Cw ghazal

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Cw ghazal

  1. 1. THE GHAZAL
  2. 2. THE WHAT?
  3. 3. WHAT’S A GHAZAL? a Persian poetry form takes its name from the Arabic word meaning “the talk of boys and girls” in other words, flirting or sweet talk http://pad1.whstatic.com/images/thumb/9/9f/Sweet-Talk-a-Girl-Step-2.jpg/670px-Sweet-Talk-a-Girl-Step-2.jpg
  4. 4. WHY WERE THEY POPULAR? Easy to sing Relatively short Themes Love Drinking wine
  5. 5. WHAT’S IMPORTANT TO THE FORM? Written in pairs of 5- 15 long-lined couplets Repetition exists through refrain called radif A refrain (a repeated word or phrase) appears at the end of both lines of the first couplet and at the end of the second line in each succeeding couplet. Rhyme called a qafia is often, not always, used is preceded by the couplet’s rhyming word appears twice in the first couplet
  6. 6. WHAT’S IMPORTANT TO THE FORM? Each couplet/line is able to stand on its own, like a proverb can. Ralph Waldo Emerson criticized the ghazal because this aspect made them feel disjointed Look at a ghazal like a piece of music  Each line adds something to a whole thought  Does not need to be a story that makes sense
  7. 7. WHAT’S IMPORTANT TO THE FORM? The subject is mystical That just means it inspires fascination, awe, or mystery Loss and love are still popular topics In the old Persian form, poets included their last names in the last couplet. You can do this, too. Called a “signature stanza”
  8. 8. EXAMPLES
  9. 9. WHAT TO LOOK FOR… Highlight the radif in each example. Does the poet use a qafia? Examine topic… what does it make you think? Can each line/couplet stand on its own?
  10. 10. TIME TO TRY IT! WRITE YOUR OWN.
  11. 11. THE GHAZAL RULES Write 5-15 couplets. Use a radif Challenge yourself to try using a qafia No enjambment. Each couplet stands on it’s own. Keep you lines long like in the examples.

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