GET THE PADDLES:
R E S U S C I TAT I N G S U B U R B I A
By Holly Wolf
The Problem
Aliens O n Planet Ear th
We are not on
Mars, are we?
Suburban
neighborhoods
are not designed
for humans, they
...
Developers should focus on incorporating
vibrant, mixed-use or multi-use neighborhoods
rather than expanding sprawling sub...
What Is A Mixed/multi-use
Neighborhood?
Qualities:
•Combination of
retail, leisure,
civic, residential,
and office space
•...
Vehicle-Dominated v. Pedestrian Friendly
 Curving, looping, cul-de-sacs
 Limited access points
 Isolated from business ...
The History
L a n d i n g o n P l a n e t S u b u r b i a
 It starts over 100
years ago when the
largest wave of
immigran...
( H i s t o r y C o n t i n u e d )
 As railroads and streetcars
developed, those who
could afford it, moved out
of the d...
Developers should build mixed/multi-use
neighborhoods, because they give the suburbs
the architecture it lacks:
Multiple ...
Redesigning the Un-designed
A Tas k for a Team
 The suburbs are not a result
of intentional planning. They
are a result o...
A “Sense of Place”
 A “sense of place” is a
common term in
architecture referring to
a space that is
memorable and unique...
The Opposition
D e v e l o p e r s t h i n k w e a r e o u r p a r e n t s
 “Why care about
architecture?
Suburbanites wo...
A Misconception
We Ar e Lik e Our Par ents
 It is a misconception to think
that modern suburbanites
would not appreciate ...
Many people are scared (especially when speaking of
residential) of “the time frames [for the community] to
develop,” and...
Government Payday
AKA Easy Rezoning
 It used to be more
difficult to get
government approval
on rezoning land for
multi-f...
Benefits for Public
At NO cost to them!
oRaises real estate
values for area
surrounding
development
o“ensures a market
sha...
Still Nervous?
If scared about
development time,
phased building can
be implemented with
mixed use
developments. This
allo...
Complete streets means less congested
roads
Pedestrian-friendly roads mean a more
active, social, and healthy community
...
Many developers and inhabitants think
that suburban neighborhoods are designed
with safety in mind. They are afraid that b...
Misconception:
You are safe because you live in a suburb
 Studies show that most
burglaries happen in “the
spatially most...
No More Road Rage
 “Complete streets”
serve multiple modes
of transportation:
cars, bikes, public
transit, pedestrians,
e...
An Active, Social Community
Developers can improve the
health and lifestyle of
inhabitants:
 Pedestrian-friendly streets
...
It is time that the suburbs stop
expanding and condense.
Developers need to invest in multi-
function developments that br...
Bibliography
Booth, Geoffrey, et al. Transforming Suburban Business Districts. Washington, D.C.: ULI-the Urban Land Instit...
Images Courtesy Of:
In order of appearance
1. http://www.shauntan.net/books/suburbia.html
2. http://www.nicolevanputten.co...
( c o n t i n . )
18. http://www.visitlakenorman.org/includes/media/images/Banana-Night.jpg
19. http://i426.photobucket.co...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Hwolf1 research presentation

771 views
641 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
771
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hwolf1 research presentation

  1. 1. GET THE PADDLES: R E S U S C I TAT I N G S U B U R B I A By Holly Wolf
  2. 2. The Problem Aliens O n Planet Ear th We are not on Mars, are we? Suburban neighborhoods are not designed for humans, they are vehicle- dominated environments. We are alienated in our own neighborhoods, stuck in our cars, going through drive-thrus. No evidence of human life is anywhere.
