REVIEW
DOES LITERARY TERMS
THEME
THEME: DEFINED
• The message a text sends to the reader
• A main idea
• What the author says about a topic.
NOTE: Themes a...
“True love conquers
all” is the main
theme of Sleeping
Beauty.
EXAMPLE
SYMBOL
SYMBOL: DEFINED
• An object, character, figure, or color that is
used to represent an abstract idea or
concept.
Dumbo’s “magic”
feather represents
courage and self-
confidence. Once he
truly believes in
himself, he no longer
needs it ...
ALLEGORY
ALLEGORY: DEFINED
• Everything in the story is symbolic
This movie about a
colony of ants is
said to be an
allegory referring to
American society.
EXAMPLE
DRAMATIC IRONY
DRAMATIC IRONY: DEFINED
• occurs when the meaning of the situation is
understood by the audience but not by the
characters...
Throughout most of
The Lion King, Simba
mopes around feeling
guilty for his father’s
death, unaware (as
the audience is) t...
Snow White is
unaware that the
luscious apple is
poisoned, but the
audience is aware.
EXAMPLE
SITUATIONAL IRONY
ELEMENT: DEFINED
• a situation in which actions have an effect
that is opposite from what was intended, so
that the outcom...
Mother Gothel
thought she would
keep Rapunzel all to
herself but never
considered that she
might want to leave
herself one...
• Aladdin thought
that Jasmine
would be
enamored by his
riches, but she is
repulsed by them.
• Woody puts
himself in the box
of toys to be given
away at the end of
Toy Story 3, after
he spent the
whole movie trying
...
VERBAL IRONY
VERBAL IRONY: DEFINED
• a person says or writes one thing and
means another, or uses words to convey a
meaning that is the...
Sarcasm is usually
what makes the scene
funny, and Mike is
being sarcastic when
he said he always
wanted a pet that
could ...
FOIL
FOIL: DEFINED
• a character who illuminates the qualities of
another character by means of contrast.
Gaston’s combination
of good looks and
terrible personality
emphasizes Beast’s
tragic situation. The
former is a monster
t...
• Hans is a foil to
Kristoff.
EXAMPLE
PROTAGONIST
PROTAGONIST: DEFINED
• The main character of a story
Ariel is the
protagonist in The
Little Mermaid.
EXAMPLE
ANTAGONIST
ANTAGONIST: DEFINED
• The force that is working against the
protagonist in a story
Ursula is the
antagonist in The
Little Mermaid.
EXAMPLE
ALLUSION
ALLUSION: DEFINED
• A brief reference in a literary work to a
person, place, thing, or passage in another
literary work, u...
In The Hunchback of
Notre Dame, the
gargoyle Laverne tells
a flock of pigeons to
“Fly my pretties! Fly,
Fly!” à la the Wic...
FORESHADOWING
FORESHADOWING: DEFINED
• warning or indication of a future event.
Before she’s fatally
shot by a hunter
(and millions of
childhoods are
scarred), Bambi’s
mother gives Bambi
a stern lecture...
• When Elsa strikes
Anna’s head with
ice during their
childhood, it
foreshadows when
Elsa strikes
Anna’s heart later
in th...
FLASHBACK
FLASHBACK: DEFINED
• A scene that takes the narrative back in
time from the current point
When Jesse thinks
back on her
relationship with
Emily growing up,
it’s a flashback.
EXAMPLE
• http://www.youtub
e.com/watc...
MOOD
MOOD: DEFINED
• atmosphere that pervades a literary work
with the intention of evoking a certain
emotion or feeling from t...
Fantasia frequently
uses music and
setting to drastically
shift the mood from
light and playful to
dark and foreboding.
EX...
• Olaf’s song about
a snowman in
summer creates a
_______ mood in
the audience.
EXAMPLE
EXPOSITION
EXPOSITION: DEFINED
• The portion of a story that introduces
important background information to the
audience — for exampl...
At the beginning of
Robin Hood, the
rooster Alan-a-Dale
describes how Robin
Hood has been
robbing from the rich
to give to...
CONFLICT
CONFLICT: DEFINED
• A struggle or problem between a character
and another force in the story
When Shere Khan
the man-eating tiger
returns to the jungle,
Mowgli must flee to
the safety of human
civilization.
EXAMPLE
• Ariel wants to live
on land, but her
father forbids her
from doing so.
EXAMPLE
Also known as the turning point
CLIMAX
CLIMAX: DEFINED
• the highest point of interest or excitement.
