Consciousness Mrs. Moses Jan. 2010
Consciousness <ul><li>Should  be studies because it can be linked with measurable behaviors. </li></ul>
Consciousness <ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on a particu...
Levels of Consciousness <ul><li>Preconscious Level </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious Level </li></ul><ul><li>Nonconscious Leve...
Preconscious Level <ul><li>Preconscious ideas are not in your awareness right now, but you could recall if you had to. </l...
Unconscious (Subconscious) Level <ul><li>Information is hidden </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailable to awareness under most circu...
Nonconscious Level <ul><li>Many of our biological functions  </li></ul>
Freud’s level of Consciousness <ul><li>See Page 106 </li></ul>
Altered States of Consciousness <ul><li>A person’s sense of self or sense of the world changes.  </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep i...
Sleep and Dreams <ul><li>Circadian rhythms- biological clocks </li></ul>
Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Defined by brain-wave patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Stage I- lightest sleep-brain-waves slow down fr...
Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Stage 1-30-40 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Move on to stages 2,3,4 </li></ul><ul><li>Stages 3 & 4 –sl...
Stages of Sleep <ul><li>After approx. ½ hr of stage 4 sleep, we begin a quick journey back to stage 3,2,1. </li></ul><ul><...
Stages of Sleep <ul><li>This is another stage of sleep – REM sleep – rapid eye movement, because our eyes are moving rapid...
Dreams <ul><li>May be in color or black and white </li></ul>
Dreams- Freud <ul><li>Dreams reveal what you really want </li></ul><ul><li>People dream in symbols </li></ul>
Dreams- Biophysiological Approach <ul><li>Dreams begin with biological not psychological activity.  </li></ul>
Sleep Problems <ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Nightmares and Night Terrors </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepwalking </li></ul><u...
Sleep Problems <ul><li>Insomnia: the inability to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to go to sleep can backfire because of in...
Insomnia <ul><li>Psychologists recommend the following techniques: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tense the muscles, one at a time,...
Nightmares and Night Terrors <ul><li>Night terrors more severe than nightmares.  </li></ul><ul><li>Night terrors tend to o...
Sleepwalking <ul><li>Sleepwalkers are not fully conscious and thus may be prone to accidentally hurting themselves.  </li>...
Sleep Apnea <ul><li>Is breathing interruptions that occurs during sleep.  </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs when a person’s air pas...
Narcolepsy <ul><li>People fall asleep no matter what time it is or where they are. </li></ul><ul><li>Treated with drug the...
Meditation <ul><li>Is a method some people use to try to narrow their consciousness so that stresses of the outside world ...
Biofeedback <ul><li>Feeding back information </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn to control certain body functions. </li></ul>
Hypnosis <ul><li>Is an altered state of consciousness in which people respond to suggestions and behave as though they wer...
Hypnosis <ul><li>Use as an anesthetic in certain types of surgeries. </li></ul><ul><li>Help clients overcome fears, reduce...
Hypnosis- How it is achieved <ul><li>Client asked to focus on an object </li></ul><ul><li>Become relaxed. </li></ul><ul><l...
Hypnosis- Effective? <ul><li>Police have used to jog memory </li></ul><ul><li>Can help people with the feeling of pain </l...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Depressants </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulants </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinogens </li></ul>
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Depressants: slow the activity of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Stimulants: increase the activity of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicotine: sp...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Stimulants </li></ul><ul><li>Amphetamines: help people stay awake, reduce appetite.  </li>...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><ul><li>Cocaine- derived from leaves of the coca plant.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used as a ...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Hallucinogens- produce hallucinations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marijuana- from cannabis sati...
Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>LSD-Lysergic acid diethylamide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effects not predictable. </li></ul></...
Treatments for Drug Abuse <ul><li>Detoxification </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Consciousness

1,534 views
1,435 views

Published on

Chapter 5 Psychology

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,534
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
40
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Consciousness

