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Civil disobedience Russian Strike 1905

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Civil disobedience Russian Strike 1905 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The People’s Strike In Russia (1905)
    Kyle Criscuolo, Alex Hagen, and Harry Muth
    Non-Violent Movement
  • 2. The Reforms of Alexander II
    “Emancipation” of the Serfs (mid 19th century)
    Insufficient Land
    Annual Sums to the Government
    Given poorest parts of their estates to the peasants
  • 3. The Tsar: Nicholas II
    • He was an autocratic dictator.
    • 4. Oppressed the majority of the people in Russia.
    • 5. Leader of Russia during Russo-Japanese War.
    • 6. Spent a lot of money on naval war against Japan
    • 7. Angered the people due to his little aid for them.
    • 8. Priorities were elsewhere
  • Russo-Japanese War
    • Nicholas II was over-confident in his efforts.
    • 9. Japan was beating the Russians at sea.
    • 10. fleet was losing
    • 11. Nicholas II believed that Russia would win in the end.
    • 12. Nicholas II pushed Russia further into battle and was
    • 13. forced to look for peace settlements having lost many battles.
    • 14. Poor use Of Money
  • GeorgiGapon (1870-1906)
    • Russian Priest
    • 15. Created the Assembly of Russian Workers
    • 16. Wrote up the Petition to combat Tzar working conditions
    • 17. Led the procession to the Winter Palace to present the petition
    • 18. Assassinated by Russian Secret Police for his profound influence on the working people
  • The Petition
    150,000 signed the petition
    Written in respectful terms (not demanding)
    Goals:
    Reduction in the working day (11 hours  8 hours)
    Increase in salaries
    Improvement of working conditions
    Establishment of universal suffrage
    End to Russo-Japanese War
  • 19. The March to the Winter Palace
    Working/Lower Class
    Four separate routes
    Dressed in finest attire
    No violence
  • 20. Bloody Sunday
    Lose-Lose situation for the Tsar
    Asking for reconsideration
    Working class attempts to achieve better conditions, wages, and hour
    Aftermath:
    92 dead
    Several hundred wounded
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7J6afJY9ab4&feature=related
  • 21. Effects of the Movement
    The massacre on Bloody Sunday infuriated the oppressed people of Russia
    Increased agitation with Government
    Made the masses aware
    Led to 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolution
    1905 = not very successful
    1917 – Nicholas II, the last Tsar, is taken out of Power
  • 22. Civil Disobedience: Effective or Not?
    Was not “successful” in that the Russians obtained their goals
    However:
    The people managed to voice their issue
    Gained national publicity
    1917 The people successfully fought for their rights
  • 23. Bibliography
    http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/russiaandukraine/a/rrevstimeline3.htm
    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1905_russian_revolution.htm
    http://depts.washington.edu/baltic/papers/russianrevolution.htm
    http://flag.blackened.net/revolt/anarchism/writers/anarcho/history/1905.html
    http://www.thecorner.org/hist/russia/revo1905.htm