Renal failure

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Renal failure

  1. 1. Renal Failure <br />Holly Garland<br />
  2. 2. End Stage Renal Disease is losing all kidney function which results in the reduction to clear the necessary waste products from the blood.<br />Common effects of renal failure include anemia, hypertension, metabolic acidosis, muscle weakness, and elevated triglycerides along with reducing HDL cholesterol.<br />Overview<br />
  3. 3. Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes<br />Hypertension<br />Using medicine that contains acetaminophen regularly for a prolonged period of time<br />HIV<br />Kidney stones<br />Chronic kidney infections<br />Causes<br />
  4. 4. Low VO₂max due to the reduced heart rate<br />Anemia causing a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity<br />Muscle weakness<br />Limiting Factors for Exercise<br />
  5. 5. Symptoms may include:<br />General ill feeling and fatigue<br />Generalized itching and dry skin <br />Headaches <br />Weight loss without trying to lose weight <br />Appetite loss <br />Nausea<br />Symptoms when kidney function worsens <br />Abnormally dark or light skin<br />Bone pain <br />Brain and nervous system symptoms <br />Drowsiness and confusion<br />Problems concentrating or thinking <br />Numbness in the hands, feet, or other areas <br />Muscle twitching or cramps<br />Breath odor<br />Easy bruising, bleeding, or blood in stool<br />Excessive thirst<br />Frequent hiccups <br />Low level of sexual interest and impotence <br />Menstrual periods stop <br />Sleep problems, such, as insomnia, restless leg syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea <br />Swelling of the feet and hands <br />Vomiting, typically in the morning<br />Symptoms<br />
  6. 6. Antihypertensive<br />Erythropoietin<br />Paricalcitol<br />Calcium Acetate<br />Everyone with chronic kidney disease should be up-to-date on important vaccinations including:<br />Hepatitis A vaccine<br />Hepatitis B vaccine<br />H1N1 vaccine<br />Flu vaccine<br />Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV)<br />Medications/Vaccines<br />
  7. 7. Individuals have a VO₂max of approximately 20mL•kg⁻¹•min⁻¹<br />The individuals heart rate is usually reduced and accompanied by extreme blood pressure increases<br />Leg fatigue is one of the main reasons for terminating exercise<br />Exercise improves blood pressure, lipid profiles, and psychological profiles. Increasing functional capacity is a major objective for exercise therapy. <br />Using both resistance training and aerobic training are used to increase functional capacity.<br />Exercise Response for Individuals with ESRD<br />
  8. 8. Video<br />
  9. 9. www.healthtools.aarp.org<br />www.healthline.com<br />www.emedicinehealth.com<br />www.hamiltonhealthsciences.ca<br />Durstine, J. Larry., Moore, Geoffrey E. ACSM's Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Diseases and Disabilities. (2003). 2.149-153. American College of Sports Medicine (Janet P. Wallace).<br />www.youtube.com<br />Works Cited<br />

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