/parenting/understanding-muscular-dystrophy-basics </li></ul>
  7. 7. Photo Credits <ul><li>http://md.caremedia.org/images/scoliosis.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;muscular dystrophy.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online . Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. < http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/398719/muscular-dystrophy >. </li></ul><ul><li>http://i2.listal.com/image/1480761/300full.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/parenting/understanding-muscular-dystrophy-basics </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gazette.net/images/2009_0708/poebo070809w_rgbb.jpg </li></ul>
  8. 8. The End <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>http://i2.listal.com/image/1480761/300full.jpg </li></ul>

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