YOUR PAPER’S GPS
Giving Your Paper Direction
Organizing a paper includes…
Picking the order in which you’ll present the
different parts of your argument
Creating necessary connections the
relationships you construct between these
What’s the first thing that happens
when you turn on your GPS?
It finds your
out where you
ORIENTATION in your paper…
Part of your introduction should
provide background information
on your topic so that your reader
knows what you’re thinking,
where you are, before they begin
What’s the first thing you do when
you go to use your GPS (after
turning it on)?
You tell it where
you’re going, of
won’t ever get
DIRECTION in your paper…
So, how do you identify the
purpose of your paper, where
your paper is going?
DIRECTION in your paper…
You use a thesis statement.
A thesis statement includes:
Your position on the topic.
A thesis statement appears at
the end of your introduction.
How do you use
the GPS to get
does it do?
It gives you turn by turn directions.
DRIVING through your paper
Just as your GPS organizes your trip,
you must organize your paper.
Think of your topic sentences as new
Think of the supporting details being
the distance you travel on each
what you need to say before you
TOPIC SENTENCES (New
If you think of each street as a topic, think of
the street name as your topic sentence.
Lets you know what a paragraph will be about.
Includes the paragraph’s main idea and point.
Going the distance
Develops the topic sentence of a paragraph
Illustrates examples, reasons, and
explanations before moving on to a new
These details should also be related back to
the thesis statement before moving on.
Connect ideas in sentences, paragraphs, and
sections of papers
Keep your reader “on track” in the organization
system of your paper
(@ start or end)
Examples (within paragraphs)
Sections of a large paper
See chart for examples.
How does your GPS let you know
you’ve made it to your
It waves a
ARRIVING in your paper
How do you know you’ve arrived at
traveled the distance and said all
you need to say.
Your paper’s arrival is the conclusion.
your thesis statement (in new
Recap what you’ve said in your paper.
Brings the ideas you’ve presented together
Provides a shadow of the thesis statement
Answers the “So What?” question for a reader
May provide insight, point to broader
implications, or suggest a course of action.
Decide which order you’ll present your
Start your GPS!
yourself w/ a thesis statement
Start a body paragraph with a topic sentence
Support it with details
Transition between details and paragraphs
Go back and fill in background info in your
Wrap things up with a sweet conclusion