032712 whap wwii facism 50m
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032712 whap wwii facism 50m 032712 whap wwii facism 50m Presentation Transcript

  • RIGHT CORNER >: 1) Write: Name: _, Period: _,Date: 03/27/17, Topic: FacismLEFT CORNER <: Write “Opener #17” and then:1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours2) Rate your comprehension for thisweek’s material so far: lost<1-5>easy3) Respond to the Opener by writingat least 1 sentences about:Your opinions/thoughts OR/ANDQuestions sparked by the clip OR/ANDSummary of the clip OR/AND
  • Agenda1) Italian & German AggressionWhy am I learning this?1) How did fascism take control?Reminder1) Keep up with your reading, quizMonday
  • Opener # Misc Notes Name2)Hi & Lo…………………………………………. Period2) # Rating Past Understanding……………… Date3) Opinion, Question or Summary…………… TopicNavigation NotesSection Notes HereTitles:Notes orActiv #A Activity Write Ups“Title” + SOMETIMES SIGNATURES + STAMPSMemoryCues +QuestionsREFLECTION #: CLOSER HERE
  • Opener 1 Permission Slip Due Fri Bruce Lee2)Hi-talked with friends, Lo-Feeling tired Period 22) 23) Why was Japan’s military modernization 8/25/17turn out better than China’s? Asian ImperialismNotes #1a Meiji Emperor more symbol than powerMeiji Young, handsome, wore Western clothesEmperorActiv #1a 1) 3 because tradition is importantDebate 2) 5 because survival is most importantActiv #1b 1) The reason students returned was nationalism.Reading 2) I think people are more individualistic today.Military #1Ruso War?Reflection #1: Closing your country to threats can weaken you.
  • Notes #17a, Title: “Italian Aggression”1) Italy (1861): Relatively new country, united by Victor Emmanuel II2) WWI Italy: Joined the allies with promise of Austrian land, but didn’t receive it.
  • 3) Weakness of Italian Democratic Monarchy:a) Political Parties Fight: Partisanship weaken govb) Corruption: Politicians being boughtc) Labor Riots: Unemployed troops and inspiration from new USSR (1917) Proportional Gov System: Chart of Italys current splintered gov
  • 3) Benito Mussolini (1883-1945): ‘Il Duce’ organized veterans (mad+trained=power) + protestors into Fascist Party (Symbolizing: sticks bundle to make an axe)4) Fascist Party: Unity + authority a) Black Shirts (Fascisti): Party security beat up opponents b) Ultranationalism: Promoted extreme Ital. pride5) Fascism: Belief your ppl better than others + suppresses dissenters (Japan, Italy, Germany)
  • 6) Mussolini Rises to Power (1922): Supporters march/control Rome and take power (army+rich)a) Fear: Opposition arrested/exiled/killedb) Propaganda: Censor+Use mass media to promotec) Youth Education: Youth train to obeyd) Public Works: Builds public works to create jobse) Military Victory: War promoted nationalism7) Second Italo-Abyssinian (Ethopian) War (1935):To revenge 1895 loss (bio-chem. warfare used)
  • 8) Totalitarianism: Gov has total power. Italy (1922), Russia (1917, Stalin-1924), Japan (1927), will model for Germany (1933). FASCISM: COMMUNISM: Private Property/ Common: Community Capitalism (Directed towards war Power to Property/Forced Labor production) controlYes to Social Classes everything, No Social Classes(Tradition and wealthy (Radical cultural hierarchy reinforced) stop dissent change and no rich)
  • Activ #17a, Title “Italian Facism”1) Pretend you are an Italian WWIveteran. You were lucky to survive.You come home to find out that yourcountry was betrayed by the Treaty ofVersailles. You can’t find a job. Italy’sgov is in chaos and it’s economy isweak.Write how would feel listening toMussolini talk about how Italy is agreat and powerful country, all wehave to do is stand up and take whatis rightly ours.Be Prepared to Present