  3. 3. Developers should focus on incorporating vibrant, mixed-use or multi-use neighborhoods rather than expanding sprawling suburbs, because mixed/multi-use developments give suburbs back the architecture they lack, are economically and fiscally more responsible than typical suburban developments, and revitalize the sense of community lacking in many of America’s cities and suburbs. The Proposal D i v o r c i n g E x p a n s i o n
  4. 4. What Is A Mixed/multi-use Neighborhood? Qualities: •Combination of retail, leisure, civic, residential, and office space •Pedestrian- scaled environment •Vibrant, “live, work, play” environment
  5. 5. Vehicle-Dominated v. Pedestrian Friendly  Curving, looping, cul-de-sacs  Limited access points  Isolated from business districts  Axial street patterns  Great permeability (physically and visually)  Different building types connected Typical Suburban Neighborhood Mixed/Multi-use Neighborhood
  6. 6. The History L a n d i n g o n P l a n e t S u b u r b i a  It starts over 100 years ago when the largest wave of immigrants came to America in the mid to late nineteenth century. The wealthy fled the cities leaving them to fall into poverty.
  7. 7. ( H i s t o r y C o n t i n u e d )  As railroads and streetcars developed, those who could afford it, moved out of the dangerous city. Then industry followed when they discovered cheaper suburban land. With the invention of the automobile and the push of the government for more highways and roads, by mid 1900s most people lived in the suburbs.
  8. 8. Developers should build mixed/multi-use neighborhoods, because they give the suburbs the architecture it lacks: Multiple fields of design employed to make for design-rich schemes. Gives a “sense of place” in the sea of monotony The Architecture … or lack thereof
  9. 9. Redesigning the Un-designed A Tas k for a Team  The suburbs are not a result of intentional planning. They are a result of thoughtless, rapid expansion. A multi- function development calls for a team to design it. Architects, landscape architects, planners, graphic designers, engineers, and market researchers can all be strategic in the planning process. This results in a carefully articulated plan that functions properly as a whole composition.
  10. 10. A “Sense of Place”  A “sense of place” is a common term in architecture referring to a space that is memorable and unique. Mixed/multi-use neighborhoods, unlike suburban neighborhoods give people a sense of place and identity. They increase the integrity of the surrounding architecture and city.
  11. 11. The Opposition D e v e l o p e r s t h i n k w e a r e o u r p a r e n t s  “Why care about architecture? Suburbanites won’t see the point or care. They like their lives just the way they are.”
  12. 12. A Misconception We Ar e Lik e Our Par ents  It is a misconception to think that modern suburbanites would not appreciate a sense of place. True, modern suburbanites still like the slower paced lifestyle as opposed to the downtown fast lane, but in the last twenty years the demographics of the suburbs have changed and now “are often as diverse – in terms of race, household, size, culture, income, age, sexuality, and lifestyle – as the cities they surround” (Gupta, 6).
  13. 13. Many people are scared (especially when speaking of residential) of “the time frames [for the community] to develop,” and they believe it can “result in delay, and add cost to the development” (Gupta, 54). The Economics: More Skepticism The Dreaded Price Often, the land has to be rezoned, causing a longer development time and a higher price. Developers often hesitate building multi-function communities, because it is more expensive
  14. 14. Government Payday AKA Easy Rezoning  It used to be more difficult to get government approval on rezoning land for multi-function developments, now the governments are starting to actually encourage mixed-use developing. Why you ask? The property tax payoff. They get back almost ten times the amount of property taxes back per acre on a mixed-use development than a stand-alone.
  15. 15. Benefits for Public At NO cost to them! oRaises real estate values for area surrounding development o“ensures a market share premium over the competition [immediately]” (Booth, 153). oSustainable growth for future generations. oDraws people from city to help suburban economy
  16. 16. Still Nervous? If scared about development time, phased building can be implemented with mixed use developments. This allows developers to change the plan as they go. For example, Apartments or Office space can later be added above retail. You cannot do this with typical suburban shopping districts.
  17. 17. Complete streets means less congested roads Pedestrian-friendly roads mean a more active, social, and healthy community “Inter-visibility” offers more safety than suburban backyard The Community
  18. 18. Many developers and inhabitants think that suburban neighborhoods are designed with safety in mind. They are afraid that by condensing into a multi-function development crimes rates will increase. The Opposition My Kids Aren’t Safe
  19. 19. Misconception: You are safe because you live in a suburb  Studies show that most burglaries happen in “the spatially most segregated and unconstituted part of the burglars’ own neighborhood” (van Ness, 479).  The number one access point for a burglar is a back door in a fenced yard.  The best safety method developers can use is “inter- visibility” (i.e. seeing pathways entrances and exits).  Which would you rather walk alone?