  1. 1. Consciousness Mrs. Moses Jan. 2010
  2. 2. Consciousness <ul><li>Should be studies because it can be linked with measurable behaviors. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Consciousness <ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on a particular stimulus-selective attention </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Inner Awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of Self </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Levels of Consciousness <ul><li>Preconscious Level </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious Level </li></ul><ul><li>Nonconscious Level </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preconscious Level <ul><li>Preconscious ideas are not in your awareness right now, but you could recall if you had to. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Unconscious (Subconscious) Level <ul><li>Information is hidden </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailable to awareness under most circumstances. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nonconscious Level <ul><li>Many of our biological functions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Freud’s level of Consciousness <ul><li>See Page 106 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Altered States of Consciousness <ul><li>A person’s sense of self or sense of the world changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep is one altered state of consciousness. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sleep and Dreams <ul><li>Circadian rhythms- biological clocks </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Defined by brain-wave patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Stage I- lightest sleep-brain-waves slow down from alpha rhythm to the slower pattern of theta rhythm. Transition may be accompanied by brief dreamlike images. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Stage 1-30-40 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Move on to stages 2,3,4 </li></ul><ul><li>Stages 3 & 4 –sleep is deep-brain produces delta waves- the slowest of the four patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 4 – Deeper sleep- greatest difficulty waking up. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>After approx. ½ hr of stage 4 sleep, we begin a quick journey back to stage 3,2,1. </li></ul><ul><li>After 90 minutes suddenly we breathe more irregularly, blood pressure rises, and the heart rate increases, brain waves become similare to stage 1. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>This is another stage of sleep – REM sleep – rapid eye movement, because our eyes are moving rapidly. </li></ul><ul><li>Preceding stage NREM sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>During an 8 hr night of sleep most people go through these stages about five times. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dreams <ul><li>May be in color or black and white </li></ul>
  16. 16. Dreams- Freud <ul><li>Dreams reveal what you really want </li></ul><ul><li>People dream in symbols </li></ul>
  17. 17. Dreams- Biophysiological Approach <ul><li>Dreams begin with biological not psychological activity. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sleep Problems <ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Nightmares and Night Terrors </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepwalking </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep apnea </li></ul><ul><li>Nacrolepsy </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sleep Problems <ul><li>Insomnia: the inability to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to go to sleep can backfire because of increased tension. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people use sleeping pills to cope with insomnia. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Insomnia <ul><li>Psychologists recommend the following techniques: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tense the muscles, one at a time, then let the tension go. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid worrying in bed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a regular routine, particularly for getting up and going to sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use pleasant images or daydreams to relax. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Nightmares and Night Terrors <ul><li>Night terrors more severe than nightmares. </li></ul><ul><li>Night terrors tend to occur during deep sleep (stages 3 and 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Night mares occur during REM sleep. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sleepwalking <ul><li>Sleepwalkers are not fully conscious and thus may be prone to accidentally hurting themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>May represent an immaturity of the nervous system. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Sleep Apnea <ul><li>Is breathing interruptions that occurs during sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs when a person’s air passages are blocked. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Narcolepsy <ul><li>People fall asleep no matter what time it is or where they are. </li></ul><ul><li>Treated with drug therapy and frequent naps. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Meditation <ul><li>Is a method some people use to try to narrow their consciousness so that stresses of the outside world fade away. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on peaceful, repetitive stimulus. </li></ul><ul><li>This focus helps people narrow their consciousness. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Biofeedback <ul><li>Feeding back information </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn to control certain body functions. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Hypnosis <ul><li>Is an altered state of consciousness in which people respond to suggestions and behave as though they were in a trance. </li></ul><ul><li>Began with Franz Mesmer- mesmerized. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Hypnosis <ul><li>Use as an anesthetic in certain types of surgeries. </li></ul><ul><li>Help clients overcome fears, reduce anxiety, manage pain. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Hypnosis- How it is achieved <ul><li>Client asked to focus on an object </li></ul><ul><li>Become relaxed. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnotic suggestibility </li></ul>
  30. 30. Hypnosis- Effective? <ul><li>Police have used to jog memory </li></ul><ul><li>Can help people with the feeling of pain </li></ul><ul><li>Quitting bad habits can be helped by post hypnotic suggestion </li></ul>
  31. 31. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Depressants </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulants </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinogens </li></ul>
  32. 32. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Depressants: slow the activity of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narcotics – addictive depressants used to relieve pain and sleep. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Stimulants: increase the activity of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicotine: spurs the release of adrenaline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces appetite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associated with serious health risks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gateway drug </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Stimulants </li></ul><ul><li>Amphetamines: help people stay awake, reduce appetite. </li></ul><ul><li>Methadrine- strongest formof the drug. </li></ul><ul><li>High doses can cause user to have delusions. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><ul><li>Cocaine- derived from leaves of the coca plant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used as a pain killer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overdoses can cause symptoms including restlessness, insomnia, trembling, headaches, nausea, convulsions, hallucinations and delusions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as crack </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>Hallucinogens- produce hallucinations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marijuana- from cannabis sativa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impairs perception and coordinations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gateway drug </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Drugs and Consciousness <ul><li>LSD-Lysergic acid diethylamide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effects not predictable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term effect- flashbacks </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Treatments for Drug Abuse <ul><li>Detoxification </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Support Groups </li></ul>

×