Memory Tutorial

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This tutorial corresponds with Module B Lesson 3 and should be used by students in my online Psyc 300 class at American River College.

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Memory Tutorial

  1. 1. Memory Errors Module B Lesson 3 Tutorial Created by: Professor Hokerson American River College Last Updated: Fall 2015
  2. 2. Using this Tutorial • Use the navigation buttons at the bottom of the screen. • Click on hyperlinks when prompted. • Have fun and learn!
  3. 3. Table of Contents (TOC) • Objectives • Module B Objectives #33, 43, 44, and 47 • Action Items • Stage Model of Memory • Biology of Memory • Forgetting • False Memories • Eyewitness Testimony • Memory Fun Facts • Conclusions
  4. 4. MODULEB OBJECTIVES By the end of this tutorial you will be able to… #33 – Explain the Stage Model of Memory, including the capacity, duration, and function of information, and the strategies used to retain information at each stage #43 - Explain encoding failure, decay theory, interference theory, and motivated forgetting #44 - Explain how source confusion, the misinformation effect, schema distortion, imagination inflation, and false familiarity can produce false memories #47– Identify different brain structures and their roles in the storage and retrieval of memory
  5. 5. ACTION ITEMS
  6. 6. Stage Model of Memory • Read! In order to master memory you must first understand how information is stored in memory. Read Chapter 6 pages 228 – 238. • Sensory memory is quick and short (up to 3 seconds) • Information must be paid attention to and rehearsed in short term memory to get to long term memory • Information also moves from long-term memory into short- term memory when it is retrieved
  7. 7. Biology of Memory • Watch! Click here to watch a great video an PBS that explores the biological basis of memory. • Read! In the textbook Chapter 6 you should review these sections: • Focus on Neuroscience– page 258 • Brain Structures Involved in Memory – pages 263 - 264 • Alzheimer’s Disease– pages 264 – 265 • Focus on Neuroscience – page 264 • Summarize: On a sheet of paper summarize the parts of the brain that are involved in memory and their responsibilities in the processes of memory. • Simulation! Click here to test your knowledge of the biological basis of memory using my Quizlet simulation.
  8. 8. Forgetting • Read: There are many factors which can explain why we forget which can be found on pages 243 – 248 in Chapter 6: • Encoding failure • Decay theory • Interference theory • Motivated Forgetting • Activity! Here is a simulation which summarizes many of these factors. • Simulation! Click here to practice rehearsing these factors using my Quizlet simulation.
  9. 9. Imperfect Memories • Read: Review pages 248 – 255 in Chapter 6. • Summarize: On a sheet of paper identify the factors that can change memory, producing false memories. Identify the research method used and the concepts effect on memory. • Question: Is memory truly reliable? Concept Research Method Effect Misinformation effect Source confusion Schema distortion Imagination inflation False familiarity Blending Fact/Fiction Suggestion
  10. 10. Eyewitness Testimony • Read: Why is eyewitness identification so problematic? Here are some of the explanations that can explain eyewitness misidentification on the Kentucky Department of Public Advocacy’s website. • Question: How do these variables relate to what you are learning this week about memory? • Watch! Eyewitness testimony can ruin lives. Learn more by watching the videos below. • Eyewitness Testimony Part 1 • Eyewitness Testimony Part 2
  11. 11. Memory Fun Facts (Youwillnotbetestedontheselinks,buttheyare interesting!) • Watch! This is a video about people who can remember every day and detail of those days of their lives. Researchers have called this superior autobiographical memory. • Endless Memory Part 1 • Question: How is this possible? • Watch! For answers to your skepticism, here is an explanation of the biological basis of this phenomenon. • Endless Memory Part 2 • Read: Want to learn more about memory? Here are some interesting answers to some questions about memory!
  12. 12. Conclusions • Memory is an active process. • Information has to be paid attention to and rehearsed to be stored in the memory system. • Memory can be understood as structural changes to the brain. • The brain is integrated and therefore memory is processed in multiple structures and regions within the brain. • Memory is fallible. • Memory is a reconstruction therefore it is subject to errors. • Memory is entirely subjective.
  13. 13. One last thing… • In this lesson you’ve learned a lot about the processes of memory, which should have helped you to come up with more effective study habits. On page 235 your book also offers some great suggestions for improving those study habits, so be sure to go back and review their strategies! • Don’t be this cat, and just try to read the book. Use your time wisely to maximize your memory!
  14. 14. MODULEB OBJECTIVES After completing this tutorial you should now be able to… #33 – Explain the Stage Model of Memory, including the capacity, duration, and function of information, and the strategies used to retain information at each stage #43 - Explain encoding failure, decay theory, interference theory, and motivated forgetting #44 - Explain how source confusion, the misinformation effect, schema distortion, imagination inflation, and false familiarity can produce false memories #47– Identify different brain structures and their roles in the storage and retrieval of memory

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