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# Longitude and latitude

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### Longitude and latitude

1. 1. The earth is often divided into two hemispheres, the Northern and Southern. Everything north of the equator<br />is in the Northern Hemisphere and everything south of the equator is in the Southern Hemisphere. <br />north of <br />the equator<br />Northern<br />Hemisphere<br />equator<br />Southern <br />Hemisphere<br />south of the equator<br />
2. 2. Lines of latitude are measured in degrees (°). The numbers on the lines of latitude show how far that line is north or south of the equator. Anywhere you are on a specific line of latitude, you are the same degrees from the equator no matter where you are on that line.<br />40°<br />N<br />equator<br />0°<br />40°<br />
3. 3. The earth can also be divided into eastern and western hemispheres. This division is along the Prime Meridian (0°). <br />prime meridian<br />Eastern Hemisphere<br />Western<br />Hemisphere<br />west of the <br />prime meridian<br />east of the<br />prime meridian<br />0°<br />
4. 4. All vertical lines on the map are lines of longitude. They are parallel to the prime meridian. Thus they never cross over the prime meridian. <br />Use a pen to draw other lines of longitude on the map.<br />prime meridian<br />E<br />W<br />
5. 5. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />Equator<br />The Prime Meridian<br />
6. 6. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />30N Latitude,30E Longitude<br />
7. 7. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />39N Latitude,100W Longitude<br />
8. 8. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />33N Latitude,118W Longitude <br />
9. 9. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />28N Latitude,86E Longitude<br />
10. 10. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />0 Latitude,78W Longitude <br />
11. 11. Language Objectives: the Equator, the Prime Meridian, Latitude, Longitude, North, South, West, East, Hemisphere<br />40S Latitude,150E Longitude<br />