  • Review1) Treaty of Versailles (1919): Allies meet to decide Germany’s fate (Germany + Russia NOT invited).a) Germany accepts full blame for the warb) Germany cedes it’s western land back to Francec) France gets access to German coal depositsd) German army reduced to 100k, zero planes/subse) Germany pay $30 billion ($2 trillion), lose patents f) German and Ottoman colonies given to allies g) East Europe unified under multiethnic countries: Yugoslavia+Czechoslovakia to deter Russian power
  • Notes #17b, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”1) Weimer Republic: Weak post Kaiser/WWI democratic gova) Blamed for Treaty of Vers.b) Econ Problems: Unemployed + Reparationsc) Communism grows w. poor UK/France adopt many Socialist programs to prev com.)2) Hyper Inflation: Weimerprint money, faith lost in Weimer$1USD = 1920:4DM,21: 64DM 22: 800DM,23:4.2 Trillion DM
  • 3) Dawes Plan: Allies owe US > US loans Ger. > Ger. can pay Allies < Allies can pay US
  • 4) Credit Drive Roaring 1920s:a) US profits from WWIb) US banks loan Eur.c) Global consumer demand increase (loans+new products+mass media advertising)d) US biz take out loans to produce moree) Biz profits drive up stocksf) Ppl take out loans to buy more stocks (push stocks higher)
  • 5) Cause Great Depression:a) US wages rose slowly, consumer loans increased, but ppl max out loans+stop buying (1923-1929, wages up 8%, biz profits up 65%)b) US Biz overproducec) US passes tariffs (taxes) on Eur. goods to make pll buy US goods, so Eur. couldn’t make enough $ to pay back US or buy US goodsd) b-c lead to biz can’t sell much, can’t pay loanse) c-d lead to bank closuresf) Banks reduce loans to Eur.=global recession (Except USSR, which was unaffected, and GROWS in prestige)
  • 6) Adolf Hitler (1889-1945): HS dropout, failed artist, decorated WWI veteran (enjoyed WWI)
  • 7) National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party):a) 1919: Takes over the National Socialist German Workers Party, (Nazi Party) 1919: 200 1920: 2000, 1927: 40,000, 1935: 2 mil membersb) Restore strong gov (Kaiser like) + jobs/wagesc) Storm Troopers (SA): Nazi party security
  • Activ #17b, “Party Election Debate”1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why.2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end).1 2 3 4 5PRO: Vote for Nazi Party CON: Vote for Traditional Parties1) Strong gov needed to 1) Democratic gov needsrestore German power to be preserved2) Strong gov needed to 2) Economy will sooncreate jobs improve, jobs will return3) War is a natural state 3) War is behind modernfor humankind civilization
  • Notes #17c, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”8) Beer-Hall Putsch (1923): (Inspired by Mussolini) w 600 Nazis, tries to take over gov, fails, sent to prison (gets lite sentence b/c Weimer never got rid of pro-Kaiser judges)9) Mein Kampf (My Struggle): In prison, wrote his ideasa) Ger/Eur. Aryans master raceb) WWI was lost b/c of betray of Jews (1% of Ger.)c) Only a strong gov can save Germanyd) Ger is destined to expand, its ppl need living space (lebensraum)
  • “Blood mixture and the resultdrop in the racial level is thesole cause of the dying out ofold cultures; for men do notperish as a result of lost wars,but by the loss of that force ofresistance which is continuedonly in pure blood. All who arenot of good race in this worldare chaff.”Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler
  • The workers have awakened.
  • Notes #17c, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”10) Post Depression Elections (1930s):• 1932: Nazis + Communists rising rivals• Nazi Strategy:i) Micro-research voter needs: “will” over detailsii) Air travel to rallies in small towns over citiesiii) Becomes largest minority party: not majority!
