Portfolio as a Portfolio as a Process/Workspace Product/Showcase✦ Main activity: learning & collaboration ✦ Main activity: showcasing achievement✦ Organization: chronological ✦ Organization: thematic✦ Documenting growth over time ✦ Documenting achievement of for both internal and external standards, goals, learning outcomes for audiences primarily external audiences✦ Primary purpose: learning or ✦ Primary purpose: accountability or reﬂection employment✦ Reﬂection: immediate ✦ Reﬂection: retrospective
Portfolio as a Portfolio as a Process/Workspace Product/Showcase✦ Focus on artifact or learning ✦ Focus on standards, goals or experience learning outcomes✦ Assessment FOR Learning ✦ Assessment OF Learning✦ Formative Assessment ✦ Summative Assessment (feedback) (evaluation)✦ Portfolio as journey ✦ Portfolio as destination✦ Reﬂection leads to interactivity, ✦ Reﬂection leads to presentation and and feedback evaluation
A portfolio is botha process and a product.
ProcessThe portfolio “is the central andcommon point for the studentexperience . . . It is a reﬂection of thestudent as a person undergoingcontinuous personal development, notjust a store of evidence.” Geoff Rebbeck
Product“A portfolio is a purposeful collectionof student work that exhibits thestudent’s efforts, progress, andachievements in one or more areasover time.” Northwest Evaluation Association
Workspace“The portfolio is a laboratory wherestudents construct meaning from theiraccumulated experience.” Paulson & Paulson
Showcase“A portfolio tells a story. It is the storyof knowing. Knowing about things . . .Knowing oneself . . . Portfolios arestudents’ own stories of what theyknow, why they believe they know it,and why others should be of the sameopinion.” Paulson & Paulson
Metaphors for Portfolio
What are the affordances of digital portfolios?
Portfolio processes and value-added beneﬁt of technology Traditional portfolio Adding technology allows processes include enhancement through Collecting Archiving Selecting Linking Reﬂecting Storytelling Presenting Collaborating Sharing Connecting Celebrating PublishingAdapted from Helen Barrett, “Researching electronic portfolios and learner engagement,” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, March 2007
Technology provides multiple tools to support✦ Capturing and storing evidence✦ Reﬂecting✦ Giving and receiving feedback✦ Planning and setting goals✦ Collaborating✦ Presenting to an audience
We do notlearn fromexperience.We learn fromreﬂecting onexperience.~John Dewey
Digital Portfolio Examples from the InternationalStudies Schools Network bit.ly/KIgm6b
Key Questions about Digital Portfolio Implementation✦ How can digital portfolios be successfully used to demonstrate assessment for learning and assessment of learning?✦ What are the beneﬁts of developing digital portfolios as perceived by students, teachers, administrators, or parents?✦ What are the perceived obstacles to implementing digital portfolios, and how can they be overcome?
Key Questions about Digital Portfolio Implementation✦ How do digital portfolios provide evidence of deep learning?✦ What knowledge, skills, and dispositions/ habits of mind will students need to develop in creating their digital portfolios?✦ How can we integrate digital portfolios with what we know about social learning and interactivity?
Key Questions about Digital Portfolio Implementation✦ Under what conditions do students take ownership of their digital portfolios?✦ How can we use digital portfolios to help students become more engaged, motivated, and self-directed?✦ How can we make digital portfolio development a natural process integrated into everyday life?
All Images CC via Flickr✦ RFF Pass the Camera Project by Gene Wilburn✦ One Done by Daniel 1977✦ Portfolio Case by Streetﬂy JZ✦ Investment Portfolio by Iscan✦ Abstract Photo collection by catchesthelight✦ Puertas de Cartagena by Luz Adriana Villa✦ pottery in the making by dave~✦ 3 pots by cobalt 123✦ guiding touch by pangalactic✦ Pottery Factory by user.c
All Images CC via Flickr✦ Digital Portfolio Reﬂection Points langwitches✦ Soph Board Intro Ken Robinson by Talia Howard✦ OZ 318 by torres21✦ Lockers by darrendraper✦ Roof Reﬂection CC sharkbait✦ When we make our learning transparent, we become teachers by langwitches✦ Thinking by klmontgomery✦ Student Collaboration by wlibrary✦ Digital Collection by kyteacher
References✦ Helen Barrett, “Balancing the Two Faces of ePortfolios,” electronicportfolios.org/balance✦ Helen Barrett, “Metaphors for Portfolios,” electronicportfolios.org/ metaphors.html✦ Helen Barrett, “Researching electronic portfolios and learner engagement: The REFLECT Initiative,” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, March 2007✦ Philippa Butler, “Review of the Literature on Portfolios and Eportfolios,” 2006✦ Northwest Evaluation Association, quoted in Paulson, Paulson, and Meyer, “What Makes a Portfolio a Portfolio?” Educational Leadership, February 1991✦ F. Leon Paulson and Pearl R. Paulson, “What Makes a Portfolio a Portfolio?” Educational Leadership, February 1991✦ Geoff Rebbeck, quoted in Effective Practice with e-Portfolios: Supporting 21st Century Learning, JISC, September 2008