Presentation of cassava value chains 04 mar 2013_english
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    Presentation of cassava value chains 04 mar 2013_english Presentation of cassava value chains 04 mar 2013_english Presentation Transcript

    • CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SCC VIET NAM & INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Presented by Ho Cao Viet Quy Nhon, 5-6 March 2013 Institute of Agricultural Sciences for Southern Vietnam
    • PPRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION OFRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION OF CASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET & VIETNAMCASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET & VIETNAM
    • PRODUCTION OF CASSAVA IN THE WORLD Source: FAO, 2011
    • TRADE OF CASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET Source: FAO, 2011
    • PRICE OF CASSAVA CHIP AND STARCH Source: FAO, 2011
    • CASSAVA PRODUCTIVITY IN SCC PROVINCES 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Production(1000Ton) Bình Định Phú Yên Ninh Thuận Source: General Statistic Office (2011 & 2012)
    • CASSAVA PRICE – CULTIVATED AREA IN BINH DINH Source: calculated from survey data 2009-2012 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 VND/ha 12.6 12.8 13 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.8 14 14.2 1000ha Root price Chip price Cultivated area Log. (Cultivated area)
    • METHODOLOGY & METHODS
    • METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Describe & positioning structure of chain Financial & cost-benefit analysis Agents & overall chain Strategy & Intervention to improvement of chain Feedback of local beneficiaries New projects /programs Qualitative & Quantitative methods
    • FINANCIAL PARAMETERS IN VALUE CHAIN OF CASSAVA Inputs Total production (P) Intermediate costs (I.C) Value of main products Value of by- products Input materials Added Value (VA) Hired labor cost Financial cost Taxation Gross Profit (GPr) Depreciation Net Profit (NPr)
    • VALUE ADDED ANALYSIS OF OVERALL CHAINS IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading P Farmer P Processing P Trading VA Farmer + VA Processing + VA Trading IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading GPr Trading VA chain
    • DESCRIPTION AND POSITIONING CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN
    • SUPPLY CHAIN OF CASSAVA FOR EXPORT Product line Production stage Marketing stage Cassava producers Collectors Starch factories Export market Fresh root Fresh root Fresh root Starch
    • SUPPLY CHAIN OF CASSAVA IN DOMESTIC MARKET Product line Production stage Marketing stage Cassava producers Collectors Processing units Dealer Fodder manufactures Chips Chips Chips Cassava dried powder
    • DESCRIPTION CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SCC Starch processing factories Export market (80% exported to China) Agri- product companies Fodder manufactur es 30% starch 100% bait (fibre) Midlemen in district & province 7% root Cassava producers (100% root) Collectors in village 7% root 12% root Small-scale husbandry 10% chip Collectors in commune Midleman in district & province 60 % chip 20%chip Flour processing unit in local 40% chip 20% chip Domestic market (local markets in district) 40% dried flour 11% root
    • CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN
    • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF AGENTS IN CASSAVA CHAIN Parame ters Farmer Local collector Dealer Process ing unit Factory Root Chip Root Chip P 28 30 1.5 3.2 3.4 4.04 6.36 IC 9.16 (32.7) 9.16 (30.5) 1.4 (98.0) 3.03 (94.9) 3.21 (94.4) 3.45 (85.5) 5.55 (87.2) VA 18.84 (67.3) 20.84 (69.5) 0.1 (2.0) 0.16 (5.1) 0.19 (5.6) 0.59 (14.5) 0.81 (12.7) GPr 12.42 12.26 0.03 0.14 0.12 0.33 0.46 Unit: 1,000 VND Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
    • SHARING CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN EXPORTATION CHAIN Exportation of starch VA GPr NPr 1,000VND % 1,000VND % 1,000VND % Whole chain 4,455 100 2,738 100 2,504 100 -Farmer 3,298 74 2,174 79.4 2174 86.8 -Collector 350 7.9 102 3.7 98 3.9 -Factory 807 18 462 16.9 232 9.3 Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
    • SHARING CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN DOMESTIC CHAIN Domestic consumption VA GPr NPr 1,000 VND % 1,000 VND % 1,000 VND % Whole chain 3,005 100 1,838 100 1,758 100 -Farmer 2,105 70.1 1,239 67.4 1,239 70.5 -Collector -Middleman 162 5.4 143 7.8 139 7.9 -Wholesaler 190 6.3 124 6.7 88 5.0 -Enterprise 548 18.2 332 18.1 292 16.6 Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
    • FEEDBACK OF BENEFICIARIES ON CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT
    • 12 questions relating to strategy and solution for improvement of chain 14 samples of beneficiaries: 7.1% farmers; 7.1% local collector; 14.3% processing unit; 21.4% factory; 50% officer/staff in DARD/local government
    • INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT OF CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SSC
    •  Applying new varieties (high productivity & starch), short duration (7.1 & 92.9%)  Coordinating farmer-to-farmer (in self- help group) (28.6 & 71.4%)  Applying & transferring technologies (chemical & manure fertilizer application) (7.1 & 78.6%) TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY ON-FARM
    •  Training farmers processing and storage techniques, using cassava by- products for animals & beef-cattle (not suitable: 42.9%; very suitable: 57.2%)  Training on marketing skill (35.7 & 64.3%)  Using available media means to inform timely market information TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY ON-FARM (CONT.)
    • IMPROVE VALUE CHAIN & MARKET INFORMATION  Investing on high added value processing technologies (pharmaceuticals, cosmetic, industrial chemicals, bio-fuels, etc) (35.7 & 64.3%)  Transparence of market information & transaction mode farmer-factory (root sampling) (35.7 & 57.1%)  Contracting farmer-factory (28.6 & 71.4%)
    • IMPROVE VALUE CHAIN & MARKET INFORMATION (CONT.)  Doing market study & master plan for cassava supply chain (50 & 35.7%)  Diversifying market, both domestic & exportation . Avoid depending on Chinese market (42.9 & 50%)
    • THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION !