Multiple sc;erosis

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Multiple sc;erosis

  1. 1. Multiple Sclerosis Evelyn Arroyo Mr. Holley Human Interaction Spring 2011
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>“ Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects the central nervous system, which includes the brain and the spinal cord.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Marshall Brain) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is myelin important? <ul><li>“ In Multiple Sclerosis, the immune system attacks </li></ul><ul><li>myelin --the protective coating on nerve cells. Without the protective coating, nerve cells have difficulty doing their job and sending signals.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Marshall Brain) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Disruption of communication </li></ul><ul><li>between the brain and other parts </li></ul><ul><li>of the body prevent normal passage </li></ul><ul><li>of sensations and control </li></ul><ul><li>messages ” </li></ul><ul><li>( The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms <ul><li>the symptoms of MS vary widely from person-to-person and from stage-to-stage of the disease. Initial symptoms often include: </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle weakness, causing difficulty walking </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of coordination or balance </li></ul><ul><li>Numbness, &quot;pins and needles,&quot; or other abnormal sensations </li></ul><ul><li>Visual disturbances, including blurred or double vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Later symptoms may include: </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle spasticity and stiffness </li></ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Vertigo </li></ul><ul><li>Speech or swallowing difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of bowel and bladder control </li></ul><ul><li>Incontinence, constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness in one or both legs is common, and may be the first symptom noticed by a person with MS. Muscle spasticity, or excessive tightness, is also common and may be more disabling than weakness. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Long-life Effects <ul><li>“ The damage that MS causes can affect: </li></ul><ul><li>--the eyes, which have thousands of nerve fibers to carry visual Information from the retina to the brain, as well as nerve cells controlling the eye's muscles </li></ul><ul><li>--muscle coordination and strength, because nerve fibers have direct control of all muscles </li></ul><ul><li>--speech, which is controlled by muscles in the throat, mouth and tongue </li></ul><ul><li>--bladder and bowel control” </li></ul><ul><li>(Marshall Brain) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Assistance/Treatments <ul><li>there are three drugs approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis which have been shown to affect the course of the disease. None of these drugs is a cure, but they can slow disease progression in many patients. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Works Cited <ul><li>http://health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/healthcare-providers/shepherd-center8.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/scic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&prodId=SCIC&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE|A54823312&mode=view </li></ul>

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