Pinocchio is
transformed into a
donkey and sold into
labor before he
saves Geppetto and
proves himself
worthy of being a
r...
DEUS EX MACHINA
DEUS EX MACHINA: DEFINED
• An unexpected power or event saving a
hopeless situation, especially as a plot
device in a play...
In Snow White and the
Seven Dwarfs, the Evil
Queen is about to kill
the dwarfs when a bolt
of lightning comes out
of nowhe...
Also known as the resolution
DENOUMENT
DENOUMENT/ RESOLUTION: DEFINED
• The final part of a play, movie, or narrative
in which the strands of the plot are drawn
...
At the end of The Little
Mermaid, Ursula is
killed, King Triton
turns Ariel into a
human, and Ariel
marries Prince Eric.
T...
POETIC JUSTICE
POETIC JUSTICE: DEFINED
• A device in which virtue is ultimately
rewarded or vice punished, often by an
ironic twist of fa...
Jafar is so power
hungry he fails to
realize that
becoming a genie
will cost him his
freedom.
EXAMPLE
TONE
TONE: DEFINED
• the attitudes toward the subject and toward
the audience implied in a literary work
Kristoff uses a
harsh, abrasive tone
with the shop owner
in Frozen.
EXAMPLE
HYPERBOLE
HYPERBOLE: DEFINED
• Extreme and purposeful exaggeration used
to emphasize a point
“I’m so hungry I
could eat a whole
elephant.” from 101
Dalmations
EXAMPLE
• http://www.youtub
e.com/watch?feat
ure=player_...
WORKS CITED
Moerder, Adam. "16 Fancy Literary
Techniques Explained By Disney." BuzzFeed.
BuzzFeed, Inc, 7 July 2013. Web. ...
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E2 review disneylitterms

  1. 1. REVIEW DOES LITERARY TERMS
  2. 2. THEME
  3. 3. THEME: DEFINED • The message a text sends to the reader • A main idea • What the author says about a topic. NOTE: Themes are complete sentences.
  4. 4. “True love conquers all” is the main theme of Sleeping Beauty. EXAMPLE
  5. 5. SYMBOL
  6. 6. SYMBOL: DEFINED • An object, character, figure, or color that is used to represent an abstract idea or concept.
  7. 7. Dumbo’s “magic” feather represents courage and self- confidence. Once he truly believes in himself, he no longer needs it as a psychological crutch. EXAMPLE
  8. 8. ALLEGORY
  9. 9. ALLEGORY: DEFINED • Everything in the story is symbolic
  10. 10. This movie about a colony of ants is said to be an allegory referring to American society. EXAMPLE
  11. 11. DRAMATIC IRONY
  12. 12. DRAMATIC IRONY: DEFINED • occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the literary work.
  13. 13. Throughout most of The Lion King, Simba mopes around feeling guilty for his father’s death, unaware (as the audience is) that Scar actually killed Mufasa. EXAMPLE
  14. 14. Snow White is unaware that the luscious apple is poisoned, but the audience is aware. EXAMPLE
  15. 15. SITUATIONAL IRONY
  16. 16. ELEMENT: DEFINED • a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected. • In other words, the expected outcome does not happen.
  17. 17. Mother Gothel thought she would keep Rapunzel all to herself but never considered that she might want to leave herself one day. EXAMPLE
  18. 18. • Aladdin thought that Jasmine would be enamored by his riches, but she is repulsed by them.
  19. 19. • Woody puts himself in the box of toys to be given away at the end of Toy Story 3, after he spent the whole movie trying to stay with Andy. EXAMPLE
  20. 20. VERBAL IRONY
  21. 21. VERBAL IRONY: DEFINED • a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning. • Usually achieved through sarcasm
  22. 22. Sarcasm is usually what makes the scene funny, and Mike is being sarcastic when he said he always wanted a pet that could kill him. EXAMPLE
  23. 23. FOIL
  24. 24. FOIL: DEFINED • a character who illuminates the qualities of another character by means of contrast.
  25. 25. Gaston’s combination of good looks and terrible personality emphasizes Beast’s tragic situation. The former is a monster trapped inside a man; the latter a man trapped inside a monster. EXAMPLE
  26. 26. • Hans is a foil to Kristoff. EXAMPLE
  27. 27. PROTAGONIST
  28. 28. PROTAGONIST: DEFINED • The main character of a story
  29. 29. Ariel is the protagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE
  30. 30. ANTAGONIST
  31. 31. ANTAGONIST: DEFINED • The force that is working against the protagonist in a story
  32. 32. Ursula is the antagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE
  33. 33. ALLUSION
  34. 34. ALLUSION: DEFINED • A brief reference in a literary work to a person, place, thing, or passage in another literary work, usually for the purpose of associating the tone or theme of the one work with the other.