  20. 20. No More Road Rage  “Complete streets” serve multiple modes of transportation: cars, bikes, public transit, pedestrians, etc. They get more people through the same amount of space, in a more efficient manner. A major goal of multi- function developing is to take advantage of this.
  21. 21. An Active, Social Community Developers can improve the health and lifestyle of inhabitants:  Pedestrian-friendly streets encourages walking and jogging.  Smaller business spaces, mean smaller businesses, and smaller businesses get to know their customers.  Less vehicles and cleaner air quality  Public events, such as concerts, are in walking distance
  22. 22. It is time that the suburbs stop expanding and condense. Developers need to invest in multi- function developments that bring architecture and place into suburbia, economically benefit the community and government much more than suburban shopping districts, and strengthen and protect the community both physically and mentally. It is time developers land on planet earth and take back the human landscape. The Conclusion: R e - humaniz ing the s ubur b
  23. 23. Bibliography Booth, Geoffrey, et al. Transforming Suburban Business Districts. Washington, D.C.: ULI-the Urban Land Institute, 2001. Gupta, Prema Katari, et al. Creating Great Town Centers and Urban Villages. Washington, D.C.: ULI- the Urban Land Institute, 2008 Hillier, Bill. The Social Logic of Spaces. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Minicozzi, Joseph. "The Smart Math Of Mixed-Use Development." Planetizen. 23 Jan 2012: n. page. Web. 29 Jun. 2013. Nes, Akkelies van. "Burglaries in the Burglar's Vicinity." 5th International Space Syntax Symposium . 1. (2005): 479- 492. Print.
  24. 24. Images Courtesy Of: In order of appearance 1. http://www.shauntan.net/books/suburbia.html 2. http://www.nicolevanputten.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/suburbia.jpg 3. http://dic.academic.ru/pictures/wiki/files/66/Bitola_2007.JPG 4. http://www.huntersville.org/Portals/0/Planning/Pictures/community%20plan/Fig%20CD-5.jpg 5. http://www.bikexprt.com/bikepol/facil/images/sprawl.jpg 6. http://www.understandingrace.org/images/482x270/gov/eastern_southern_immigration.jpg 7. http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/walter.sargent/public.www/web%20104/Chicago%20c.jpg 8. http://static2.businessinsider.com/image/5092a68aeab8eac844000009-900/the-design-is-the-work-of-adrian- smith--gordon-gill-architecture.jpg 9. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/images/p06-to-p07/p066-1-jpg.jpg 10. http://cdn.lightgalleries.net/4bd5ec0a86209/images/architecture_nb_01-2.jpg 11. http://www.assemblyrow.com/wp-content/tn3/5/Santana-Row-San-Jose-CA-5.jpg 12. http://carolyndrake.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/suburbia-02-1024x652.jpg 13. http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/images/multimedia/bundles/projects/2012/WideSpanExpand/survival.jp g 14. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQVj2eP65lEibDgnJPDlL6PZpHvRLp4Hk6haxzX1J_lAp5zI3zh0 15. http://cbsq104.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/img_7333.jpg?w=620 16. http://static.sixtyfeet.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/BuildingPhases.png 17. http://ryanhumbert.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/378662_10150408387118087_474816476_n.jpg
  25. 25. ( c o n t i n . ) 18. http://www.visitlakenorman.org/includes/media/images/Banana-Night.jpg 19. http://i426.photobucket.com/albums/pp344/poppys_baby/Decorated%20images/dark_street.jpg 20. http://www.crockerpark.com/images/content-right-images/about.jpg 21. http://media.cleveland.com/insideout_impact/photo/crocker-park-gardenjpg-1fa5204bed56be3b.jpg 22. https://is0.4sqi.net/userpix/UDOHCATX2ZZXF4GW.jpg 23. http://www.crockerpark.com/images/photo-gallery/03a26488-a771-433a-8423-d26488e6dc5e.jpg

×