Your TaskChoose a specific literary element (e.g., theme,characterization, structure, point of view, etc.) orliterary technique (e.g., symbolism, irony,figurative language, etc.) used by one of theauthors. Using specific details from eitherPassage I or Passage II, in a well-developed paragraph, show how the authoruses that element or technique to develop thepassage.
The Process: BEFORE Writing1. Read the passages critically.2. Think about what the authors do.3. Choose ONE passage to write about.4. Choose a specific literary element or literarytechnique used in the passage.
The Process: Writing the Paragraph1. Craft a topic sentence that includes:1. The title and author of the passage chosen2. The literary element/technique used by theauthor.2. Discuss how the author uses that element ortechnique to develop the passage.3. Provide evidence from the passage to explainyour ideas.
ExampleIn passage II, “Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou, the poetuses figurative language to emphasize the speaker’svalue and depth of character. She accomplishes this in manyways, but the images of “oil wells” (line 8), “gold mines” (line 19),and “diamonds” (line 27) all symbolize the value the speaker feelsentitled to. These images are embedded in similes which showthat the speaker carries herself as though she has money. Angeloualso uses a powerful metaphor in the last stanza to show thedepth of the speaker’s character: “I’m a black ocean, leaping andwide” (line 33). This line shows the reader that the speaker is fullof unknown treasures and has a dark and evil past, just like theocean. It also lets the reader know that the poem is about aperson’s approach to oppressors in her life. Clearly, Angelou’sfigurative language leaves a powerful impression on thereader, creating a character that will be remembered.
Let’s Practice• Read “Turning,” an excerpt from Gary Paulsen’sThe Winter Room, thinking about what Paulsenuses in the passage.• Choose a specific literary element or literarytechnique used in the passage.• Write a paragraph explaining what Paulsendoes.