  • Work and Food
  • Notes #17c, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”c) 1/1933: Rich (conservatives) back Hitler to create a majority, making him chancellor (irony: Nazi’s were starting to lose elections)
  • Activ #17c, “Hitler Inclusion Debate”1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why.2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end).1 2 3 4 5PRO: Back Hitler CON: Back the Communist1) Hitler respects 1) Communist want tocapitalism make things more equal2) Hitler is power hungry 2) Communist want tobut can be controlled, help the peoplehe’s not that smart 3) Communist want to3) Hitler believes in revolutionize society
  • Notes #17c, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”d) 2/1933: Mysterious fire burns down parliamentcrazy Dutch Communist caught
  • “If public security and order areseriously disturbed or endangeredwithin the Reich, the Presidentof the Reich may take measuresnecessary for their restoration,intervening if need be with theassistance of the armed forces.For this purpose he may suspendfor a while, in whole or in part,the fundamental rights.”Weimer Constitution Article 48
  • Notes #17c, Title: “Rise of the Nazis”e) 3/1933: Ger. constitution allows Hitler to freeze indiv rights: speech/media, privacy, propertyf) 7/1933: All other parties banned
  • Activ #17d, “Enabling Act Debate”1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why.2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end).1 2 3 4 5PRO: Give Up Freedoms CON: Preserve Freedoms 1) The greatness of a1) The capitol has been country is its laws, not itsburned down, the gov is buildingsweak, strength is needed! 2) If rights are given up,2) Terrorist can be more terrorists have alreadyeasily caught without the won regardless if they arerestriction of the laws caught
  • Activ #17e, Title “Using History: Stop Evil”Hypothetical: A billionaire has givenyou $100 million to start a NGO (non-governmental organization)dedicated to overthrowing dictatorsaround the world.1) With your group, come up with anaction plan. Use your knowledge ofhistory. 3 action items, be ready topresent.
  • “Video: Rise of Hitler”1) Copy Source Title: Fatal Attraction2…) Discuss questions on the boardwith a partner. Summarize yourdiscussion (include their name at theend). Remember participation pointsare deducted if off task.5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work SectionsTime Bookmark: EE: 58:08, HY: ,10:35 Race
  • Notes #17d, Title: “Nazi Life”1) Hitler made Supreme Leader/Führer (8/1934):a) Hitler source of all lawsb) Only state run church allowedc) Rebuild military + starts public works (highways, arenas) = jobsd) Fought Communist
  • 2) Hitler’s Youth (Hitlerjugend): Boys must join ideological/military training units
  • Notes #17d, Title: “Nazi Life”1) Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945): Control mediaa) Symbolism, advertising, music, mass ralliesb) Non-conforming books banned/burnedc) Big Lie Theory: long+big enough, ppl believe
  • Title “Video: Adolph Hitler”1) Copy Source Title: Rise of Evil2…) Discuss questions on the boardwith a partner. Summarize yourdiscussion (include their name at theend). Remember participation pointsare deducted if off task.5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work SectionsTime Bookmark: 00:00
  • Review1) Treaty of Versailles (1919): Allies meet to decide Germany’s fate (Germany + Russia NOT invited).a) Germany accepts full blame for the warb) Germany cedes it’s western land back to Francec) France gets access to German coal depositsd) German army reduced to 100k, zero planes/subse) Germany pay $30 billion ($2 trillion), lose patents f) German and Ottoman colonies given to allies g) East Europe unified under multiethnic countries: Yugoslavia+Czechoslovakia to deter Russian power
  • 2) Totalitarianism: Gov has total power. Italy (1922), Russia (1917, 1924), Japan (1927), will model for Germany (1933). FASCISM: COMMUNISM: Private Property/ Capitalism (Directed Shared: Community Property/Forced towards war production) Power to Labor control No Social Classes Yes Social Classes(Tradition and wealthy everything. (Radical cultural hierarchy reinforced) change and no rich)
  • 3) Weimer Republic: Weak post Kaiser/WWI democratic gova) Blamed for Treaty of Vers.b) Econ Problems: Unemployed + Reparationsc) Communism growing among poor (UK/France adopt many Socialist programs for veterans)4) Hyper Inflation: Weimer govprint money, faith lost in Weimer$1USD = 1920:4DM,21: 64DM 22: 800DM,23:4.2 Trillion DM
  • 5) National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party):a) 1919: Takes over the National Socialist German Workers Party, (Nazi Party) 1919: 200 1920: 2000, 1927: 40,000, 1935: 2 mil membersb) Fought for strong gov/pride + jobs/wagesc) Storm Troopers (SA): Nazi party military
  • 6) Post Depression Elections (1930s):a) 1932: Nazis + Communists risingb) 1/1933: Weimer (+rich) back Hitler, making him Chancellorc) 2/1933: Mysterious fire burns down parliamentd) German constitution allows Hitler to suspend indiv. rights: press/speech, privacy, propertye) 7/1933: All other parties banned
  • Reflection #17 (place at the end of today’s work)Pick the 1 most important thing youlearned today to share with your partner.1) Write down the main idea oftoday.(include their name).2) Summarize Mr. Chiang’s closingremarks