WHAT IS NARRATIVE?
• Narrative is the storytelling of the connected events
within a text which give it an overall meaning.
•It is how the story unfolds and how the plot is
revealed to the audience.
•Simply put: a story.
Then, WHAT IS NARRATIVE STRUCTURE?
• the framework that supports the order
and methods in which a story/narrative is
presented to an audience.
• Simply put: how a story is organized.
You might recognize this narrative
But not all stories are so neat…
Parts of a Narrative Structure: Macro Level
• Inciting Moment
• Rising Action
• Falling Action
• Sets the scene & mood
• Introduces us to the characters
• Provides background for the narrative
• Includes the inciting moment, the event
that causes the main conflict in the story
• Series of events and conflicts that lead to
the turning point of the story (the climax)
• The turning point in the story
• A pivotal event that leads the story towards
• Events that happen as a result of the
climax, leading the characters towards a
solution to the conflict
• The part of the story in which the conflict is
• A French term for “ending”
• All loose ends get wrapped up here
Parts of a Narrative Structure: Micro Level
Linear v. nonlinear
Poetic justice (fate intervenes)
Dues ex machina (improbable solution)
Red herring (a diversion)
MacGuffin (Zazu from The Lion King)
• In your groups, read the definition for your
plot device. Then,
–Paraphrase that definition so that it will make
sense to your peers.
–Draw a picture that helps us remember what it
–Come up with at least one example of a text that
uses this device (book, movie, etc.)
• What the reader feels as a result of
reading a text
• Influenced by setting, tone, and word
• Identified using adjectives
• the speaker's or narrator's attitude
towards the subject
Narrative pace/ Pacing
• The speed at which a story moves
• Depends on description and sentence
• Showing v. telling
• Controlled by edicating space to the right