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Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language Teaching
 

Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language Teaching

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    Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language Teaching Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language Teaching Presentation Transcript

    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching Analysis means the comparison of  Contrastive two languages by paying attention to differences and similarities between languages being compared. For example, we compare Bahasa Indonesia and English In teaching and learning English as second language, contrastive analysis is really helpful for both the teachers and the students, because we will know the differences and similarities between source language (L1) and target language (L2). Therefore, it is easy for us to learn and adjust to the target language. So that, we do not incorporate the system of our source language to the target language, because each language has distinct system.
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching In applying contrastive analysis in the classroom, the teacher can use linguistic aspects, such as phonology and syntax. PhonologyPhonology is the study of soundsdistribution in a language and theinteraction between those differentsounds.
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching Examples: Bahasa Indonesia English Vowels Vowels Long Short a i: – cream, seen ɪ – bit, silly i ʒ: – burn, firm ɛ – bet, head u ɑ: – hard, far æ – cat, dad ɔ: – corn, faun ɒ – dog, rotten e U: – bloom, glue ʌ – cut, nut o ʊ – put, soot ə – about, clever
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching SyntaxSyntax means the study of the rulesthat govern the ways in which wordscombine to form phrases, clauses, andsentence. Phrase1. Bahasa Indonesia English Rumah besar Big house Nenek saya My grandmother Pada pagi hari In the morning Pada malam hari At night
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching phrases, adjectives precede  In English nouns. Therefore, the law applied is MD (modifier-determiner). In the phrase ‘big house’ house is determiner and big is modifier, while Indonesia is vice versa, the law applied is DM (determiner- modifier). In the phrase “rumah besar’ the word ‘besar’ modifies ‘house’. Possessive adjective (my) precedes noun (grandmother), preposition (in/at) based on its adverb of time while in Bahasa Indonesia, it’s only translated ‘pada/di’.
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching2. Clause Bahasa Indonesia English Adikku menari My sister dances Kakakku makan My brother eats Neneknya menangis Her grandmother cries His grandmother cries
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching3. SentenceSentences are utterances that have aminimal structure subject (S) andpredicate (P) and the intonationindicates that the speech is completewith meaning.According to its functions, componentsof sentence consist of Subject,Predicate, Object, Complement andAdverb.
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching There are six basic forms of sentences in Indonesian and 7 in English as follows: Bahasa Indonesia English 1. S–P 1. SV 2. S–P–O 2. SVA 3. S – P – Pel 3. SVC 4. S – P – Ket 4. SVO 5. S – P – O – Pel 5. SVOO 6. S – P – O – Ket 6. SVOA 7. SVOC
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching 4. TensesTenses are the system of grammaticalrules in English that related to verbs.There are four basic tenses which canbe contrasted with Bahasa Indonesia.They are: Simple Present Tense Present Continuous Tense Present Perfect Tense Simple Past Tense
    • Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language Teaching Simple Present Tense - They study English - Mereka belajar Bahasa Inggris - She studies English - Dia belajar Bahasa Inggris - They do not study English - Mereka tidak belajar Bhs Inggris - She does not study English - Dia tidak belajar Bhs Inggris - Do they study English? - Apakah mereka belajar Bhs - Does she study English? Inggris? - Apakah dia belajar Bhs Inggris?In English, if the subject is ‘third singularperson’ the verb must be added –s/-es at theback, while in Bahasa is unchanged. Pronounsof third singular person is clearly mentioned,‘she’ for women and ‘he’ for man, while inBahasa is only mentioned ‘dia’ in both womanand man.
    • Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language TeachingPresent Continuous Tense- They are studying - Mereka sedang belajar Bhs Inggris.English. - Dia sedang menulis sebuah cerita.- She is writing a story. - Saya sedang mendengar lagu.- I am listening to thesong. In present continuous tense, it’s added to be (am, is, are) and verb-ing. To be ‘am’ is only for subject ‘I’, ‘is’ for third singular person, and ‘are’ for plural subjects. In Bahasa, it is translated with ‘sedang’.
    • Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language TeachingPresent Perfect Tense- They have studied - Mereka telah belajar Bahasa Inggris.English. - Dia telah menulis sebuah surat.- She has written a story. The Present Perfect is added Auxiliaries ‘Has’ is attached to the single subject and ‘Have’ in the plural Subject. While the verb is the verb form of the third or commonly called as the past participle. If it is a regular verb then it’s just added -ed as in Walked, talked, studied, etc., And if the verb is irregular, we must know its past participle form as in bring-Brought, eat- eaten, write-written etc. In Bahasa, it is
    • Implication of Contrastive Analysis in English Language TeachingSimple Past Tense- They studied English. - Mereka belajar Bahasa Inggris.- She wrote a story. - Dia menulis sebuah surat.The verb that is used in this tense is secondform. If the verb is regular, it is only added -edsuch as in walked, talked, etc., and if the verbis irregular, we must know the form of its pasttense as in write-wrote, eat-ate, etc. On thenegative sentence is added auxiliary ‘Did’ and‘not’ after the subject of both Single andPlural. In Bahasa Indonesia, it istranslated ‘dulu’.
    • Implication of ContrastiveAnalysis in English LanguageTeaching CONCLUSION Contrastive analysis investigates the differences between pairs (or small sets) of languages against the background of similarities and with the purpose of providing input to applied disciplines such as foreign language teaching and translation studies. In teaching and learning English as second language, contrastive analysis is really helpful for both the teachers and the students, because we will know the differences and similarities between source language (L1) and target language (L2). Therefore, it is easy for us to learn and adjust to the target language. So that, we do not incorporate the system of our source language to the target language, because each language has distinct system