  35. 35. In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the gargoyle Laverne tells a flock of pigeons to “Fly my pretties! Fly, Fly!” à la the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz. EXAMPLE
  36. 36. FORESHADOWING
  37. 37. FORESHADOWING: DEFINED • warning or indication of a future event.
  38. 38. Before she’s fatally shot by a hunter (and millions of childhoods are scarred), Bambi’s mother gives Bambi a stern lecture on the dangers of man. EXAMPLE
  39. 39. • When Elsa strikes Anna’s head with ice during their childhood, it foreshadows when Elsa strikes Anna’s heart later in the film. EXAMPLE
  40. 40. FLASHBACK
  41. 41. FLASHBACK: DEFINED • A scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point
  42. 42. When Jesse thinks back on her relationship with Emily growing up, it’s a flashback. EXAMPLE • http://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=px 0j1EHF8Y0
  43. 43. MOOD
  44. 44. MOOD: DEFINED • atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
  45. 45. Fantasia frequently uses music and setting to drastically shift the mood from light and playful to dark and foreboding. EXAMPLE
  46. 46. • Olaf’s song about a snowman in summer creates a _______ mood in the audience. EXAMPLE
  47. 47. EXPOSITION
  48. 48. EXPOSITION: DEFINED • The portion of a story that introduces important background information to the audience — for example, information about the setting, events occurring before the main plot, characters’ backstories, etc.
  49. 49. At the beginning of Robin Hood, the rooster Alan-a-Dale describes how Robin Hood has been robbing from the rich to give to Nottingham’s poor. EXAMPLE
  50. 50. CONFLICT
  51. 51. CONFLICT: DEFINED • A struggle or problem between a character and another force in the story
  52. 52. When Shere Khan the man-eating tiger returns to the jungle, Mowgli must flee to the safety of human civilization. EXAMPLE
  53. 53. • Ariel wants to live on land, but her father forbids her from doing so. EXAMPLE
  54. 54. Also known as the turning point CLIMAX
  55. 55. CLIMAX: DEFINED • the highest point of interest or excitement.
  56. 56. Pinocchio is transformed into a donkey and sold into labor before he saves Geppetto and proves himself worthy of being a real boy. EXAMPLE
  57. 57. DEUS EX MACHINA
  58. 58. DEUS EX MACHINA: DEFINED • An unexpected power or event saving a hopeless situation, especially as a plot device in a play or novel, from the Latin “a god from a machine.”
  59. 59. In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the Evil Queen is about to kill the dwarfs when a bolt of lightning comes out of nowhere, knocking her off the mountain to her death. EXAMPLE
  60. 60. Also known as the resolution DENOUMENT
  61. 61. DENOUMENT/ RESOLUTION: DEFINED • The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved.
  62. 62. At the end of The Little Mermaid, Ursula is killed, King Triton turns Ariel into a human, and Ariel marries Prince Eric. Then Sebastian sings over the closing credits. WIN. EXAMPLE
  63. 63. POETIC JUSTICE
  64. 64. POETIC JUSTICE: DEFINED • A device in which virtue is ultimately rewarded or vice punished, often by an ironic twist of fate intimately related to the character’s own conduct. • In other words, the character gets what’s coming to them (good or bad)
  65. 65. Jafar is so power hungry he fails to realize that becoming a genie will cost him his freedom. EXAMPLE
  66. 66. TONE
  67. 67. TONE: DEFINED • the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work
  68. 68. Kristoff uses a harsh, abrasive tone with the shop owner in Frozen. EXAMPLE
  69. 69. HYPERBOLE
  70. 70. HYPERBOLE: DEFINED • Extreme and purposeful exaggeration used to emphasize a point
  71. 71. “I’m so hungry I could eat a whole elephant.” from 101 Dalmations EXAMPLE • http://www.youtub e.com/watch?feat ure=player_detailp age&v=aRhmtw1 Gz0U
  72. 72. WORKS CITED Moerder, Adam. "16 Fancy Literary Techniques Explained By Disney." BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc, 7 July 2013. Web. 30 May 2014.

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