Avoiding Plagiarism

http://www.ololcollege.edu/archive_material/Plagiarism_Project/Image21.gif
Step 1: Read
• Think: What’s important?
What is the author
writing about?

http://www.youthbeat.com/Portals/33268/images/T...
Step 2: Think
ASK YOURSELF THESE
QUESTIONS:

• Is this information relevant
to my paper?
• Can I trust this resource?
• Do...
Step 3: Decide How to Proceed
• Use a direct quote?
– If you can’t say it any better yourself

OR

• Paraphrase?
– If you ...
But, how
do I do
these
things?

http://247magazine.co.uk/wp-content/themes/247magazine-images/2010/11/homealone2.jpg
How to Quote Directly
• Copy and paste the text you intend to use.
• Put quotation marks around it. (Both sides,
please.)
...
In-text
citation

Direct Quote (Notes)

• Siegel: “being constantly involved with
Facebook promoted a single-minded focus ...
In-text
citation

Direct Quote (Written Draft)

It’s hard to pinpoint what about Facebook
inspires users to hurt themselve...
How to Paraphrase
• USE YOUR OWN WORDS!
– None of this “I’ll only copy parts of it”-business.
• The parts you do copy will...
Paraphrasing (Notes)
• Original Text: “being constantly involved with
Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on
oneself--...
Paraphrasing (Written Draft)
• Original Text: “being constantly involved with
Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on
o...
How to Summarize
• USE YOUR OWN WORDS!
• SHORTEN THINGS UP!
– Summaries are shorter than the original.

• Write down only ...
Summary (Notes)
• Original Text: “being constantly involved with
Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on
oneself--one's...
Summary (Written Draft)
• Original Text: “being constantly involved with
Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on
onesel...
Works Cited
• Lunsford, Andrea A. Everyday Writer. New
York: Bedford, 2009. 181-83. Print.
• Siegel, Judy. "Link Found Bet...
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St avoiding plagiarismrev

  1. 1. Avoiding Plagiarism http://www.ololcollege.edu/archive_material/Plagiarism_Project/Image21.gif
  2. 2. Step 1: Read • Think: What’s important? What is the author writing about? http://www.youthbeat.com/Portals/33268/images/Teen-at-computer.jpg • You need to know what you’ve found in order to take notes on it. (DUH!) • Optional: Print out your articles/make a photocopy of your sources and read actively. – Use a pen/highlighter to identify important information.
  3. 3. Step 2: Think ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS: • Is this information relevant to my paper? • Can I trust this resource? • Do I need this information, or do I already have it? Then… • If you can answer “YES” to these questions, move on. • If you said “NO” to any of these questions, consider moving on and finding another source. http://mollymediastudios.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/bubble_thought_l.gif
  4. 4. Step 3: Decide How to Proceed • Use a direct quote? – If you can’t say it any better yourself OR • Paraphrase? – If you need the details of the text, but you can put it in your own words and not lose anything. OR • Summarize? – If you only need the main ideas of what you’ve read. Condensing the information will be enough.
  5. 5. But, how do I do these things? http://247magazine.co.uk/wp-content/themes/247magazine-images/2010/11/homealone2.jpg
  6. 6. How to Quote Directly • Copy and paste the text you intend to use. • Put quotation marks around it. (Both sides, please.) • Beneath the quote, explain, in your own words, the significance of this information. – If you can’t say it any better, you still ought to have a reason to include it. Explain that here.
  7. 7. In-text citation Direct Quote (Notes) • Siegel: “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.” • This means that the problem is directly connected to the amount of time the user spends on Facebook. • Being submerged in pictures of others all of the time encourages one to be self-conscious.
  8. 8. In-text citation Direct Quote (Written Draft) It’s hard to pinpoint what about Facebook inspires users to hurt themselves, but a study cited by Siegel states that “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a singleminded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.”This means that the problem is directly connected to the amount of time the user spends on Facebook. Being submerged in pictures of others all of the time encourages one to be self-conscious.
  9. 9. How to Paraphrase • USE YOUR OWN WORDS! – None of this “I’ll only copy parts of it”-business. • The parts you do copy will need quotation marks. – Sticking in a few synonyms with a thesaurus is NOT paraphrasing. – Do not attempt to imitate the author’s style. Be yourself. – Pretend you’re “teaching” this information to someone else. • Be sure to use “all main points and important details” from the article you’re using (Lundsford 183). • Explain the significance of your paraphrased material.
  10. 10. Paraphrasing (Notes) • Original Text: “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.” • A study cited by Siegel states that users who are continuously on Facebook are in danger of being too self-conscious. They’re tempted to be concerned about their appearance and actions. • Why does Facebook inspire users to hurt themselves? • If users spent less time on Facebook, they might not be so concerned with how they stack up against others. In-text citation Notice that this version of the material, my version, says the same thing that the quote does, but using my words.
  11. 11. Paraphrasing (Written Draft) • Original Text: “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.” • It’s hard to pinpoint exactly what about Facebook inspires users to hurt themselves, but a study cited by Siegel states that users who are continuously on Facebook are in danger of being too self-conscious. They’re tempted to be concerned about their appearance and actions. If users spent less time on Facebook, they might not be so concerned with how they stack up against others. In-text citation Notice that this version of the material, my version, says the same thing that the quote does, but using my words.
  12. 12. How to Summarize • USE YOUR OWN WORDS! • SHORTEN THINGS UP! – Summaries are shorter than the original. • Write down only the main points, what really matters here (Lunsford 184). • Explain the significance of your summary.
  13. 13. Summary (Notes) • Original Text: “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.” • suggests that the problem is directly connected to the fact that users are spending too much time on social networking sites (Siegel). • If users spent less time on Facebook, they might not be so concerned with how they stack up against others. In-text citation Notice that this summary only comments on the main points, not the nittygritty details. It’s also a little shorter than my summary.
  14. 14. Summary (Written Draft) • Original Text: “being constantly involved with Facebook promoted a single-minded focus on oneself--one's looks, habits, and behaviors.” • It’s hard to pinpoint what about Facebook inspires users to hurt themselves, but a study cited suggests that the problem is directly connected to the fact that users are spending too much time on social networking sites (Siegel). If users spent less time on Facebook, they might not be so concerned with how they stack up against others. In-text citation Notice that this summary only comments on the main points, not the nittygritty details. It’s also a little shorter than my summary.
  15. 15. Works Cited • Lunsford, Andrea A. Everyday Writer. New York: Bedford, 2009. 181-83. Print. • Siegel, Judy. "Link Found Between Heavy Use of Facebook and Eating Disorders..." Jerusalem Post (International). 01 Feb 2011: 6. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 18 Apr 2012.

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