YOUR PAPER’S GPS
SYSTEM

https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQASUJ7qpQSbY9tCzXGVyp8LMsQDpr4gTJkgGYG4E6IT...
Organizing a paper includes…


Picking the order in which you’ll present the
different parts of your argument
 Structure...
Try this analogy…
What’s the first thing that happens
when you turn on your GPS?

http://www.mattrobinsonlive.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08...
Orientation


It finds your
location, figures
out where you
are.

https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT...
ORIENTATION in your paper…


Part of your introduction should
provide background information
on your topic so that your r...


What’s the first thing you do when
you go to use your GPS (after
turning it on)?

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/im...
DIRECTION
You tell it where
you’re going, of
course!
 Without
identifying a
destination, you
won’t ever get
where you’re
...
DIRECTION in your paper…


So, how do you identify the
purpose of your paper, where
your paper is going?
DIRECTION in your paper…
You use a thesis statement.
 A thesis statement includes:


Your

topic
Your position on the ...
DRIVING


How do you use
the GPS to get
where you’re
going? What
does it do?

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q...
DRIVING


It gives you turn by turn directions.

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTmFmjpkxz71ZkJb1H6...
DRIVING through your paper
Just as your GPS organizes your trip,
you must organize your paper.
 Think of your topic sente...
TOPIC SENTENCES (New
Streets)





If you think of each street as a topic, think of
the street name as your topic sente...
SUPPORTING DETAILS:
Going the distance





Develops the topic sentence of a paragraph
Illustrates examples, reasons, a...
TRANSITIONS (TURNING)






Connect ideas in sentences, paragraphs, and
sections of papers
Keep your reader “on track” ...
ARRIVING


How does your GPS let you know
you’ve made it to your
destination?

https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?...
ARRIVING
It repeats
your
destination
(thesis
statement).
 It waves a
flag.


https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q...
ARRIVING in your paper


How do you know you’ve arrived at
your point?
 You’ve

traveled the distance and said all
you n...
CONCLUSIONS





Brings the ideas you’ve presented together
Provides a shadow of the thesis statement
Answers the “So ...
So, start
organizing your
trip!


Decide which order you’ll present your
evidence in
 Your



“route”

Start your GPS!
 Orient

yourself w/ a thesis s...
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Night paper organizationgps

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Night paper organizationgps

  1. 1. YOUR PAPER’S GPS SYSTEM https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQASUJ7qpQSbY9tCzXGVyp8LMsQDpr4gTJkgGYG4E6ITG0phsSecg Giving Your Paper Direction
  2. 2. Organizing a paper includes…  Picking the order in which you’ll present the different parts of your argument  Structure  Order  Creating necessary connections the relationships you construct between these parts.  Transitions  Topic sentences  Supporting details
  3. 3. Try this analogy…
  4. 4. What’s the first thing that happens when you turn on your GPS? http://www.mattrobinsonlive.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/question-mark2.jpg
  5. 5. Orientation  It finds your location, figures out where you are. https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT_eu_yaJBX4rphXoHlePAfHX5ei7iARF1sDgk1E-J7V8_r8gN
  6. 6. ORIENTATION in your paper…  Part of your introduction should provide background information on your topic so that your reader knows what you’re thinking, where you are, before they begin reading.
  7. 7.  What’s the first thing you do when you go to use your GPS (after turning it on)? https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRFrngkpq0q8hhvo1hLbTuHCyTSW2mLz2qY_qPc5__OFiFDGnkYHQ
  8. 8. DIRECTION You tell it where you’re going, of course!  Without identifying a destination, you won’t ever get where you’re going.  http://www.funkygrad.net/reviewfiles/normal/normal_garmin.jpg
  9. 9. DIRECTION in your paper…  So, how do you identify the purpose of your paper, where your paper is going?
  10. 10. DIRECTION in your paper… You use a thesis statement.  A thesis statement includes:  Your topic Your position on the topic.  A thesis statement appears at the end of your introduction.
  11. 11. DRIVING  How do you use the GPS to get where you’re going? What does it do? https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRhE3q5L2d4s-dMd-fCgZY7HOm7mB0XAtSx2mo3YWaDgSLk2
  12. 12. DRIVING  It gives you turn by turn directions. https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTmFmjpkxz71ZkJb1H6qooQj_e6jr7DD2qL8wjhmuhS4ZMi6
  13. 13. DRIVING through your paper Just as your GPS organizes your trip, you must organize your paper.  Think of your topic sentences as new streets.  Think of the supporting details being the distance you travel on each street.   Say what you need to say before you “turn”!
  14. 14. TOPIC SENTENCES (New Streets)    If you think of each street as a topic, think of the street name as your topic sentence. Lets you know what a paragraph will be about. Includes the paragraph’s main idea and point.
  15. 15. SUPPORTING DETAILS: Going the distance    Develops the topic sentence of a paragraph Illustrates examples, reasons, and explanations before moving on to a new subject These details should also be related back to the thesis statement before moving on.
  16. 16. TRANSITIONS (TURNING)    Connect ideas in sentences, paragraphs, and sections of papers Keep your reader “on track” in the organization system of your paper Connect  Paragraphs (@ start or end)  Examples (within paragraphs)  Sections of a large paper  See chart for examples.
  17. 17. ARRIVING  How does your GPS let you know you’ve made it to your destination? https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSkCEjPcjq9wCKE0edODpGleG3uRbB7jPNch226c4B2_GWbVnr4
  18. 18. ARRIVING It repeats your destination (thesis statement).  It waves a flag.  https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRGoistF3fnKy-mvvfTesR_vCxy0rTAVaONuXsXIm6-E5x0nKZIk
  19. 19. ARRIVING in your paper  How do you know you’ve arrived at your point?  You’ve traveled the distance and said all you need to say. Your paper’s arrival is the conclusion.  Conclusions:   Restate your thesis statement (in new words!)  Recap what you’ve said in your paper.
  20. 20. CONCLUSIONS     Brings the ideas you’ve presented together Provides a shadow of the thesis statement Answers the “So What?” question for a reader May provide insight, point to broader implications, or suggest a course of action.
  21. 21. So, start organizing your trip!
  22. 22.  Decide which order you’ll present your evidence in  Your  “route” Start your GPS!  Orient yourself w/ a thesis statement  Start a body paragraph with a topic sentence  Support it with details  Transition between details and paragraphs  Go back and fill in background info in your introduction  Wrap things up with a sweet conclusion

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