Cw Typesof Poetry

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  • 1. Types of Poetry Creative Writing
  • 2. Genres of Poetry
    • Narrative Poetry- a narrative poem is one that tells a story. Types of narrative poetry include ballads and epics. (Think of Homer… not the guy from The Simpsons!)
    • Lyric Poetry- a highly musical verse that expresses the emotions of the speaker. Common types are sonnets, odes, free verse and elegies.
    • Dramatic poetry- a dramatic poem is a verse that relies heavily on dramatic elements such as monologue, or dialogue. Two types of dramatic poetry are dramatic monologue and soliloquy.
  • 3. Formal Verse
    • Set patterns of rhythm and rhyme
      • i.e. Beowolf
    • Based on scansion (the counting of stresses and syllables) and set verse pattern.
    • Sometimes, a rhyme scheme matters, but not always.
  • 4. Meter
    • The rhythmical patter of a piece
    • English verse is made of rhythmical units called feet. A foot is made up of weakly stressed (˘) and strongly stressed (/) syllables.
    • Meter is based on the number of feet in each line.
  • 5. Poetry has feet? Type of Foot Pattern Example Iamb, or iambic foot ˘ / afraid, the sky Trochee, or trochaic foot / ˘ freedom, heaven Anapest, or anapestic foot ˘ ˘/ in a flash, to the dark Dactyl, or dactylic foot / ˘ ˘ feverish, go and ask Spondee, or spondaic foot / / baseball Pyrrhee or pyrrhic foot ˘ ˘ unbeliev able
  • 6. Lines
    • Monometer = one foot
    • Dimeter = two feet
    • Trimeter = three feet
    • Tetrameter = four feet
    • Pentameter = five feet
    • Hexameter = six feet
  • 7. Playing With Feet
    • See your worksheet.
  • 8. Rhyming Patterns
    • Couplet = aa bb cc dd, etc.
    • Tercet (Triplet) = aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc.
    • Quatrain = abab cdcd efef, etc.
    • Terza Rima = aba bcb cdc ded, etc.
  • 9. Shakespearean Sonnets
    • This sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet:
    • a b a b c d c d e f e f g g
  • 10. Sonnet 141
    • In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes,
    • For they in thee a thousand errors note;
    • But ’tis my heart that loves what they despise,
    • Who in despite of view is pleased to dote.
    • Nor are mine ears with thy tongue’s tune delighted,
    • Nor tender feeling to base touches prone,
    • Nor taste, nor smell, desire to be invited
    • To any sensual feast with thee alone.
    • But my five wits, nor my five senses, can
    • Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee,
    • Who leaves unswayed the likeness of a man,
    • Thy proud heart’s slave and vassal wretch to be.
    • Only my plague thus far I count my gain,
    • That she that makes me sin awards me pain.
  • 11. Group Sonnets
    • Write a sonnet with your group (of 3 or 4) by alternating lines.
  • 12. Blank Verse
    • Unrhymed iambic pentameter
    • Shakespeare’s language (from the plays)
  • 13. Transition
    • Twentieth Century
    • Likened to the transition from ballet to contemporary dance
    • Started with Emily Dickinson & Walt Whitman
    • Loosened forms
  • 14. Free Verse
    • Loosened rhythms
    • Rhymes set askew
    • Took on the rhythms of ordinary speech
    • Practiced by poets who first taught themselves the rigors of earlier periods, of formal verse.
  • 15. Concrete poem is written in a shape that adds meaning to the poem.
  • 16. I propose
    • … that you begin to play with sound and rhythm.
    • … that you imitate what you like; imitation, which has been called the sincerest form of flattery, is also the most teaching form of play.
    • … that you begin by writing poems about the subjects that matter to you.