Paragraphs should be organized around one controlling idea that is usually stated in the topic sentence. are made up of supporting sentences that develop the main idea. are the product of synthesizing your research and your analysis. flow from one to the next using transitions.
Topic sentence Tells the reader what your paragraph is about Includes the topic of the paragraph (i.e. subtopic) and a particular feeling/feature about the topic. i.e. Through four decades of struggle and social change in the US, affirmative action (topic) has shifted from its original meaning and purpose (feature).
Body The main part of the paragraph Contains the information needed to support the topic sentence and understand the topic. Includes: Main points about subtopic Supporting details Research Analysis of information (connect to topic sentence) Organized in a logical order
Closing sentence Comes after all of the details have been included in the body of the paragraph Serves to: Remind your reader of the topic Summarize the paragraph
Transitions Link ideas together Paragraph to Paragraph May appear at the start or end of a paragraph. Sentence to Sentence Link ideas together within the body of a paragraph.