Open | Linked | Open Linked data

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Primer on 20 years of library science. Lessons learned from open access publishing, new question that popped up, solutions that were proposed: content syndication, context-sensitive reference linking, appropriate copy problem, and adding time-dimensions to the web.

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Open | Linked | Open Linked data

  1. 1. Open | Linked | Open Linked ~Belgian`Maffia’ Library Research~ Caroline Arms @hochstenbach Ghent University
  2. 2. Wishful thinking is essential to good engineering, and certainly essential to good computer science Gerald Jay Sussman
  3. 3. Open
  4. 4. 1991
  5. 5. http://xxx.lanl.gov
  6. 6. XXX 1991
  7. 7. NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991
  8. 8. NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 NDLTD 1993
  9. 9. NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 NDLTD 1993 REPEC 1997
  10. 10. CogPrints 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 NDLTD 1993 REPEC 1997
  11. 11. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 NDLTD 1993 REPEC 1997
  12. 12. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 Stanford NDLTD 1993 REPEC 1997
  13. 13. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 Stanford NDLTD 1993 REPEC Caltech 1997
  14. 14. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 e-Biomed Stanford NDLTD 1993 REPEC Caltech 1997
  15. 15. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 e-Biomed Stanford NDLTD 1993 HighWire REPEC Caltech 1997
  16. 16. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 ?! ?! Stanford e-Biomed NDLTD 1993 HighWire REPEC Caltech 1997
  17. 17. CogPrints MIT 1997 NCSTRL XXX 1993 1991 e-Biomed Stanford !! NDLTD 1993 HighWire REPEC Caltech 1997
  18. 18. Search? Search? Search? Search? Search? Search? Search?
  19. 19. Harvest? Harvest? Harvest? Harvest? Harvest? Harvest? Harvest?
  20. 20. Search | Harvest Z39.50 | Google Closed | Open Fat Server | Fat Client
  21. 21. Harvest! OAI-PMH • http://<baseURL>?verb=Identify • http://<baseURL>?verb=ListMetadataFormats • http://<baseURL>? verb=ListRecords&metadataPrefix=oai_dc • Libraries in every major language: Java, C, Python, Ruby, Perl,...
  22. 22. ~Data Providers~ Library Catalogs, Every University Repository, Archives, Museums, Publishers, E-Learning ~Services Providers~ Google, OAISter, Driver, Many many national, international & consortium hubs
  23. 23. Linked
  24. 24. 1999
  25. 25. paper electronic
  26. 26. ?! ?! paper electronic
  27. 27. X
  28. 28. ?? X
  29. 29. ?? X
  30. 30. ?? X X
  31. 31. ?? ?! ?! X X
  32. 32. !! !!
  33. 33. Links Metadata or Where do you come from? Who are you? Content hat are you searching (context)? Metadata What is available? Where is it available? Under which conditions it is available?
  34. 34. http://journal.org/issue.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html X about:JohnDoe http://twitter.com/JohnDoe
  35. 35. http://journal.org/issue.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html X about:JohnDoe http://twitter.com/JohnDoe
  36. 36. http://journal.org/issue.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html http://catalog.org/JohnDoe.html X about:JohnDoe http://twitter.com/JohnDoe OpenURL SFX
  37. 37. OpenURL + SFX • http://<baseURL>? isbn=...&title=...&author=... • (when author -> catalog lookup) • (when ISSN=... and YEAR > 2000 -> pubA) • (when ISSN=... and YEAR < 2000 -> storeB)
  38. 38. ~Data Providers~ Catalogs, Journals, Scientific Databases, Library Homepages, Google Scholar, ~OpenURL Link Resolvers~ Ex Libris, OCLC, Bowker, EBSCO, Serials Solutions, Sirsi,... ~Services Providers~ Catalogs, Journals, Scientific Databases, ...
  39. 39. Open Linked
  40. 40. 2009
  41. 41. T0 http://somewhere.org
  42. 42. T0 http://somewhere.org T1
  43. 43. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2
  44. 44. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3
  45. 45. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4
  46. 46. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4 ?! ?!
  47. 47. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4 http://somewhere.org !! !!
  48. 48. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4 http://somewhere.org !! !!
  49. 49. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4 http://somewhere.org !! !! T3
  50. 50. T0 http://somewhere.org T1 T2 T3 T4 http://somewhere.org !! !! T3
  51. 51. MEMENTO Internet Archive Pandora MediaWiki http://somewhere.org Content-Negotiation Drupal APACHE RDF (OAI-ORE) with all versions/ locations
  52. 52. ~ Implementations ~ Apache, MediaWiki ~ Clients ~ Firefox plugins, Android Kudo’s from Tim & Tim (O’Reilly, Berners-Lee)
  53. 53. References • Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=Structure+and +Interpretation+MIT&aq=f • XXX http://publish.aps.org/EPRINT/ginsparg.html • OAI-PMH http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Archives_Initiative • OpenURL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenURL
  54. 54. References • Memento http://www.mementoweb.org/

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