Presentation of cassava value chains 04 mar 2013_english

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Presentation of cassava value chains 04 mar 2013_english

  1. 1. CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SCC VIET NAM & INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Presented by Ho Cao Viet Quy Nhon, 5-6 March 2013 Institute of Agricultural Sciences for Southern Vietnam
  2. 2. PPRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION OFRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION OF CASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET & VIETNAMCASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET & VIETNAM
  3. 3. PRODUCTION OF CASSAVA IN THE WORLD Source: FAO, 2011
  4. 4. TRADE OF CASSAVA IN GLOBAL MARKET Source: FAO, 2011
  5. 5. PRICE OF CASSAVA CHIP AND STARCH Source: FAO, 2011
  6. 6. CASSAVA PRODUCTIVITY IN SCC PROVINCES 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Production(1000Ton) Bình Định Phú Yên Ninh Thuận Source: General Statistic Office (2011 & 2012)
  7. 7. CASSAVA PRICE – CULTIVATED AREA IN BINH DINH Source: calculated from survey data 2009-2012 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 VND/ha 12.6 12.8 13 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.8 14 14.2 1000ha Root price Chip price Cultivated area Log. (Cultivated area)
  8. 8. METHODOLOGY & METHODS
  9. 9. METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Describe & positioning structure of chain Financial & cost-benefit analysis Agents & overall chain Strategy & Intervention to improvement of chain Feedback of local beneficiaries New projects /programs Qualitative & Quantitative methods
  10. 10. FINANCIAL PARAMETERS IN VALUE CHAIN OF CASSAVA Inputs Total production (P) Intermediate costs (I.C) Value of main products Value of by- products Input materials Added Value (VA) Hired labor cost Financial cost Taxation Gross Profit (GPr) Depreciation Net Profit (NPr)
  11. 11. VALUE ADDED ANALYSIS OF OVERALL CHAINS IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading P Farmer P Processing P Trading VA Farmer + VA Processing + VA Trading IC Farmer IC Processing IC Trading GPr Trading VA chain
  12. 12. DESCRIPTION AND POSITIONING CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN
  13. 13. SUPPLY CHAIN OF CASSAVA FOR EXPORT Product line Production stage Marketing stage Cassava producers Collectors Starch factories Export market Fresh root Fresh root Fresh root Starch
  14. 14. SUPPLY CHAIN OF CASSAVA IN DOMESTIC MARKET Product line Production stage Marketing stage Cassava producers Collectors Processing units Dealer Fodder manufactures Chips Chips Chips Cassava dried powder
  15. 15. DESCRIPTION CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SCC Starch processing factories Export market (80% exported to China) Agri- product companies Fodder manufactur es 30% starch 100% bait (fibre) Midlemen in district & province 7% root Cassava producers (100% root) Collectors in village 7% root 12% root Small-scale husbandry 10% chip Collectors in commune Midleman in district & province 60 % chip 20%chip Flour processing unit in local 40% chip 20% chip Domestic market (local markets in district) 40% dried flour 11% root
  16. 16. CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN
  17. 17. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF AGENTS IN CASSAVA CHAIN Parame ters Farmer Local collector Dealer Process ing unit Factory Root Chip Root Chip P 28 30 1.5 3.2 3.4 4.04 6.36 IC 9.16 (32.7) 9.16 (30.5) 1.4 (98.0) 3.03 (94.9) 3.21 (94.4) 3.45 (85.5) 5.55 (87.2) VA 18.84 (67.3) 20.84 (69.5) 0.1 (2.0) 0.16 (5.1) 0.19 (5.6) 0.59 (14.5) 0.81 (12.7) GPr 12.42 12.26 0.03 0.14 0.12 0.33 0.46 Unit: 1,000 VND Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
  18. 18. SHARING CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN EXPORTATION CHAIN Exportation of starch VA GPr NPr 1,000VND % 1,000VND % 1,000VND % Whole chain 4,455 100 2,738 100 2,504 100 -Farmer 3,298 74 2,174 79.4 2174 86.8 -Collector 350 7.9 102 3.7 98 3.9 -Factory 807 18 462 16.9 232 9.3 Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
  19. 19. SHARING CONTRIBUTION OF AGENTS IN DOMESTIC CHAIN Domestic consumption VA GPr NPr 1,000 VND % 1,000 VND % 1,000 VND % Whole chain 3,005 100 1,838 100 1,758 100 -Farmer 2,105 70.1 1,239 67.4 1,239 70.5 -Collector -Middleman 162 5.4 143 7.8 139 7.9 -Wholesaler 190 6.3 124 6.7 88 5.0 -Enterprise 548 18.2 332 18.1 292 16.6 Source: Survey data, 2010-2012
  20. 20. FEEDBACK OF BENEFICIARIES ON CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT
  21. 21. 12 questions relating to strategy and solution for improvement of chain 14 samples of beneficiaries: 7.1% farmers; 7.1% local collector; 14.3% processing unit; 21.4% factory; 50% officer/staff in DARD/local government
  22. 22. INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENT OF CASSAVA VALUE CHAIN IN SSC
  23. 23.  Applying new varieties (high productivity & starch), short duration (7.1 & 92.9%)  Coordinating farmer-to-farmer (in self- help group) (28.6 & 71.4%)  Applying & transferring technologies (chemical & manure fertilizer application) (7.1 & 78.6%) TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY ON-FARM
  24. 24.  Training farmers processing and storage techniques, using cassava by- products for animals & beef-cattle (not suitable: 42.9%; very suitable: 57.2%)  Training on marketing skill (35.7 & 64.3%)  Using available media means to inform timely market information TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY ON-FARM (CONT.)
  25. 25. IMPROVE VALUE CHAIN & MARKET INFORMATION  Investing on high added value processing technologies (pharmaceuticals, cosmetic, industrial chemicals, bio-fuels, etc) (35.7 & 64.3%)  Transparence of market information & transaction mode farmer-factory (root sampling) (35.7 & 57.1%)  Contracting farmer-factory (28.6 & 71.4%)
  26. 26. IMPROVE VALUE CHAIN & MARKET INFORMATION (CONT.)  Doing market study & master plan for cassava supply chain (50 & 35.7%)  Diversifying market, both domestic & exportation . Avoid depending on Chinese market (42.9 & 50%)
  27. 27. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION !

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