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    E2 review disneylitterms E2 review disneylitterms Presentation Transcript

    • REVIEW DOES LITERARY TERMS
    • THEME
    • THEME: DEFINED • The message a text sends to the reader • A main idea • What the author says about a topic. NOTE: Themes are complete sentences.
    • “True love conquers all” is the main theme of Sleeping Beauty. EXAMPLE
    • SYMBOL
    • SYMBOL: DEFINED • An object, character, figure, or color that is used to represent an abstract idea or concept.
    • Dumbo’s “magic” feather represents courage and self- confidence. Once he truly believes in himself, he no longer needs it as a psychological crutch. EXAMPLE
    • ALLEGORY
    • ALLEGORY: DEFINED • Everything in the story is symbolic
    • This movie about a colony of ants is said to be an allegory referring to American society. EXAMPLE
    • DRAMATIC IRONY
    • DRAMATIC IRONY: DEFINED • occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the literary work.
    • Throughout most of The Lion King, Simba mopes around feeling guilty for his father’s death, unaware (as the audience is) that Scar actually killed Mufasa. EXAMPLE
    • Snow White is unaware that the luscious apple is poisoned, but the audience is aware. EXAMPLE
    • SITUATIONAL IRONY
    • ELEMENT: DEFINED • a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected. • In other words, the expected outcome does not happen.
    • Mother Gothel thought she would keep Rapunzel all to herself but never considered that she might want to leave herself one day. EXAMPLE
    • • Aladdin thought that Jasmine would be enamored by his riches, but she is repulsed by them.
    • • Woody puts himself in the box of toys to be given away at the end of Toy Story 3, after he spent the whole movie trying to stay with Andy. EXAMPLE
    • VERBAL IRONY
    • VERBAL IRONY: DEFINED • a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning. • Usually achieved through sarcasm
    • Sarcasm is usually what makes the scene funny, and Mike is being sarcastic when he said he always wanted a pet that could kill him. EXAMPLE
    • FOIL
    • FOIL: DEFINED • a character who illuminates the qualities of another character by means of contrast.
    • Gaston’s combination of good looks and terrible personality emphasizes Beast’s tragic situation. The former is a monster trapped inside a man; the latter a man trapped inside a monster. EXAMPLE
    • • Hans is a foil to Kristoff. EXAMPLE
    • PROTAGONIST
    • PROTAGONIST: DEFINED • The main character of a story
    • Ariel is the protagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE
    • ANTAGONIST
    • ANTAGONIST: DEFINED • The force that is working against the protagonist in a story
    • Ursula is the antagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE
    • ALLUSION
    • ALLUSION: DEFINED • A brief reference in a literary work to a person, place, thing, or passage in another literary work, usually for the purpose of associating the tone or theme of the one work with the other.
    • In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the gargoyle Laverne tells a flock of pigeons to “Fly my pretties! Fly, Fly!” à la the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz. EXAMPLE
    • FORESHADOWING
    • FORESHADOWING: DEFINED • warning or indication of a future event.
    • Before she’s fatally shot by a hunter (and millions of childhoods are scarred), Bambi’s mother gives Bambi a stern lecture on the dangers of man. EXAMPLE
    • • When Elsa strikes Anna’s head with ice during their childhood, it foreshadows when Elsa strikes Anna’s heart later in the film. EXAMPLE
    • FLASHBACK
    • FLASHBACK: DEFINED • A scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point
    • When Jesse thinks back on her relationship with Emily growing up, it’s a flashback. EXAMPLE • http://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=px 0j1EHF8Y0
    • MOOD
    • MOOD: DEFINED • atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
    • Fantasia frequently uses music and setting to drastically shift the mood from light and playful to dark and foreboding. EXAMPLE
    • • Olaf’s song about a snowman in summer creates a _______ mood in the audience. EXAMPLE
    • EXPOSITION
    • EXPOSITION: DEFINED • The portion of a story that introduces important background information to the audience — for example, information about the setting, events occurring before the main plot, characters’ backstories, etc.
    • At the beginning of Robin Hood, the rooster Alan-a-Dale describes how Robin Hood has been robbing from the rich to give to Nottingham’s poor. EXAMPLE
    • CONFLICT
    • CONFLICT: DEFINED • A struggle or problem between a character and another force in the story
    • When Shere Khan the man-eating tiger returns to the jungle, Mowgli must flee to the safety of human civilization. EXAMPLE
    • • Ariel wants to live on land, but her father forbids her from doing so. EXAMPLE
    • Also known as the turning point CLIMAX
    • CLIMAX: DEFINED • the highest point of interest or excitement.
    • Pinocchio is transformed into a donkey and sold into labor before he saves Geppetto and proves himself worthy of being a real boy. EXAMPLE
    • DEUS EX MACHINA
    • DEUS EX MACHINA: DEFINED • An unexpected power or event saving a hopeless situation, especially as a plot device in a play or novel, from the Latin “a god from a machine.”
    • In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the Evil Queen is about to kill the dwarfs when a bolt of lightning comes out of nowhere, knocking her off the mountain to her death. EXAMPLE
    • Also known as the resolution DENOUMENT
    • DENOUMENT/ RESOLUTION: DEFINED • The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved.
    • At the end of The Little Mermaid, Ursula is killed, King Triton turns Ariel into a human, and Ariel marries Prince Eric. Then Sebastian sings over the closing credits. WIN. EXAMPLE
    • POETIC JUSTICE
    • POETIC JUSTICE: DEFINED • A device in which virtue is ultimately rewarded or vice punished, often by an ironic twist of fate intimately related to the character’s own conduct. • In other words, the character gets what’s coming to them (good or bad)
    • Jafar is so power hungry he fails to realize that becoming a genie will cost him his freedom. EXAMPLE
    • TONE
    • TONE: DEFINED • the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work
    • Kristoff uses a harsh, abrasive tone with the shop owner in Frozen. EXAMPLE
    • HYPERBOLE
    • HYPERBOLE: DEFINED • Extreme and purposeful exaggeration used to emphasize a point
    • “I’m so hungry I could eat a whole elephant.” from 101 Dalmations EXAMPLE • http://www.youtub e.com/watch?feat ure=player_detailp age&v=aRhmtw1 Gz0U
    • WORKS CITED Moerder, Adam. "16 Fancy Literary Techniques Explained By Disney." BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc, 7 July 2013. Web. 30 May 2014.